Federal agencies (61 - 70 of 78 items)
University Funding: Assessing Federal Funding Mechanisms for University Research
RCED-86-75: Published: Feb 7, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO assessed the role and impact of different funding mechanisms on university scientific research, specifically whether: (1) particular funding mechanisms played a role in helping universities improve program quality; and (2) individual project grants and center grants had differing effects on research performance.GAO studied five universities, whose resear...
Federal Agencies' Policies and Practices Are in Accordance With Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980
RCED-85-94: Published: Aug 29, 1985. Publicly Released: Aug 29, 1985.
As required by the Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980, GAO reviewed federal agency actions to implement the act's guidelines which establish a uniform patent policy for assigning titles to inventions of small businesses and nonprofit organizations under federally sponsored research projects. In 1983, the President directed federal agencies, to the extent permitted by laws, to adopt the same p...
Opportunities and Constraints for Expanding Use of Research Facilities at the National Bureau of Standards
RCED-85-55: Published: Mar 1, 1985. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the utilization and elimination of selected facilities at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) to determine: (1) how NBS is using the facilities; (2) the opportunities and constraints to increasing their use; and (3) why facilities have been eliminated.GAO found that most of the NBS research facilities are used predominantly by NBS personnel a...
Outlook for Expanding the Federal Research in Progress System
RCED-85-15: Published: Oct 22, 1984. Publicly Released: Nov 21, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO conducted a study of the National Technical Information Service's (NTIS) Federal Research In Progress System (FEDRIP) to determine how the information systems of major federal research and development (R&D) agencies related to FEDRIP, and to provide information on how the Japanese and European governments promote the availability of this type of informat...
Survey To Identify Models Used by Executive Agencies in the Policymaking Process
PAD-82-46: Published: Sep 24, 1982. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 1982.
In response to a congressional request, GAO processed and analyzed the results of a congressional questionnaire sent to 43 departments, agencies, and other Federal entities to determine the nature and number of major computer models being used by Federal agencies in the policymaking process.Based on the agencies' responses, 357 models were identified. The number of models reported in use range fro...
Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 Set the Stage for Uniform Patent Practice by Federal Agencies
PAD-82-32: Published: May 20, 1982. Publicly Released: May 20, 1982.
As required by the Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980, GAO reviewed the actions taken by Federal agencies to implement the Act's guidelines which establish a uniform policy for assigning titles to inventions by small businesses or nonprofit contractors during Government-sponsored research. Under the provisions of the Act, GAO is responsible for monitoring how well the guidelines are being ena...
Multiyear Authorizations for Research and Development
PAD-81-61: Published: Jun 3, 1981. Publicly Released: Jun 3, 1981.
During the 96th Congress, the House and Senate addressed the need for a multiyear authorization cycle for research and development (R&D). GAO has testified and provided written comments to Congress on several occasions in support of such a cycle.GAO believes that implementing a multiyear R&D authorization process could help alleviate the pressures caused by an annual authorization cycle, provide a...
Reporting of Federal Funds for Research and Development
PSAD-78-133: Published: Aug 9, 1978. Publicly Released: Aug 9, 1978.
Annually, the National Science Foundation (NSF) gathers data from federal agencies on their research and development support. The reporting procedures of four agencies responsible for over 85 percent of the federal research and development funds included in NSF reports were reviewed for 1976 (the completed year), 1977 (the current year), and 1978 (the budget year). The overall totals were found to...
Energy Research and Development Administration's Accounting System for Accounts Receivable
FGMSD-77-25: Published: Jun 22, 1977. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 1977.
The Energy Research and Development Administration's (ERDA) accounting system for accounts receivable, including related billing and collection procedures, was reviewed at the Oak Ridge, Tennessee, field office. The review was limited to the accounting systems of the Oak Ridge Operations and its major contractor, Union Carbide Corporation, Nuclear Division.The accounting, billing, and collection s...
Social Research and Development of Limited Use to National Policymakers
HRD-77-34: Published: Apr 4, 1977. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 1977.
Federally-supported social research and development (R&D) includes projects directed toward improving the well-being of people and programs in the areas of: education, staffing, health, income security, social services, housing and community development, civil rights, transportation, and crime. Social R&D projects are intended to provide knowledge for policymakers in developing national social pol...