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Worker and Family Assistance (21 - 30 of 1,682 items) in Custom Date Range
Social Security Disability: SSA Could Increase Savings by Refining Its Selection of Cases for Disability Review
GAO-16-250: Published: Feb 11, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 14, 2016.
The Social Security Administration (SSA) selects cases for continuing disability reviews (CDR) using several inputs, but it does not do so in a manner that maximizes potential savings. SSA first prioritizes CDRs required by law or agency policy such as those for children under 1 year old who are receiving benefits due in part to low birth weight. Then SSA uses statistical models to identify the re...
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families: Update on States Counting Third-Party Expenditures toward Maintenance of Effort Requirements
GAO-16-315: Published: Feb 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
Nearly one-third of states (16 of 51) reported counting nongovernmental third-party expenditures toward their states' required spending level under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Family (TANF) block grant in fiscal year 2015, according to GAO's survey of all state TANF directors. TANF requires states to maintain a significant portion of their own historic financial commitment, called maintenan...
Unaccompanied Children: HHS Can Improve Monitoring of Their Care
GAO-16-429T: Published: Feb 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2016.
In fiscal year 2014, nearly 57,500 children traveling without their parents or guardians (referred to as unaccompanied children) were apprehended and transferred to the care of the Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR). Most of these children were from Central America. GAO found that ORR was initially unprepared to care for that many children; however, the a...
Foster Care: HHS Could Do More to Support States' Efforts to Keep Children in Family-Based Care
GAO-16-85: Published: Oct 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 9, 2015.
Eight states GAO reviewed had a variety of efforts under way to help ensure they placed foster children in family-based settings rather than in group homes or institutions, also known as congregate care. Federal law requires that foster children have a case plan designed to achieve placement in the least restrictive (most family like) and most appropriate setting available, consistent with their n...
Workers' Compensation: Health Benefit Programs for Returned Peace Corps Volunteers and for Employees of U.S. Agency for International Development Contractors
GAO-16-28R: Published: Oct 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2015.
Peace Corps and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) both provide health benefits through workers' compensation programs. Peace Corps provides benefits to returned Peace Corps volunteers who sustain illnesses or injuries connected to their Peace Corps service under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) program administered by the Department of Labor (DOL). USAID provides...
Child Welfare: Steps Have Been Taken to Address Unregulated Custody Transfers of Adopted Children
GAO-15-733: Published: Sep 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 16, 2015.
Some adoptive families may consider giving their children to another family outside of the courts and child welfare system—an “unregulated child custody transfer”—because of a crisis within the adoptive family and difficulties accessing support services, according to officials GAO interviewed from selected states, child welfare and adoption organizations, and adoption agencies. Children ad...
Pay for Success: Collaboration among Federal Agencies Would be Helpful as Governments Explore New Financing Mechanisms
GAO-15-646: Published: Sep 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2015.
Pay for Success (PFS), also known as Social Impact Bonds, is a new contracting mechanism to fund prevention programs, where investors provide capital to implement a social service— for example, to reduce recidivism by former prisoners. If the service provider achieves agreed upon outcomes, the government pays the investor, usually with a rate of return, based on savings from decreased use of mor...
Federal Low-Income Programs: Multiple Programs Target Diverse Populations and Needs
GAO-15-516: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2015.
More than 80 federal programs (including 6 tax expenditures) provide aid to people with low incomes, based on GAO's survey of relevant federal agencies. Medicaid (the largest by far), the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), and the refundable portion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) comprised almost two-thirds of fiscal year 2013 federal obli...
Disability Insurance: Actions Needed to Help Prevent Potential Overpayments to Individuals Receiving Concurrent Federal Workers' Compensation
GAO-15-531: Published: Jul 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2015.
GAO found that the Social Security Administration (SSA) detected concurrent Disability Insurance (DI) and Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) payments received by some, but not all individuals who received these concurrent payments during at least 1 calendar month from July 1, 2011 through June 30, 2014, which was the most-current data available at the time GAO began its work. Specifically:...
Veterans' Disability Benefits: Improvements Needed to Better Ensure VA Unemployability Decisions Are Well Supported
GAO-15-735T: Published: Jul 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2015.
The number of veterans receiving Total Disability Individual Unemployability (TDIU) benefits has been increasing, as has the total amount of benefit payments, especially among older veterans. VA generally provides TDIU benefits to disabled veterans who are unable to maintain employment with earnings above the federal poverty guidelines due to service-connected disabilities. To be eligible for TDIU...