• Appropriations Law Decisions

    GAO's Office of General Counsel issues decisions and opinions on appropriations law.

  • When does GAO make appropriations decisions and opinions publicly available?

    Shortly after issuing a decision or opinion, it will be available here.

  • Who can request an appropriations law decision from GAO?

    Certain agency officials may request decisions. Members and congressional committees may request appropriations opinions.

  • How do I request a decision? Can I use e-mail?

    Agencies must submit requests by letter to the Comptroller General or GAO’s General Counsel, signed by an authorized official. Scanned copies of signed, dated letters are acceptable. For more information, see Procedures and Practices for Legal Decisions and Opinions. For further information on submitting requests for decisions or opinions, please contact Julie Matta (mattaj@gao.gov), Assistant General Counsel for Appropriations Law.

  • How do I obtain a copy of the Red Book?

    The Red Book and Annual Update are available electronically here.

  • How do I get the Red Book’s annual update?

    GAO publishes an annual update of the Principles of Federal Appropriations Law each year, usually in March. It is meant to be read alongside the three volumes, complementing the text contained therein. The update’s contents alert the reader to the pages in the Red Book being supplemented. It is available on the Red Book page.

  • Where may I direct a question about the Red Book (Principles of Federal Appropriations Law)?

    If you have questions about the Red Book, please send an e-mail to: redbook@gao.gov.

  • How do I obtain information on Antideficiency Act reports submitted to GAO?

    You can browse agency reports on violations of the Antideficiency Act here.

  • Does GAO offer appropriations law training?

    Yes. We offer a 2-1/2 day course on appropriations law. Read more about the Principles of Appropriations Law Course.

  • Where can I get information about claims related to civilian or military pay, travel, transportation and other allowances?

    GAO no longer adjudicates these claims. In the mid-1990s, Congress enacted two laws that transferred several functions from GAO to other government agencies. You can learn more about these functions at Functions Transferred to the Executive Branch.