Children's Health Insurance:
SCHIP Enrollment and Expenditure Information
GAO-01-993R, Jul 25, 2001
Congress created the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) in 1997 to reduce the number of uninsured poor children whose families incomes are too high to qualify for Medicaid. Congress appropriated $40 billion over 10 years (fiscal years 1998 through 2007) for SCHIP. Each state's SCHIP allotment is available as a federal match based on state expenditures. Although the SCHIP statute generally targets children in families with incomes up to 200 percent of the federal poverty level, 13 states' programs cover children in families above 200 percent of the federal poverty level. This report provides information on (1) enrollment and federal expenditures for SCHIP and estimates of the number of and costs to enroll eligible unenrolled children and income-eligible pregnant women and (2) factors that may influence states' future expenditures for SCHIP and the availability of funding for any program expansion.