B-407797,B-407797.2, Feb 22, 2013
Kaseman, LLC, of McLean, Virginia, protests the elimination of its proposal from the competitive range under request for proposals (RFP) No. W52P1J-11-R-0068, issued by the Department of the Army, for services in support of the agency's Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP). Kaseman argues that the agency's evaluation of its proposal was unreasonable and that the agency treated the offerors unequally.
We deny the protest.
DOCUMENT FOR PUBLIC RELEASE
The decision issued on the date below was subject to a GAO Protective Order. This redacted version has been approved for public release.
Matter of: Kaseman, LLC
File: B-407797; B-407797.2
Date: February 22, 2013
Protest that agency unreasonably and unequally evaluated proposals is denied where record reflects that evaluation was reasonable and consistent with solicitations evaluation criteria and that differences in evaluation did not result from unequal treatment.
Kaseman, LLC, of McLean, Virginia, protests the elimination of its proposal from the competitive range under request for proposals (RFP) No. W52P1J-11-R-0068, issued by the Department of the Army, for services in support of the agencys Logistics Civil Augmentation Program (LOGCAP). Kaseman argues that the agencys evaluation of its proposal was unreasonable and that the agency treated the offerors unequally.
We deny the protest.
The solicitation, which was issued on June 15, 2012, contemplated the award of a single indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity contract with fixed-price and cost-plus-fixed-fee contract line items, and with a base period of one year and two 1-year option periods. RFP at 2. The solicitation stated that award would be made to the offeror whose proposal was determined to represent the best value to the government, considering the following evaluation factors listed in descending order of importance: technical/management; past performance; cost/price; and small business participation. RFP at 93. For the technical/management factor, the solicitation instructed offerors to submit a proposal volume containing a description of the technical/management approach (DTMA) that the offeror would employ to accomplish the requirements of the Performance Work Statement (PWS). Id. at 84. The solicitation also instructed that [a]t a minimum, the DTMA must address the offerors approach to staffing, subcontract management, and quality of services and provide a FTE [full time equivalent] (staffing) chart for the following four overarching PWS requirements: program office support; Afghanistan deputy program management support; Kuwait deputy program management support; and contracting support. Id. The solicitation stated that the DTMA must not exceed 55 pages. Id.
With respect to the technical/management factor, the solicitation stated that the agency would evaluate the content of the DTMA and the feasibility of the offerors approach to accomplish the requirements of the [PWS]. Id. at 93. The solicitation also stated that the agencys evaluation under the technical/management factor would consider the impact of [an offerors technical/management] approach on the four above-mentioned overarching PWS requirements. Id.
The agency received multiple proposals in response to the solicitation, including a proposal from Kaseman. A source selection evaluation board (SSEB) evaluated the proposals. Agency Report (AR), Tab 19-1, SSEB Report. The SSEB assessed two strengths and two deficiencies to Kasemans proposal under the technical/management factor. Id. at 12-14. As relevant to this protest, one of the deficiencies was that Kasemans proposal fails to include its approach to execute the Governments PWS requirements. Id. at 14. Based on the deficiencies, the SSEB evaluated Kasemans proposal as unacceptable under the technical/management factor and unawardable. Id. at 12.
The contracting officer reviewed the results of the SSEBs evaluation and noted that the SSEB had evaluated nearly all of the proposals as unacceptable under the technical/management factor. AR, Tab 20-1, Competitive Range Determination, at 2. The contracting officer decided to establish a competitive range. Id. Rather than exclude all proposals evaluated as unacceptable under the technical/management factor from the competitive range, the contracting officer decided to exclude only those proposals that he determined would require a major re-write or revision in order to be considered for award. Id. Thus, for each proposal--including Kasemans--the contracting officer made a written determination as to whether the evaluated deficiencies and/or substantial weaknesses would or would not require a major re-write or revision for the proposal to be considered for award. AR, Tab 20-1, Competitive Range Determination at 3-8. For Kasemans proposal, the contracting officers determination included the following finding:
. . . Kaseman failed to provide an execution approach to the Governments requirements as identified in the PWS and workload assumptions. It is impossible to determine the feasibility of an offerors approach to accomplishing the requirements of the PWS (RFP Section M.2.1.a) when the offeror fails to provide an approach as part of its proposal. To allow Kaseman to remain in the competitive range would require a substantial rewrite of its DTMA and protracted discussions.
Id. at 3. The contracting officer made almost identical findings for two other proposals that were excluded from the competitive range. Id. at 3-4.
The source selection authority concurred with the contracting officers competitive range determination. Id. at 9. After being informed that its proposal had been eliminated from the competition, Kaseman requested and received a debriefing. AR, Tab 23, Kaseman Debriefing. This protest followed.
As discussed above, the agency assessed two deficiencies to Kasemans proposal, and it concluded that Kasemans proposal could not be considered for award without a major re-write or revision. Kaseman argues that neither of the deficiencies was reasonable and that the agency should have considered its proposal for award. Comments at 1-25. Below, we discuss only one of the deficiencies. Because we find that this deficiency was reasonably assessed and that it alone provided a reasonable basis for the elimination of Kasemans proposal from the competition, we need not address Kasemans challenge to the other deficiency.
Contracting agencies are not required to retain a proposal in a competitive range where the proposal is not among the most highly rated or where the agency otherwise reasonably concludes that the proposal has no realistic prospect of award. Federal Acquisition Regulation § 15.306(c)(1); Wahkontah Servs., Inc., B-292768, Nov. 18, 2003, 2003 CPD ¶ 214 at 4. Where a proposal is technically unacceptable as submitted and would require major revisions to become acceptable, exclusion from the competitive range is generally permissible. CMC & Maint., Inc., B-290152, June 24, 2002, 2002 CPD ¶ 107 at 2. Proposals with significant informational deficiencies may be excluded, whether the deficiencies are attributable to either omitted or merely inadequate information addressing fundamental factors. American Med. Depot, B-285060 et al., July 12, 2000, 2002 CPD ¶ 7 at 6-7. In reviewing an agencys decision to eliminate a proposal from the competitive range, we will not evaluate the proposal anew, but rather, we will examine the agencys evaluation to ensure it was reasonable and in accord with the provisions of the solicitation; in this regard, a protesters mere disagreement with an agencys evaluation does not establish that the evaluation was unreasonable. CMC & Maint., Inc., supra.
Here, the record supports the agencys finding that Kasemans proposal failed to include an approach to accomplish the requirements of the PWS, as required by the solicitation. As discussed above, the solicitation expressly required offerors to submit a proposal volume consisting of the approach that the offeror would use to accomplish the requirements of the [PWS]. RFP at 84. Further, the solicitation advised offerors that the agency would evaluate the feasibility of the offerors approach to accomplish the requirements of the [PWS]. Id. at 93. Despite these solicitation provisions, the DTMA volume of Kasemans proposal included almost no discussion or detail regarding how Kaseman would accomplish the numerous, specific requirements contained in the PWS. See AR, Tab 11-1, Kaseman Proposal, vol. II, DTMA. Instead, the bulk of Kasemans DTMA volume provided general information about the firm and its teaming partners and discussed their practices and procedures for performing a professional services contract. See id. There was essentially no discussion of specific measures that Kaseman would take to accomplish the particular requirements of this solicitation. Id. Accordingly, we find that the agency reasonably assessed a deficiency to Kasemans proposal for a failure to include an approach to accomplishing the PWS requirements, as required by the solicitation.
Kaseman asserts that this deficiency could have been corrected through discussions and without a major revision to its proposal. Comments at 10-13. We find that these assertions provide no basis to object to the agencys exclusion of Kasemans proposal from the competitive range. As discussed above, Kasemans proposal included essentially no explanation of how the firm would accomplish the solicitations specific requirements. Because the solicitation expressly instructed offerors to provide an approach to accomplishing the requirements and informed offerors that the feasibility of the approach would be evaluated, we think it is fair to say that providing such an approach was a core requirement for proposals. Considering that Kasemans proposal lacked this fundamental element, we conclude that the agency reasonably determined that the proposal would require a major re-write or revision to be considered for award. Although Kaseman argues that it could have corrected the issue through discussions and a proposal revision, an agency is not required to include in the competitive range a proposal that requires major revisions to be made acceptable. CMC & Maint., Inc., supra.
As a separate argument, Kaseman asserts that the solicitation did not require an offerors proposal to include an execution approach to the entire statement of work. Comments at 2-9. In support of this position, Kaseman cites the following provision from the solicitations proposal submission instructions:
Content: At a minimum, the DTMA shall address the offerors approach to staffing, subcontract management, and quality of services and provide a FTE (staffing) chart for the following requirements:
(1) Program Office Support
(2) Afghanistan Deputy Program Management Support
(3) Kuwait Deputy Program Management Support
(4) Contracting Support
Comments at 2-3 (quoting RFP at 84-85). Based on this provision, Kaseman argues that the solicitation included a limited requirement that offerors describe their approach to staffing, subcontract management, and quality of services and provide a staffing chart. Id. at 2. According to Kaseman, this provision shows that the solicitation did not require an offeror to provide any other discussion . . . that would address the offerors strategy for performing each of the PWS tasks. Id. (emphasis in original). We disagree.
Kasemans interpretation of the solicitation ignores the express, fundamental purpose of the DTMA, which was to provide a written explanation of how the offeror would accomplish the requirements in the PWS. The solicitation established this by introducing the DTMA as a proposal volume that was to consist of an offerors approach to accomplish the requirements of the [PWS]. RFP at 84. An additional failing with Kasemans argument is that the four requirements enumerated in the solicitation provision relied on by Kaseman directly correspond to four overarching, substantive areas of PWS requirements. See PWS §§ 5.00-7.00. Accordingly, we read the solicitation provision cited by Kaseman to require that offerors address three areas--staffing, subcontract management, and quality of services--and provide a staffing chart in the context of the proposed methods to accomplishing the PWS requirements. To adopt Kasemans interpretation of the solicitation as not requiring that offerors describe their approach to accomplishing the PWS requirements would compel us to ignore the fundamental, and express, meaning that the solicitation provided for the DTMA. We decline to do so, and this ground of protest is denied.
Kaseman also raises arguments claiming that the agency treated offerors unequally. Comments at 25-38. For example, Kaseman argues that the contracting officer failed to consider whether deficiencies identified in the competitive range proposals would actually require a greater rewrite than adding a PWS execution approach. Id. at 25, 28-32.
As discussed above, the contracting officer made a written determination as to whether the deficiencies and significant weaknesses assessed to each proposal would or would not require a major re-write or revision for the proposal to be considered for award. AR, Tab 20-1, Competitive Range Determination, at 3-8. Deficiencies and significant weaknesses that the contracting officer determined would not require a major proposal re-write or revision included the failure to provide sufficient detail regarding one succinct component of the PWS; concern about the number of labor hours proposed for a succinct component of the PWS; and inconsistency between certain labor and/or cost levels listed in the DTMA volume versus the corresponding labor and/or cost levels listed in the cost volume. Id. at 5-8. Thus, contrary to Kasemans assertion, the record reflects that the agency did consider the degree of proposal revisions that would be required to resolve the deficiencies and significant weaknesses assessed to the competitive range proposals. Further, unlike Kasemans failure to propose an approach to accomplishing the PWS requirements, the deficiencies and significant weaknesses discussed above (which were associated with the competitive range proposals) do not appear to be global in nature or reflect a fundamental proposal omission. Therefore, we conclude that the contracting officer reasonably determined that the deficiencies and significant weaknesses assessed to the competitive range proposals would not require a major re-write or revision. Kasemans claim that the agency evaluated offerors unequally in this regard is denied.
As another example of Kasemans claims that the agency treated the offerors unequally, Kaseman argues that the agency assessed significant weaknesses to several competitive range proposals for issues that were virtually identical to issues that the agency cited in connection with a deficiency assessed to Kasemans proposal. Comments at 36-38. Kaseman argues that [t]his is a clear indication of unequal treatment because the agency considered the issues significant weaknesses for competitive range offerors, but connected the issues with a deficiency for Kaseman. See id. Again, we disagree.
Because of the nature of the issues (they relate to the level of proposed material, equipment, and other direct costs resources), we see nothing unreasonable about the contracting officers determination that the competitive range offerors could resolve them without a major proposal revision or re-write. Additionally, the contracting officer did not cite these issues in his determination to exclude Kasemans proposal from the competitive range. AR, Tab 20-1, Competitive Range Determination, at 3. Accordingly, we see no merit in Kasemans assertion that this aspect of the agencys evaluation was unequal.
The protest is denied.
Susan A. Poling
 These four requirements comprised the substantive portion of the PWS--i.e., the portion of the PWS that set forth LOGCAP-specific performance requirements, rather than administrative requirements. See PWS §§ 5.00-7.00.
 Notably, the DTMA volume of Kasemans proposal is 35 pages in length, which is 20 pages less than the length allowed by the solicitation. AR, Tab 11-1, Kaseman Proposal, vol. II, DTMA; RFP at 84.
 See note 1, supra.
 Kaseman also argues that its interpretation of the solicitation as not requiring offerors proposals to include an execution approach is correct because two other offerors apparently interpreted the solicitation in a similar way. Comments at 5-9. In this regard, the record reflects that the contracting officers determination to exclude the two proposals in question from the competitive range included findings that the proposals failed to include an approach to accomplishing the PWS requirements. AR, Tab 20-1, Competitive Range Determination, at 3-4. The record, however, also reflects that the majority of the offerors included an approach to accomplishing the PWS requirements in their DTMA volumes. See id. at 4-8. In any event, Kasemans argument has no merit because, as discussed above, the solicitation unambiguously required offerors DTMAs to provide an approach to accomplishing the requirements of the PWS. See RFP at 84-85, 93.
 Kaseman raises a number of other arguments challenging the propriety of the agencys evaluation. We have reviewed all of these arguments, together with the record, and conclude that none furnishes a basis on which to sustain the protest. For example, Kaseman claims that the contracting officer improperly failed to consider Kasemans proposed cost--which was lower than some competitive range proposals--before eliminating the firms proposal from the competition. Comments at 25-28. Because the agency reasonably found Kasemans proposal technically unacceptable, the agency properly could eliminate the proposal from the competitive range without considering its proposed cost. See TMC Design Corp., B-296194.3, Aug. 10, 2005, 2005 CPD ¶ 158 at 5; Systems Planning and Analysis, Inc., B-261857.2, Nov. 9, 1995, 95-2 CPD ¶ 218 at 3-4.