Research programs (31 - 40 of 77 items)
Federal Research: NIH and EPA Need to Improve Conflict of Interest Reviews for Research Arrangements with Private Sector Entities
GAO-05-191: Published: Feb 25, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2005.
An institute at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and an office in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) entered into collaborative arrangements with the American Chemistry Council (ACC) to support research on the health effects of chemical exposures. NIH accepted a gift from ACC to help fund the research. EPA and ACC funded their proposals separately. The arrangements raised concerns ab...
Federal Research: Information on DOE's Laboratory-Directed R&D Program
GAO-04-489: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2004.
The Department of Energy's (DOE) contractor-operated laboratories perform mission-related research and development (R&D) for DOE and other federal agencies. In 1992, DOE established the Laboratory- Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program, under which laboratory directors may allocate funding to scientists to conduct worthy independent research. DOE allows participating laboratories to sup...
National Laboratories: Better Performance Reporting Could Aid Oversight of Laboratory-Directed R&D Program
GAO-01-927: Published: Sep 28, 2001. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2001.
The Department of Energy (DOE) created the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program in fiscal year 1992. This program formalized a long-standing policy of giving its multi-program national laboratories discretion to conduct self-initiated, independent research and development (R&D). Since then, DOE's multi-program national laboratories have spent more than $2 billion on LDRD pro...
Federal Research: DOE Is Providing Independent Review of the Scientific Merit of Its Research
RCED-00-109: Published: Apr 25, 2000. Publicly Released: May 30, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Department of Energy's (DOE) merit review practices, focusing on: (1) what procedures DOE has established for performing merit reviews; and (2) whether DOE could document that it has followed the merit review procedures it has established.GAO noted that: (1) both the Office of Basic Energy Sciences and the Office of Power Technol...
National Institute of Standards and Technology: Carryover Balances for the Advanced Technology Program
RCED-00-71R: Published: Mar 2, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the carry over balances in the Department of Commerce's Advanced Technology Program (ATP), focusing on: (1) balances in the program for fiscal years 1995 through 1999; and (2) any balances that might exist at the end of fiscal year (FY) 2000 that could be used as offsets for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) p...
Federal Research: Information on International Science and Technology Agreements
RCED-99-108: Published: Apr 22, 1999. Publicly Released: May 26, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the U.S. government's international science and technology (S&T) agreements that support and encourage international cooperation in research and development, focusing on the: (1) number of international S&T agreements active during fiscal year (FY) 1997; and (2) number of these agreements that resulted in research projects or other a...
Federal Research: Peer Review Practices at Federal Science Agencies Vary
RCED-99-99: Published: Mar 17, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO studied the peer review and other quality assurance processes that federal agencies use in conducting scientific research and development, focusing on: (1) defining what is meant by peer review; (2) describing the federal government's peer review policy; (3) describing the peer review practices of 12 federal agencies that conduct scientific research; (4) de...
Federal Research: Challenges to Implementing the Advanced Technology Program
RCED/OCE-98-83R: Published: Mar 2, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST) administration of the Advanced Technology Program (ATP) under recently revised regulations.GAO noted that: (1) the ATP program's recently revised regulations appear to be more closely tied to addressing the underlying economics of market failure than they have been in the past; (2) for...
Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Technology Transfer Program
T-RCED-97-230: Published: Sep 4, 1997. Publicly Released: Sep 4, 1997.
GAO discussed the results of its review of the first-year implementation of the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Program, focusing on: (1) the effect of STTR on the Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR); and (2) the need for the STTR program.GAO noted that: (1) while agency officials expressed differing views on the effect of and the need for the STTR Program, all of the offic...
Federal Research: The Small Business Technology Transfer Program
T-RCED-97-157: Published: May 22, 1997. Publicly Released: May 22, 1997.
GAO discussed its review of the first-year implementation of the Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Pilot Program.GAO noted that: (1) federal agencies rated the quality and commercial potential of STTR research proposals favorably in the first year of the program; (2) technical experts generally concluded that the proposals called for high-quality research; (3) as one example, the Departmen...