Defense economic analysis (1 - 10 of 135 items)
Defense Headquarters: Improved Data Needed to Better Identify Streamlining and Cost Savings Opportunities by Function
GAO-16-286: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2016.
Since 2014, and in part to respond to congressional direction, the Department of Defense (DOD) has undertaken initiatives intended to improve the efficiency of headquarters organizations and identify related cost savings, but it is unclear to what extent these initiatives will help the department achieve the potential savings it has identified. In a 2015 review of its six business processes, DOD i...
Army Planning: Comprehensive Risk Assessment Needed for Planned Changes to the Army's Force Structure
GAO-16-327: Published: Apr 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 13, 2016.
The Army prioritized retaining combat units, such as brigade combat teams (BCT) and combat aviation brigades, when planning to reduce its end strength to 980,000 soldiers, and as a result plans to eliminate proportionately more positions from its support (or “enabler”) units, such as military police and transportation units. The Army's force planning process seeks to link strategy to force str...
DOD Service Acquisition: Improved Use of Available Data Needed to Better Manage and Forecast Service Contract Requirements
GAO-16-119: Published: Feb 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 18, 2016.
Over the last 5 years, the Department of Defense (DOD) consistently obligated more on services than products. These obligations are significant. For example, in 2014 alone, DOD obligated $85 billion on its three largest types of services—knowledge-based, research and development, and facility-related services. This amount was more than double the amount DOD obligated for aircraft, land vehicles...
Civilian and Contractor Workforces: Complete Information Needed to Assess DOD's Progress for Reductions and Associated Savings
GAO-16-172: Published: Dec 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 2015.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) September 2014 and February 2015 reports did not fully address most statutory requirements identified in section 955 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal year 2013. Specifically, DOD partially addressed three statutory requirements and did not address three statutory requirements. For example, DOD's September 2014 report to Congress partiall...
DOD Operational Testing: Oversight Has Resulted in Few Significant Disputes and Limited Program Cost and Schedule Increases
GAO-15-503: Published: Jun 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2015.
The Director, Operational Test and Evaluation (DOT&E) provided oversight for 454 Department of Defense (DOD) acquisition programs from fiscal years 2010-2014. Military service officials identified 42 programs from that period that they believed had significant disputes with DOT&E over operational testing—that is, disputes that may have led to cost and schedule impacts for programs. Operational t...
Defense Inventory: Services Generally Have Reduced Excess Inventory, but Additional Actions Are Needed
GAO-15-350: Published: Apr 20, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 20, 2015.
The Navy and Air Force reported meeting the Department of Defense's (DOD) goal of reducing on-hand excess inventory (i.e., items categorized for potential reuse or disposal) to 10 percent of the total value of inventory, but the Army had not met the goal, as of March 2014. Reporting issues hinder full visibility of on-hand excess inventory and progress against DOD's goal. For example,the Army's ca...
DOD Business Systems Modernization: Additional Enhancements Are Needed for Army Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates to Fully Meet Best Practices
GAO-14-470: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2014.
The Army made some improvements to its schedule and cost estimates that supported the December 2012 full deployment decision for the Global Combat Support System-Army (GCSS-Army); however, the schedule and cost estimates did not fully meet best practices. GAO found that the schedule substantially met the credibility and control characteristics for developing a high-quality and reliable schedule. F...
Defense Headquarters: DOD Needs to Reevaluate Its Approach for Managing Resources Devoted to the Functional Combatant Commands
GAO-14-439: Published: Jun 26, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 2014.
GAO analysis of the resources devoted to the Department of Defense's (DOD) functional combatant commands shows substantial increases in authorized positions and costs to support headquarters operations. Specifically, the number of authorized positions across the commands grew from 5,731 in fiscal year 2004 to 10,515 in fiscal year 2013. According to DOD officials, recent and emerging missions...
Defense Acquisitions: Military Services Consistently Held Required Configuration Steering Boards That Actively Reviewed Requirements Changes
GAO-14-466R: Published: May 5, 2014. Publicly Released: May 5, 2014.
In 2013, the military services held a Configuration Steering Board (CSB) to review requirements or technical configuration changes for 77 of 79 current major defense acquisition programs required to hold one by statute, approximately 97 percent. Major defense acquisition programs are those programs whose estimates exceed certain statutory dollar values as adjusted by the Department of Defense (DOD...
Human Capital: Opportunities Exist to Further Improve DOD's Methodology for Estimating the Costs of Its Workforces
GAO-13-792: Published: Sep 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2013.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has improved its methodology for estimating and comparing the full cost to the taxpayer of work performed by military and civilian personnel and contractor support, but the methodology continues to have certain limitations. Best practices state that cost estimating rules should include a common set of standards that minimize conflicts in definitions, but DOD's metho...