Broadband (1 - 10 of 15 items)
Tribal Internet Access: Increased Federal Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed
GAO-16-504T: Published: Apr 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2016.
In January 2016, GAO found that, although all 21 tribes GAO interviewed have some access to high-speed Internet, barriers to increasing access remain. Tribal officials and Internet providers said that high poverty rates among tribes and the high costs of connecting remote tribal villages to core Internet networks limit high-speed Internet availability and access. About half of the tribes GAO inter...
Telecommunications: Additional Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed for High-Speed Internet Access Programs on Tribal Lands
GAO-16-222: Published: Jan 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2016.
Although all 21 tribes GAO interviewed have some access to high-speed Internet, tribes and providers GAO interviewed cited barriers to increasing access. For example, high poverty rates and the high costs of connecting remote tribal villages to core Internet networks—called middle-mile infrastructure—limit high-speed Internet availability and adoption on tribal lands (see fig.). About half of...
Broadband: Intended Outcomes and Effectiveness of Efforts to Address Adoption Barriers Are Unclear
GAO-15-473: Published: Jun 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2015.
Home broadband adoption can provide a number of social and economic benefits, according to literature from academic, government, and other research sources and interviews GAO held with researchers, consumer and industry organizations, and government officials. For example, broadband provides access to employment opportunities by providing the means to search and apply for jobs and participate in o...
Broadband Performance: Additional Actions Could Help FCC Evaluate Its Efforts to Inform Consumers
GAO-15-363: Published: Apr 17, 2015. Publicly Released: May 15, 2015.
Consumers can access broadband performance information from several sources, including Internet service providers (ISP), online speed tests, and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC); however, the information has some limitations. For example:ISP information: FCC's transparency rule requires ISPs to disclose broadband performance information, but ISPs' disclosures vary, and some stakeholder...
Public-Safety Broadband Network: FirstNet Should Strengthen Internal Controls and Evaluate Lessons Learned
GAO-15-407: Published: Apr 28, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2015.
The First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet) has made progress carrying out its responsibilities established in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (the 2012 act) but lacks certain elements of effective internal controls. FirstNet is charged with the complex and challenging task of establishing a new, nationwide, wireless broadband network for public safety entities, in co...
Public Safety Communications: Preliminary Information on FirstNet's Efforts to Establish a Nationwide Broadband Network
GAO-15-380T: Published: Mar 11, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2015.
GAO's ongoing work has found that the First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet) has made progress carrying out the responsibilities established in the 2012 Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act (the 2012 act) but lacks certain elements of effective internal controls. FirstNet has made progress establishing an organizational structure, planning the nationwide public-safety broadband netwo...
Spectrum Management: FCC's Use and Enforcement of Buildout Requirements
GAO-14-236: Published: Feb 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2014.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has established buildout requirements—which require a licensee to build the necessary infrastructure and put the assigned spectrum to use within a set amount of time—for most wireless services, including cellular and personal communication services. FCC tailors the buildout requirements it sets for a wireless service based on the physical characteris...
Spectrum Management: Preliminary Findings on Federal Relocation Costs and Auction Revenues
GAO-13-563T: Published: Apr 24, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2013.
Actual costs to relocate federal users from the 1710-1755 megahertz (MHz) band have exceeded the original $1 billion estimate by about $474 million as of March 2013, although auction revenues appear to exceed relocation costs by over $5 billion. Actual relocation costs exceed estimated costs for various reasons, including unforeseen challenges and some agencies not following the National Telecommu...
Spectrum Management: Federal Government's Use of Spectrum and Preliminary Information on Spectrum Sharing
GAO-12-1018T: Published: Sep 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2012.
The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is responsible for governmentwide federal spectrum management, but GAO reported in 2011 that NTIAs efforts in this area had been limited. In 2003, the President directed NTIA to develop plans identifying federal and nonfederal spectrum needs, and in 2008, NTIA issued the federal plan. GAO found it did not identify governme...
Commercial Spectrum: Plans and Actions to Meet Future Needs, Including Continued Use of Auctions
GAO-12-118: Published: Nov 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 2011.
Since 1994, FCC has made over 520 megahertz (a measure of quantity) of spectrum available for new uses, such as wireless broadband, through a process that can be lengthy. Because most of the usable spectrum in the United States has been allocated to existing uses, FCC must change its rules to move spectrum from an existing use to a new use, a process known as repurposing spectrum. Yet, this proces...