Small business (1 - 10 of 11 items)
Small Business Innovation Research: SBA Should Work with Agencies to Improve the Data Available for Program Evaluation
GAO-11-698: Published: Aug 15, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2011.
Federal agencies with a budget of at least $100 million for research and development (R&D) conducted by others must participate in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. SBIR has four purposes: meet federal R&D needs; stimulate technological innovation; increase commercialization (e.g., sales) of innovations based on federal R&D; and encourage participation in innovation by small b...
Small Business Innovation Research: Observations on Agencies' Data Collection and Eligibility Determination Efforts
GAO-09-956T: Published: Aug 6, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 6, 2009.
The Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 established the Small Business Innovation Research program (SBIR) to stimulate technological innovation, use small businesses to meet federal research and development (R&D) needs, foster and encourage participation by minority and disadvantaged persons in technological innovation, and increase private sector commercialization of innovations der...
Science and Technology: Information on Federal Programs and Interagency Efforts That Support Small Businesses Engaged in Manufacturing
GAO-07-714: Published: May 18, 2007. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2007.
Small businesses engaged in manufacturing, typically those with 500 or fewer employees, comprise about 90 percent of all U.S. manufacturers and employ 6 million workers. Recent studies have shown that small manufacturing businesses face a number of challenges in their efforts to remain competitive, including the inability to obtain operating and investment capital, a lack of familiarity with new b...
Small Business Innovation Research: Agencies Need to Strengthen Efforts to Improve the Completeness, Consistency, and Accuracy of Awards Data
GAO-07-38: Published: Oct 19, 2006. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2006.
The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program was created to increase the use of small businesses to meet federal research needs and commercialize the results of this research. To monitor the program, the Small Business Administration (SBA) requires participating agencies to provide, in a standard format, specific data on all SBIR awards they make. SBA then compiles these data into a datab...
Federal Research: Observations on the Small Business Innovation Research Program
GAO-05-861T: Published: Jun 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2005.
Since it was established in 1982, GAO has consistently reported on the success of the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program in benefiting small, innovative companies, strengthening their role in federal research and development (R&D), and helping federal agencies achieve their R&D goals. However, through these reviews GAO has also identified areas where action by participating agencies...
Federal Research: Interim Report on the Pilot Technology Access Program
RCED-94-75: Published: Mar 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 1994.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the Pilot Technology Access Program (TAPP), which provides small businesses with technical and business information and expertise that they may not be aware of or able to afford, focusing on the program's status, implementation, and evaluation.GAO found that: (1) while the Small Business Administration (SBA) provides TAPP funding,...
Federal Research: Small Business Innovation Research Participants Give Program High Marks
RCED-87-161BR: Published: Jul 27, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 1987.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on firms participating in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, focusing on: (1) the characteristics of SBIR recipient firms; (2) the effects of SBIR on firms' operations and products; and (3) firms' perceptions of program administration.GAO found that: (1) firms less than 8 years old undertook more than 50 percent of...
Implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982
128369: Nov 6, 1985
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the implementation of the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 to assess program coordination, monitoring, and congressional reporting activities of the Small Business Administration (SBA) and the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). GAO noted that agencies must spend specified percentages of their extramural funds on small...
Comments on S. 881 and GAO Report on Small-Business Innovation Initiatives
115776: Jul 15, 1981
Comments were presented on a GAO report on small business innovation and S. 881. The study of small business innovation addresses the conditions that GAO found necessary for small-business innovation to flourish. It is clear from the analysis that small businesses are important contributors to the innovation process in the United States. The GAO objective was to construct a comprehensive picture o...
Consistent Criteria Are Needed To Assess Small-Business Innovation Initiatives
PAD-81-15: Published: Jul 7, 1981. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 1981.
The small-business community has voiced concern that the ability of small businesses to be active in innovation is inhibited by a number of federal policies. Congress has responded with legislation that addresses both the question of declining industrial innovation and the issue of the ability of small businesses to be innovative. GAO developed a comprehensive picture of small-business innovation...