Pensions (1 - 10 of 26 items)
Retirement Security: Shorter Life Expectancy Reduces Projected Lifetime Benefits for Lower Earners
GAO-16-354: Published: Mar 25, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2016.
The increase in average life expectancy for older adults in the United States contributes to challenges for retirement planning by the government, employers, and individuals. Social Security retirement benefits and traditional defined benefit (DB) pension plans, both key sources of retirement income that promise lifetime benefits, are now required to make payments to retirees for an increasing num...
Retirement Income: Ensuring Income throughout Retirement Requires Difficult Choices
GAO-11-400: Published: Jun 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 2011.
As life expectancy increases, the risk that retirees will outlive their assets is a growing challenge. The shift from defined benefit (DB) pension plans to defined contribution (DC) plans also increases the responsibility for workers and retirees to make difficult decisions and manage their pension and other financial assets so that they have income throughout retirement. GAO was asked to review (...
Social Security: Issues Regarding the Coverage of Public Employees
GAO-08-248T: Published: Nov 6, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 2007.
Social Security covers about 96 percent of all U.S. workers; the vast majority of the remaining 4 percent are public employees. Although these noncovered workers do not pay Social Security taxes on their government earnings, they may still be eligible for Social Security benefits through their spouses' or their own earnings from other covered employment. Social Security has provisions--the Governm...
Retirement Decisions: Federal Policies Offer Mixed Signals about When to Retire
GAO-07-753: Published: Jul 11, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 2007.
While many factors influence workers' decisions to retire, Social Security, Medicare, and pension laws also play a role, offering incentives to retire earlier and later. Identifying these incentives and how workers respond can help policy makers address the demographic challenges facing the nation. GAO assessed (1) the incentives federal policies provide about when to retire, (2) recent retirement...
Social Security Reform: Implications of Different Indexing Choices
GAO-06-804: Published: Sep 14, 2006. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2006.
The financing shortfall currently facing the Social Security program is significant. Without remedial action, program trust funds will be exhausted in 2040. Many recent reform proposals have included modifications of the indexing currently used in the Social Security program. Indexing is a way to link the growth of benefits and/or revenues to changes in an economic or demographic variable. Given t...
Social Security Reform: Other Countries' Experiences Provide Lessons for the United States
GAO-06-126: Published: Oct 21, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2005.
Many countries, including the United States, are grappling with demographic change and its effect on their national pension systems. With rising longevity and declining birthrates, the number of workers for each retiree is falling in most developed countries, straining the finances of national pension programs, particularly where contributions from current workers fund payments to current benefici...
Social Security Reform: Preliminary Lessons from Other Countries' Experiences
GAO-05-810T: Published: Jun 16, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2005.
Many countries, including the United States, are grappling with demographic change and its effect on their national pension systems. The number of workers for each retiree is falling in most developed countries, straining the finances of national pension programs, particularly where contributions from current workers fund payments to current beneficiaries--known as a "pay-as-you-go" (PAYG) system...
Social Security: Coverage of Public Employees and Implications for Reform
GAO-05-786T: Published: Jun 9, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2005.
Social Security covers about 96 percent of all U.S. workers; the vast majority of the rest are state, local, and federal government employees. While these noncovered workers do not pay Social Security taxes on their government earnings, they may still be eligible for Social Security benefits. This poses difficult issues of fairness, and Social Security has provisions that attempt to address those...
Social Security Reform: Information on Using a Voluntary Approach to Individual Accounts
GAO-03-309: Published: Mar 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 2003.
Many proposals have been offered to restructure the U.S. Social Security system to include individual retirement savings accounts. However, some key proposals would make participation in the accounts voluntary rather than mandatory. While any individual account plan can offer a variety of choices regarding contributions, investments, and withdrawals, the choice of whether or not to participate is...
Private Pensions: Improving Worker Coverage and Benefits
GAO-02-225: Published: Apr 9, 2002. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 2002.
Although pensions are an important source of income for many retirees, millions of workers lack individual pension coverage. Only half of the nation's workers have been covered by private employer-sponsored pensions since the 1970s. Traditional reforms to the voluntary, single-employer-based pension system have limited potential to expand pension coverage and improve worker benefits. These pension...