Defense capabilities (1 - 10 of 30 items)
Defense Space Acquisitions: Too Early to Determine If Recent Changes Will Resolve Persistent Fragmentation in Management and Oversight
GAO-16-592R: Published: Jul 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2016.
National security space leadership responsibilities are fragmented across approximately 60 stakeholder organizations within the Department of Defense (DOD), the Executive Office of the President, the Intelligence Community, and civilian agencies. Officials and experts generally said that no one seems to be in charge of space acquisitions. According to officials and experts, DOD space acquisitions...
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Assessing Data on Worldwide Launch Market to Inform New Acquisition Strategy
GAO-16-661R: Published: Jul 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2016.
Five countries outside of the United States have operational space launch capabilities: the European Union, Russia, India, Japan, and China. Most of these countries each primarily depend on a single launch provider for launches of a specific capability within their country to meet their civil government and military launch requirements. The United States is unique in that it relies on more than tw...
Space Acquisitions: Challenges Facing DOD as it Changes Approaches to Space Acquisitions
GAO-16-471T: Published: Mar 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 2016.
Most major space programs have experienced significant cost and schedule increases. For instance, program costs for the Advanced Extremely High Frequency satellite program, a protected satellite communications system, have grown 116 percent as of our latest review, and its first satellite was launched more than 3 years late. For the Space Based Infrared System High, a missile warning satellite pro...
DOD Space Systems: Additional Knowledge Would Better Support Decisions about Disaggregating Large Satellites
GAO-15-7: Published: Oct 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2014.
It is not yet known whether and to what degree disaggregation can help the Department of Defense (DOD) reduce acquisition costs and increase the resilience of its satellite systems. Experts GAO spoke with identified an array of benefits and limitations. For example, acquiring smaller, less complex satellites may require less time and effort to develop and produce. On the other hand, a larger numbe...
Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report
GAO-14-287R: Published: Jan 13, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 2014.
On October 11, 2013, DOD submitted to the congressional defense committees the OPIR Technology report. Upon reviewing the report, we determined that the OPIR report was comprehensive and appropriately identified its limitations. In particular, DOD, in consultation with the IC, provided a description of (1) the plan and budget for current and next generation OPIR systems and (2) OPIR technology req...
Global Positioning System: A Comprehensive Assessment of Potential Options and Related Costs is Needed
GAO-13-729: Published: Sep 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2013.
GAO found the Air Force, the military branch responsible for Global Positioning System (GPS) acquisition, in its report on Lower Cost Solutions for Providing Global Positioning System Capability, broadly addressed all four congressional requirements--system capability, implementation approaches, technical and programmatic risks, and estimated costs--for each option presented for the space segment...
Space Acquisitions: DOD Is Overcoming Long-Standing Problems, but Faces Challenges to Ensuring Its Investments Are Optimized
GAO-13-508T: Published: Apr 24, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2013.
Most of the Department of Defense's (DOD) major satellite programs are in mature phases of development, that is, the initial satellites have been designed, fabricated, and launched into orbit while additional satellites of the same design are being produced. For the portfolio of major satellite programs, new cost and schedule growth is not as widespread as it was in prior years, but DOD is still e...
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Needs to Ensure New Acquisition Strategy is Based on Sufficient Information
GAO-11-641: Published: Sep 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2011.
The Department of Defense (DOD) and the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) plan to spend about $15 billion for launch services from fiscal year 2013 to fiscal year 2017 through DOD's Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program. The program launches satellites for military, intelligence, civil, and commercial customers. In 2009, DOD and the NRO decided the program's business model needed imp...
Defense Acquisitions: Challenges in Aligning Space System Components
GAO-10-55: Published: Oct 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2009.
The Department of Defense (DOD) expects to spend more than $50 billion to develop and procure eight major space systems. Typically, the systems have two main components: satellites and ground control systems. Some also have a third component--user terminals--that can allow access from remote locations. If the delivery of these three components is not synchronized, there can be delays in providing...
Space Acquisitions: Government and Industry Partners Face Substantial Challenges in Developing New DOD Space Systems
GAO-09-648T: Published: Apr 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2009.
Despite a growing investment in space, the majority of large-scale acquisition programs in the Department of Defense's (DOD) space portfolio have experienced problems during the past two decades that have driven up cost and schedules and increased technical risks. The cost resulting from acquisition problems along with the ambitious nature of space programs have resulted in cancellations of progra...