Disadvantaged persons (61 - 70 of 265 items)
Child Care: Recent State Policy Changes Affecting the Availability of Assistance for Low-Income Families
GAO-03-588: Published: May 5, 2003. Publicly Released: May 5, 2003.
With the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program taking effect in 1997, child care assistance became a significant strategy for helping welfare recipients move into the workforce and for helping other low-income families stay off welfare. Since 1997, states have used federal funds from the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) and TANF along with state funds to expand child care as...
Welfare Reform: Job Access Program Improves Local Service Coordination, but Evaluation Should Be Completed
GAO-03-204: Published: Dec 6, 2002. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2002.
Pursuant to Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), GAO periodically reports on the implementation of the Job Access and Reverse Commute (Job Access) program. The program is designed to assist low-income people in accessing employment opportunities. This report examines the Department of Transportation's (DOT) efforts to evaluate the program and report the results to the Congress...
Child Care: States Exercise Flexibility in Setting Reimbursement Rates and Providing Access for Low-Income Children
GAO-02-894: Published: Sep 18, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 2002.
Federal welfare legislation passed in 1996 placed a greater emphasis on helping low-income families end dependence on government benefits by promoting job preparation and work. To reach this goal, the legislation gave states greater flexibility to design programs that use federal funds to subsidize child care for low-income families. Under the Child Care and Development Fund, this flexibility incl...
Charitable Choice: Federal Guidance on Statutory Provisions Could Improve Consistency of Implementation
GAO-02-887: Published: Sep 10, 2002. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 2002.
The federal government spends billions of dollars annually to provide services to the needy directly, or through contracts with a large network of social service providers. Faith-based organizations (FBO), such as churches and religiously affiliated entities, are a part of this network and have a long history of providing social services to needy families and individuals. In the past, religious or...
Welfare Reform: Tribal TANF Allows Flexibility to Tailor Programs, but Conditions on Reservations Make It Difficult to Move Recipients into Jobs
GAO-02-768: Published: Jul 5, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2002.
The 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act gives Native American Indian tribes the option to administer Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs, either alone or as part of a consortium with other tribes, rather than receiving benefits and services from state TANF programs. Because of the difficult economic circumstances on many reservations, the law al...
Workforce Investment Act: States and Localities Increasingly Coordinate Services for TANF Clients, but Better Information Needed on Effective Approaches
GAO-02-696: Published: Jul 3, 2002. Publicly Released: Jul 3, 2002.
The 1998 Workforce Investment Act (WIA) required states to provide most federally funded employment-related services through one-stop centers. Two years earlier, welfare reform legislation created the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant which provided flexibility to states to focus on helping needy adults with children find and maintain employment. Nearly all states reported...
Welfare Reform: Federal Oversight of State and Local Contracting Can be Strengthened
GAO-02-661: Published: Jun 11, 2002. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWPRA) of 1996 changed the nation's cash assistance program for needy families with children. The former program, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), was replaced with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, which provides states with $16.5 billion each year through 2002 to serve this populati...
Workforce Investment Act: Coordination of TANF Services Through One-Stops Has Increased Despite Challenges
GAO-02-739T: Published: May 16, 2002. Publicly Released: May 16, 2002.
A central focus of welfare reform has been to help needy adults with children find and keep jobs. The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) unifies a fragmented employment and training system. Despite its similar fundamental focus, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was not required to participate in the one-stop system, although many states are coordinating their TANF ser...
Welfare Reform: Tribes Are Using TANF Flexibility To Establish Their Own Programs
GAO-02-695T: Published: May 10, 2002. Publicly Released: May 10, 2002.
Under welfare reform, American Indian tribes have the option to run Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs either alone or as part of a consortium of other tribes rather than receiving benefits and services from state TANF programs. Because of the difficult economic circumstances on many reservations, the law also gives tribal TANF programs more flexibility to design their program...
Welfare Reform: Interim Report on Potential Ways to Strengthen Federal Oversight of State and Local Contracting
GAO-02-245: Published: Apr 23, 2002. Publicly Released: May 9, 2002.
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 changed the nation's cash assistance program for needy families with children by replacing the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program, with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant. As specified in PRWORA, TANF's goals include ending the dependence of families receiving government be...