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National Defense (121 - 130 of 7,538 items)
Rare Earth Materials: Developing a Comprehensive Approach Could Help DOD Better Manage National Security Risks in the Supply Chain
GAO-16-161: Published: Feb 11, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2016.
Three Department of Defense (DOD) offices have identified certain rare earth materials (rare earths) as critical for some defense applications, such as lasers, but DOD has not taken a comprehensive, department-wide approach to identifying which rare earths, if any, are critical to national security. Specifically, DOD offices have not yet agreed on what constitutes “critical” rare earths. Using...
DOD and Coast Guard: Actions Needed to Increase Oversight and Management Information on Hazing Incidents Involving Servicemembers
GAO-16-226: Published: Feb 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 9, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD), including each of the military services, and the Coast Guard have issued policies to address hazing, but generally do not know the extent to which their policies have been implemented. The military services' and Coast Guard's policies define hazing similarly to DOD and include servicemember training requirements. The military service and Coast Guard policies also c...
Nuclear Weapons: NNSA Has a New Approach to Managing the B61-12 Life Extension, but a Constrained Schedule and Other Risks Remain
GAO-16-218: Published: Feb 4, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 2016.
The B61-12 life extension program's (LEP) managers have developed a management approach that officials from the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and the Department of Defense (DOD) regard as improved over the management approach used for past LEPs, which experienced schedule delays and cost overruns. Among other things, the B61-12 LEP is the first LEP to...
Defense Infrastructure: Energy Conservation Investment Program Needs Improved Reporting, Measurement, and Guidance
GAO-16-162: Published: Jan 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) collects information on how Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) projects are expected to perform when operational, including anticipated returns on investment and energy or water savings. While DOD annually notifies congressional committees of proposed ECIP projects and includes some of this performance information with the notification, it does not do so...
Excess Personal Property: DOD Should Further Reassess the Priorities of Its Disposal Process
GAO-16-44: Published: Jan 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 2016.
Disposing of Department of Defense (DOD) property that is excess to a military service's needs is a multi-stage process, executed by the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). The process includes a 42-day period during which potential recipients may screen, request, and obtain excess property at the stages in which they are eligible to do so (see figure). First, usable property may be reutilized within...
Army Contracting: Training and Guidance Needed to Ensure Appropriate Use of the Option to Extend Services Clause
GAO-16-262R: Published: Jan 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 28, 2016.
GAO found that contracting officials at the Army Contracting Command-Redstone Arsenal improperly used the option to extend services clause by extending three of five contracts reviewed for periods longer than 6 months. When included in a contract, the Federal Acquisition Regulation's (FAR) option to extend services clause allows contracting officers to extend a contract more than once as long as t...
Defense Infrastructure: Improvement Needed in Energy Reporting and Security Funding at Installations with Limited Connectivity
GAO-16-164: Published: Jan 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) fiscal year 2013 Annual Energy Management Report (Energy Report) addressed some of the required reporting elements and correctly incorporated data from the military services and defense agencies. However, the report is not fully reliable because the data were captured and reported using different methods, hindering comparability across the department. Specifically...
Federal Research Opportunities: DOE, DOD, and HHS Need Better Guidance for Participant Activities
GAO-16-128: Published: Jan 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 20, 2016.
For fiscal years 2010 through 2014, the 11 departments and other federal agencies that sponsor research participants collectively expended $776.4 million for activities carried out through the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) research participation program (ORISE program). The three agencies with the highest expenditures for the program over the 5-year period were the Departme...
Defense Infrastructure: DOD Efforts Regarding Net Zero Goals
GAO-16-153R: Published: Jan 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has not established an integrated net zero strategy or policy for achieving net zero. Achieving net zero within DOD generally means producing as much energy from renewable energy sources as is consumed by an installation, limiting the consumption of water in order to not deplete the local watershed, and reducing, reusing, and recovering waste streams to add zero was...
National Security Cutter: Enhanced Oversight Needed to Ensure Problems Discovered during Testing and Operations Are Addressed
GAO-16-148: Published: Jan 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2016.
The U.S. Navy, the Coast Guard's independent test agent, completed initial testing for the National Security Cutter (NSC) in April 2014 and rated the NSC as operationally effective and suitable. Still, testing revealed 10 major deficiencies (some are shown in figure). Initial testing is an event designed to verify performance of critical systems to ensure assets are capable of meeting mission requ...