Strategic planning (21 - 30 of 53 items)
Privacy: Alternatives Exist for Enhancing Protection of Personally Identifiable Information
GAO-08-536: Published: May 19, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2008.
The centerpiece of the federal government's legal framework for privacy protection, the Privacy Act of 1974, provides safeguards for information maintained by federal agencies. In addition, the E-Government Act of 2002 requires federal agencies to conduct privacy impact assessments for systems or collections containing personal information. GAO was asked to determine whether laws and guidance cons...
Privacy: Congress Should Consider Alternatives for Strengthening Protection of Personally Identifiable Information
GAO-08-795T: Published: Jun 18, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2008.
Concerns have been raised about the privacy and security of personal information in light of advances in information technology and the increasingly sophisticated ways in which the government obtains and uses information. Federal agencies' use of personal information is governed by the Privacy Act of 1974 and the E-Government Act of 2002, while the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provides im...
Intellectual Property: Leadership and Accountability Needed to Strengthen Federal Protection and Enforcement
GAO-08-921T: Published: Jun 17, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2008.
U.S. government efforts to protect and enforce intellectual property (IP) rights domestically and overseas are crucial to preventing billions of dollars in losses to U.S. industry and IP rights owners. The illegal importation and distribution of IP-infringing goods also poses a threat to the health and safety of U.S. citizens. However, the challenges involved in IP protection are significant and r...
Personnel Clearances: Key Factors for Reforming the Security Clearance Process
GAO-08-776T: Published: May 22, 2008. Publicly Released: May 22, 2008.
Since 1974, GAO has examined personnel security clearance processes and acquired a historical view of key factors to consider in reform efforts. GAO placed the Department of Defense's (DOD) personnel security clearance program, which represents 80 percent of federal government clearances, on its high-risk list in 2005 due to long-standing problems. These problems include incomplete investigative r...
Traffic Safety: Improved Reporting and Performance Measures Would Enhance Evaluation of High-Visibility Campaigns
GAO-08-477: Published: Apr 25, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2008.
Two primary risk behaviors related to fatal traffic crashes are failure to use safety belts and driving while impaired by alcohol. High-visibility enforcement (HVE) campaigns that combine enforcement of a traffic safety law with media to inform the public about the campaign are effective in reducing these behaviors. In 2005, the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A L...
Defense Business Transformation: Sustaining Progress Requires Continuity of Leadership and an Integrated Approach
GAO-08-462T: Published: Feb 7, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2008.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has stewardship over an unprecedented amount of taxpayer money--with about $546 billion in discretionary budget authority provided thus far in fiscal year 2008, and total reported obligations of about $492 billion to support ongoing operations and activities related to the Global War on Terrorism from September 11, 2001, through September 2007. Meanwhile, DOD is sol...
Organizational Transformation: Implementing Chief Operating Officer/Chief Management Officer Positions in Federal Agencies
GAO-08-34: Published: Nov 1, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2007.
Agencies across the federal government are embarking on large-scale organizational transformations to address 21st century challenges. One proposed approach to address systemic federal governance and management challenges involves the creation of a senior-level position--a chief operating officer (COO)/chief management officer (CMO)--in selected federal agencies to help elevate, integrate, and ins...
Critical Infrastructure: Sector Plans Complete and Sector Councils Evolving
GAO-07-1075T: Published: Jul 12, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 2007.
As Hurricane Katrina so forcefully demonstrated, the nation's critical infrastructures--both physical and cyber--have been vulnerable to a wide variety of threats. Because about 85 percent of the nation's critical infrastructure is privately owned, it is vital that public and private stakeholders work together to protect these assets. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is responsible for co...
Personal Information: Data Breaches Are Frequent, but Evidence of Resulting Identity Theft Is Limited; However, the Full Extent Is Unknown
GAO-07-737: Published: Jun 4, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 5, 2007.
In recent years, many entities in the private, public, and government sectors have reported the loss or theft of sensitive personal information. These breaches have raised concerns in part because they can result in identity theft--either account fraud (such as misuse of credit card numbers) or unauthorized creation of new accounts (such as opening a credit card in someone else's name). Many state...
Bankruptcy Reform: Value of Credit Counseling Requirements Is Not Clear
GAO-07-778T: Published: May 1, 2007. Publicly Released: May 1, 2007.
The Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 requires individuals to receive credit counseling before filing for bankruptcy and to take a debtor education course before having debts discharged. Concerns were raised that the new requirements could expose consumers to abusive practices by credit counseling agencies or become barriers to filing for bankruptcy. This testimony is...