Survey on Air-Rail Connectivity, Part II

U.S. Government Accountability Office

Contents

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Introduction

As you may recall, the first stage of this survey, conducted in January and February, consisted of five open-ended questions about various aspects of air and intercity passenger rail connectivity. Based on the responses received during the first round of the survey, we have developed questions and responses to obtain your views on the opinions provided by other experts participating in this survey.

The questions in this second stage of the survey can be answered by checking boxes. We estimate that this second stage of the survey will take about 60 minutes to complete. It can be completed over multiple sittings. You may need to consult with officials and staff within your organization to answer these questions. To learn more about completing the questionnaire, printing your responses, and whom to contact if you have questions, _____.

Your responses will provide critical information that will be shared with Congress. While the results of the survey will generally be provided in summary form in our report, individual answers may be discussed, but they will not include any information that could be used to identify individual respondents.

Thank you for your time and assistance.

(View question)

Section I. Benefits of Airport and Intercity Passenger Rail (Air-Rail) Connectivity

1. How important, if at all, is each of the following potential time and convenience benefits resulting from air-rail connectivity?

(View question)

1a. Increased convenience to passengers

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
23 16 2 0 0 0 0 41

1b. Increased overall traveler satisfaction

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
14 22 5 0 0 0 0 41

1c. Reduced travel time to and from airports

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
18 11 9 0 2 0 1 41

1d. Reduced traffic on the roads to and from airports

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
9 13 13 2 2 1 1 41

1e. Reduced congestion on major interstate highways due to increased modal diversion

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
11 10 11 6 2 1 0 41

1f. Increased number of travel options for employees to access airports

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 16 8 3 1 0 1 41

1g. Increased number of travel options for passengers to access airports

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
21 16 3 0 0 0 1 41

1h. Increased use of public transit

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
10 11 13 5 1 1 0 41

1i. Increased safety of transportation network

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Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
4 16 15 4 2 0 0 41

1j. Increased reliability of travel to the airport

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
22 11 6 2 0 0 0 41

1k. Increased air capacity at airports

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
8 13 13 5 2 0 0 41

2. How important, if at all, is each of the following potential economic benefits resulting from air-rail connectivity?

(View question)

2a. Reduced overall cost for travelers connecting to the airport

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
5 18 11 4 2 0 1 41

2b. Collocation of multiple modes of transportation at the airport, so each mode can take advantage of parking, concessions, security, and infrastructure at a lower cost than if each had to provide for itself

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
9 16 11 3 1 0 1 41

2c. Reduced parking congestion for airport passengers

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
3 17 11 8 1 1 0 41

2d. Incentivizes airports to be built further from the city; permits cheaper land acquisition for expansion and reducing environmental consequences of expansion over less dense area

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Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
3 7 10 11 9 1 0 41

2e. Reduced need for airport expansion and roadway access

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
9 11 10 5 4 1 1 41

2f. Supplement need for Essential Air Service

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
3 6 13 7 5 6 1 41

2g. Allows short-haul flights to be replaced by intercity rail connections between airports; allows airlines to use slots for long distance flights

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
19 16 3 1 2 0 0 41

2h. Increased commercial development and jobs creation near the airport

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Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
8 12 15 3 0 1 2 41

2i. Allows airlines to attract passengers from outside the current airport service area

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
14 11 10 5 0 0 1 41

2j. Allows airports to attract passengers from outside the current airport service area

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
16 11 11 2 0 1 0 41

2k. Allows intercity passenger rail operators to attract riders from the airport service area

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 15 12 1 0 1 0 41

3. How important, if at all, is each of the following potential environmental benefits resulting from air-rail connectivity?

(View question)

3a. Reduced carbon emissions from vehicles

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Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
17 13 8 1 1 1 0 41

3b. Reduced energy use

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 10 12 1 1 1 1 41

3c. Reduced noise pollution

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Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
8 9 12 3 3 2 4 41

3d. Other (please describe)

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a benefit
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
3 3 2 0 0 12 21 41

If other environmental benefit(s) specified in question 3, what was the benefit(s)?

(View question)

data intentionally not reported


Section II. Strategies to Improve Airport and Intercity Passenger Rail (Air-Rail) Connectivity in the United States

4. How important, if at all, to improving air-rail connectivity is federal policymakers' adoption of each of the following federal funding strategies; and how feasible, if at all, is implementation of each strategy?

(View question)

a. Permit greater flexibility in using federal transportation grant programs (such as the Airport Improvement Program) for air-rail connections

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Importance: Permit greater flexibility in using federal transportation grant programs

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Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
18 15 5 1 2 0 41

Feasibility: Permit greater flexibility in using federal transportation grant programs

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
5 21 8 3 4 0 41

b. Ease restrictions on using funds collected through Passenger Facility Charges to develop air-rail connections

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Importance: Ease restrictions on using funds collected through Passenger Facility Charges

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Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
19 12 6 1 3 0 41

Feasibility: Ease restrictions on using funds collected through Passenger Facility Charges

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
7 13 11 4 4 2 41

c. Provide dedicated funding for intermodal projects, including air-rail connections

(View question)

Importance: Provide dedicated funding for intermodal projects, including air-rail connections

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
22 12 5 2 0 0 41

Feasibility: Provide dedicated funding for intermodal projects, including air-rail connections

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
4 18 16 3 0 0 41

d. Provide additional funding for intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Importance: Provide additional funding for intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
17 15 8 0 1 0 41

Feasibility: Provide additional funding for intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
5 17 17 0 1 1 41

e. Provide additional funding for terminal and airfield improvements at airports to facilitate air-rail connections

(View question)

Importance: Provide additional funding for terminal and airfield improvements at airports to facilitate air-rail connections

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
10 15 11 1 2 2 41

Feasibility: Provide additional funding for terminal and airfield improvements at airports to facilitate air-rail connections

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 19 15 1 2 2 41

f. Insulate federal transportation funding decisions from political considerations

(View question)

Importance: Insulate federal transportation funding decisions from political considerations

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
11 12 11 3 3 1 41

Feasibility: Insulate federal transportation funding decisions from political considerations

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
0 3 10 21 5 2 41

g. Establish intermodal connectivity as a criterion for federal transportation funding

(View question)

Importance: Establish intermodal connectivity as a criterion for federal transportation funding

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
17 12 7 1 3 1 41

Feasibility: Establish intermodal connectivity as a criterion for federal transportation funding

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
7 13 11 3 4 3 41

h. Incentivize public-private partnerships to help fund and construct air-rail projects

(View question)

Importance: Incentivize public-private partnerships to help fund and construct air-rail projects

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
13 12 12 1 2 1 41

Feasibility: Incentivize public-private partnerships to help fund and construct air-rail projects

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 22 14 0 2 1 41

5. How important, if at all, to improving air-rail connectivity is federal policymakers' adoption of each of the following regulatory and legislative actions; and how feasible, if at all, is implementation of each action?

(View question)

a. Provide additional federal guidance on air-rail projects, clarifying requirements for air-rail project planning and development

(View question)

Importance: Provide additional federal guidance on air-rail projects, clarifying requirements for air-rail project planning and development

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 15 7 4 2 1 41

Feasibility: Provide additional federal guidance on air-rail projects, clarifying requirements for air-rail project planning and development

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
13 16 7 2 2 1 41

b. Establish a federal entity to work across modal administrations to champion intermodal projects, including air-rail connections

(View question)

Importance: Establish a federal entity to work across modal administrations to champion intermodal projects, including air-rail connections

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 14 6 4 1 1 41

Feasibility: Establish a federal entity to work across modal administrations to champion intermodal projects, including air-rail connections

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
6 14 13 4 3 1 41

c. Establish a national framework for intermodal collaboration

(View question)

Importance: Establish a national framework for intermodal collaboration

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
14 14 6 5 1 1 41

Feasibility: Establish a national framework for intermodal collaboration

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
8 15 11 3 1 3 41

d. Emphasize intermodal connectivity as a core federal planning requirement

(View question)

Importance: Emphasize intermodal connectivity as a core federal planning requirement

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 15 7 3 0 1 41

Feasibility: Emphasize intermodal connectivity as a core federal planning requirement

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
9 14 11 3 2 2 41

e. Establish national goals for air-rail connectivity through a national transportation policy

(View question)

Importance: Establish national goals for air-rail connectivity through a national transportation policy

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 10 11 4 0 1 41

Feasibility: Establish national goals for air-rail connectivity through a national transportation policy

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
10 14 14 1 1 1 41

f. Limit the number of flights between markets which are also connected by high speed rail service

(View question)

Importance: Limit the number of flights between markets which are also connected by high speed rail service

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
4 5 9 18 4 1 41

Feasibility: Limit the number of flights between markets which are also connected by high speed rail service

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 2 7 26 3 1 41

g. Allow manufacturers, rather than the federal government, to develop and specify maintenance requirements for intercity passenger rail

(View question)

Importance: Allow manufacturers to develop and specify maintenance requirements for intercity passenger rail

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 7 8 17 6 1 41

Feasibility: Allow manufacturers to develop and specify maintenance requirements for intercity passenger rail

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
0 6 12 15 7 1 41

6. How important, if at all, to improving air-rail connectivity is transportation planners' (at the federal, state or local level) adoption of the following strategies; and how feasible, if at all, is implementation of each of these strategies?

(View question)

a. Create multistate, multijurisdictional partnerships that can effectively coordinate planning across large regions

(View question)

Importance: Creation of multistate, multijurisdictional partnerships that can effectively coordinate planning across large regions

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
16 15 6 2 1 1 41

Feasibility: Creation of multistate, multijurisdictional partnerships that can effectively coordinate planning across large regions

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
3 13 20 1 3 1 41

b. Align long-term transportation plans across modes

(View question)

Importance: Alignment of long-term transportation plans across modes

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
17 15 6 2 0 1 41

Feasibility: Alignment of long-term transportation plans across modes

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
3 17 17 2 1 1 41

c. Develop incentives for increased coordination among stakeholder groups during the planning and development of air-rail connections

(View question)

Importance: Development of incentives for increased coordination among stakeholder groups during the planning and development of air-rail connections

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
11 18 10 0 1 1 41

Feasibility: Development of incentives for increased coordination among stakeholder groups during the planning and development of air-rail connections

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
1 24 10 1 3 2 41

d. Include connections to the airport in the initial planning during the establishment of intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Importance: Inclusion of connections to the airport in the initial planning during the establishment of intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
17 18 5 0 0 1 41

Feasibility: Inclusion of connections to the airport in the initial planning during the establishment of intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
10 21 8 1 0 1 41

e. Reform current multi-modal planning process to include greater emphasis on private sector solutions

(View question)

Importance: Reform of current multi-modal planning process to include greater emphasis on private sector solutions

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 14 15 6 3 1 41

Feasibility: Reform of current multi-modal planning process to include greater emphasis on private sector solutions

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
1 17 18 1 3 1 41

f. Develop business cases to support the creation of air-rail connections

(View question)

Importance: Development of business cases to support the creation of air-rail connections

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 19 3 0 2 2 41

Feasibility: Development of business cases to support the creation of air-rail connections

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 17 6 2 2 2 41

7. How important, if at all, to improving air-rail connectivity is intercity passenger rail operators' adoption of the following strategies; and how feasible, if at all, is implementation of each of these strategies?

(View question)

a. Integrate existing rail service with airports, including locating the terminal as close to the rail station/service as possible

(View question)

Importance: Integrate existing rail service with airports, including locating the terminal as close to the rail station/service as possible

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
24 10 6 0 0 1 41

Feasibility: Integrate existing rail service with airports, including locating the terminal as close to the rail station/service as possible

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 7 28 3 0 1 41

b. Reduce booking and traveling fees for group travelers on intercity passenger rail

(View question)

Importance: Reduce booking and traveling fees for group travelers on intercity passenger rail

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 6 17 12 2 2 41

Feasibility: Reduce booking and traveling fees for group travelers on intercity passenger rail

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 11 19 3 5 1 41

c. Increase the frequency of intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Importance: Increase the frequency of intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
16 21 3 0 0 1 41

Feasibility: Increase the frequency of intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
1 21 16 1 1 1 41

d. Upgrade and relocate rail infrastructure in critical regions

(View question)

Importance: Upgrade and relocate rail infrastructure in critical regions

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 18 7 0 0 1 41

Feasibility: Upgrade and relocate rail infrastructure in critical regions

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 10 22 5 1 1 41

e. Connect intercity passenger rail to other modes of transportation, including mass transit

(View question)

Importance: Connect intercity passenger rail to other modes of transportation, including mass transit

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
27 9 4 0 0 1 41

Feasibility: Connect intercity passenger rail to other modes of transportation, including mass transit

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
6 17 15 1 0 2 41

f. Connect intercity passenger rail to city centers and other urban attractions

(View question)

Importance: Connect intercity passenger rail to city centers and other urban attractions

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
22 17 1 0 0 1 41

Feasibility: Connect intercity passenger rail to city centers and other urban attractions

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
5 18 14 1 1 2 41

g. Align intercity passenger rail schedules with airline schedules

(View question)

Importance: Align intercity passenger rail schedules with airline schedules

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
14 12 10 3 0 2 41

Feasibility: Align intercity passenger rail schedules with airline schedules

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
4 10 17 7 1 2 41

8. How important, if at all, to improving air-rail connectivity is airport operators' adoption of the following strategies; and how feasible, if at all, is implementation of each of these strategies?

(View question)

a. Increase availability of remote baggage check-in at airports

(View question)

Importance: Increase availability of remote baggage check-in at airports

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
6 13 14 6 1 1 41

Feasibility: Increase availability of remote baggage check-in at airports

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
3 10 19 6 2 1 41

b. Give check-in and security priority for delayed air-rail travelers at airports

(View question)

Importance: Give check-in and security priority for delayed air-rail travelers at airports

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
7 13 12 6 2 1 41

Feasibility: Give check-in and security priority for delayed air-rail travelers at airports

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
4 12 15 8 1 1 41

c. Encourage the dominant airline at each airport to pursue code-sharing with intercity passenger rail operators

(View question)

Importance: Encourage the dominant airline at each airport to pursue code-sharing

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
11 13 13 1 1 2 41

Feasibility: Encourage the dominant airline at each airport to pursue code-sharing

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
5 17 14 1 2 2 41

9. How important, if at all, to improving air-rail connectivity is federal policymakers' further study of the following topics related to air-rail connectivity; and how feasible, if at all, is accomplishing each study?

(View question)

a. Ridership preferences across transportation modes

(View question)

Importance: Ridership preferences across transportation modes

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
20 13 5 2 0 1 41

Feasibility: Ridership preferences across transportation modes

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
20 15 4 1 0 1 41

b. Potential locations for air-rail connectivity

(View question)

Importance: Potential locations for air-rail connectivity

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
19 19 2 0 0 1 41

Feasibility: Potential locations for air-rail connectivity

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
21 14 5 0 0 1 41

c. Air-rail policy issues and lessons learned from other countries

(View question)

Importance: Air-rail policy issues and lessons learned from other countries

(View question)

Very important
Important
Somewhat important Not at all important No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
24 13 3 0 0 1 41

Feasibility: Air-rail policy issues and lessons learned from other countries

(View question)

Very feasible
Feasible
Somewhat feasible Not at all feasible No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
25 13 2 0 0 1 41

Section III. Factors That Facilitate and Hinder Airport and Intercity Passenger Rail (Air-Rail) Connectivity

In the first stage of the survey, respondents suggested a number of factors that affect air-rail connectivity. Some of these factors will appear twice in the following questions because their presence facilitates the development of air-rail connections, while their absence hinders the development. Questions 10 and 11 examine how much the presence of factors identified in the first round of the survey facilitate the development and use of air-rail connections while questions 12 and 13 examine how much the absence of many of the same factors hinder the development and use of air-rail connections.

(View question)

10. How much, if at all, does each of the following factors related to connectivity characteristics facilitate the development and/or use of air-rail connections?

(View question)

10a. Close proximity between the airport and the intercity passenger rail station

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
31 8 1 0 0 0 1 41

10b. Frequent intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
26 13 1 0 0 0 1 41

10c. Intercity passenger rail service schedule alignment with airline schedules

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 10 13 2 0 0 1 41

10d. Reliable intercity passenger rail service that departs and arrives on schedule

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
26 13 1 0 0 0 1 41

10e. Intercity passenger rail service to large population centers

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
19 19 2 0 0 0 1 41

10f. Ease of baggage transfer across modes

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
11 21 7 0 0 0 2 41

10g. Cost of using the intercity passenger rail service is less expensive or equal to the cost of using other modes

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
7 25 8 0 0 0 1 41

10h. Travel time to the airport on intercity passenger rail service connection is comparable to the travel time using other modes

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
17 18 5 0 0 0 1 41

10i. Intercity passenger rail service connectivity with other transportation modes

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 23 4 0 0 1 1 41

10j. Passenger preference to use intercity passenger rail service over other modes of transportation

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
13 21 5 1 0 0 1 41

10k. Sufficient passenger demand for intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
21 17 1 0 0 0 2 41

10l. Integrated ticketing and reservation systems across both air and intercity passenger rail services

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
18 15 5 1 0 0 2 41

10m. Security integration across air and intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
11 14 9 1 5 0 1 41

10n. High speed intercity passenger rail service connects to the airport

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
25 12 3 0 0 0 1 41

10o. Available parking at (non-airport) intercity passenger rail stations

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
13 21 5 0 0 1 1 41

10p. Profitability of the air-rail connection for the intercity passenger rail operator

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
11 19 8 0 0 2 1 41

10q. Intercity passenger rail service operates in a clean (sanitary) environment

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
16 13 11 0 0 0 1 41

10r. High quality customer service on intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 21 5 0 0 1 2 41

10s. Quality, condition, and comfort of intercity passenger rail car accommodations

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
10 21 7 1 0 1 1 41

10t. Ease of use of the airport-rail connection

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
30 8 1 0 0 0 2 41

10u. Advertisement of the air-rail connection through various media, on websites, or in publications

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 15 8 1 0 1 1 41

10v. Availability of information, including signage, provided to make the connection between the airport and rail service

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
21 14 4 0 0 0 2 41

11. How much, if at all, does each of the following factors related to planning, stakeholder coordination, and funding facilitate the development and/or use of air-rail connections?

(View question)

11a. A federal government vision for air-rail projects

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
16 14 9 0 1 0 1 41

11b. Integration of the air-rail connections into an overall, multimodal plan or strategy

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
20 12 7 0 1 0 1 41

11c. Communication, collaboration, and consensus across stakeholders, including local, state, federal, and private sector entities

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
23 11 5 0 0 0 2 41

11d. Public support for air-rail connectivity projects

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
13 22 4 0 1 0 1 41

11e. Available funding for air-rail connectivity projects

(View question)

Greatly facilitates Facilitates
Somewhat facilitates Does not facilitate Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
29 11 0 0 0 0 1 41

12. How much, if at all, does each of the following factors related to characteristics of the air-rail connection hinder the development and/or use of airport-rail connections?

(View question)

12a. Lack of existing intercity passenger rail infrastructure, including tracks and stations

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
28 10 2 0 0 0 1 41

12b. High crime rate near the airport and intercity passenger rail station

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
7 16 10 7 0 0 1 41

12c. The potential loss of airline revenue to originating airport resulting from the intercity passenger rail connection to the airport

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
3 4 18 11 1 3 1 41

12d. The potential loss of airport revenue resulting from an intercity passenger rail connection to the airport

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
2 6 23 5 1 3 1 41

12e. Lack of close proximity between the airport and the intercity passenger rail station

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
29 8 2 1 0 0 1 41

12f. Lack of frequent intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
22 15 2 0 0 0 2 41

12g. Lack of alignment across intercity passenger rail and airline schedules

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
10 13 14 2 1 0 1 41

12h. Lack of reliable intercity passenger rail service

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
23 14 3 0 0 0 1 41

12i. Lack of intercity passenger rail service to large population centers

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 24 4 0 0 0 1 41

12j. Difficulty transferring baggage across modes

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
5 24 10 1 0 0 1 41

12k. Cost of using the intercity passenger rail service to get to the airport is more expensive compared to the cost of using other modes

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
6 23 9 0 0 1 2 41

12l. Travel time between origin and destination using intercity passenger rail to the airport is greater compared to other modes

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
13 24 3 0 0 0 1 41

12m. Lack of intercity passenger rail connectivity with other transportation modes

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
10 24 5 0 0 1 1 41

12n. Passenger preference to use other modes of transportation over intercity passenger rail

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
9 19 8 1 0 3 1 41

12o. Lack of demand for intercity passenger rail service to the airport

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
20 11 6 1 0 2 1 41

12p. Lack of integrated ticketing and reservation systems across both air and intercity passenger rail services

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
4 16 13 6 0 1 1 41

12q. Lack of security integration across air and intercity passenger rail

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
3 9 17 7 2 1 2 41

13. How much, if at all, does each of the following factors related to planning, stakeholder coordination, and/or funding hinder the development of air-rail connections?

(View question)

13a. Time required to develop and implement air-rail connection

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
5 19 12 2 2 0 1 41

13b. Lack of available right-of-way, land, or other physical space for air-rail projects

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
24 11 5 0 0 0 1 41

13c. The financial cost of air-rail connectivity projects

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
21 16 3 0 0 0 1 41

13d. Lack of dedicated funding for air-rail connectivity projects

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
16 17 5 0 2 0 1 41

13e. Federal funding restrictions on the use of federal grant funding (such as through the Airport Improvement Program) for air-rail connectivity projects

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 17 5 0 1 2 1 41

13f. Restrictions on the use of funds collected through Passenger Facility Charges for air-rail connectivity projects

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 16 5 0 1 3 1 41

13g. Lack of understanding of the benefits and costs of air-rail connectivity by aviation or rail industry stakeholders

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 20 5 0 2 0 2 41

13h. Lack of leadership for air-rail project or leadership is diffused across many stakeholders

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
18 18 3 0 0 1 1 41

13i. Lack of a federal government vision for the air-rail project

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 16 8 1 2 1 1 41

13j. Lack of integration of air-rail connections into an overall, multi-modal transportation plan/strategy

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
21 11 6 2 0 0 1 41

13k. Lack of communication, collaboration, and consensus across stakeholders, including local, state, federal, and private sector entities

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
14 21 4 0 0 0 2 41

13l. Public opposition to the project

(View question)

Greatly hinders Hinders
Somewhat hinders Does not hinder Not a factor
No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
7 13 11 4 2 1 3 41

Section IV. Differences between the United States and Europe Contributing to Variations in Their Respective Airport and Intercity Passenger Rail (Air-Rail) Connections

Air and intercity passenger rail connectivity is fairly limited in the United States but much more prevalent internationally, in places like France and Germany, as well as in other European countries. The following questions relate to differences between the United States and Europe identified in the first round of this survey.

(View question)

14. How important, if at all, is each of the following differences with regards to explaining variations in air-rail connectivity planning and development between the United States and European countries?

(View question)

14a. In the United States, the intercity passenger rail network is less extensive, serves fewer locations, and is less connected to other modes of transportation than the rail networks in other European countries.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
23 15 1 0 0 0 2 41

14b. In the United States, airports are further from intercity passenger service than European airports.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 14 7 3 1 1 3 41

14c. The U.S. federal system of government gives states and localities flexibility to shape transportation planning and policy, while in some European countries, the national government plays the central role in transportation planning and policy.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
7 12 14 5 0 1 2 41

14d. In the United States, planning is generally undertaken by mode, while in some European countries planning emphasizes intermodal connectivity.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
15 20 3 0 0 1 2 41

14e. In the United States, federal regulatory agencies tend to focus on their respective mode of transportation while some regulatory agencies in European countries work to promote intermodal connections.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
13 16 8 1 0 1 2 41

14f. In the United States, collaboration on air-rail projects among airport authorities, government, and the private sector is less extensive and cooperative than in European countries.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
12 22 4 0 0 1 2 41

14g. In the United States, federal funding for transportation projects is generally provided by mode while in some European countries there is additional funding available to support intermodal connectivity projects.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
14 18 7 0 0 0 2 41

14h. In the United States, the overall funding of intermodal transportation infrastructure projects is less of a national priority than in European countries.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
16 14 6 0 0 3 2 41

14i. In the United States, the government provides proportionately less funding for intercity passenger rail than governments in European countries do for intercity passenger rail.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
24 10 4 0 0 1 2 41

14j. In the United States, federal ground transportation policy emphasizes investment in roads; while European countries' policies emphasize investment in public transportation.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
16 15 4 1 1 2 2 41

14k. In the United States, federal transportation policy places less emphasis on energy conservation and environmental benefits than national transportation policies do in European countries.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
11 16 9 1 1 1 2 41

14l. In the United States, reliance on private automobiles is greater than in European countries.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
23 10 4 1 0 1 2 41

14m. In the United States, airlines do not own or operate any intercity rail passenger service; in some European countries, there is some common ownership of airline and intercity passenger rail services, either by private companies or the government.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
5 10 10 9 2 2 3 41

14n. Outside of the Northeast Corridor (between Boston and Washington D.C.), dense population centers in the United States are further apart than in European countries.

(View question)

Very Important
Important
Somewhat important Not important
Not a difference No opinion
Not checked
Number of respondents
13 14 9 1 1 1 2 41

This completes the second stage of the survey. Are you ready to submit your final completed questionnaire to GAO?

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