Appropriations (21 - 30 of 48 items)
Freight Trucking: Promising Approach for Predicting Carriers' Safety Risks
PEMD-91-13: Published: Apr 4, 1991. Publicly Released: May 6, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on whether certain economic or related factors could be used as predictors of accident rates in the freight-trucking industry.GAO found that: (1) its analysis of data regarding 537 carriers indicated that 7 financial ratios showed promise as predictors of safety problems in the interstate trucking industry, but existing federal database...
Medical Devices: Underreporting of Serious Problems With a Home Apnea Monitor
PEMD-90-17: Published: May 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the number of complaints involving patient deaths associated with an apnea monitor; (2) whether the device's manufacturer complied with Food and Drug Administration (FDA) problem reporting regulations and procedures; and (3) how FDA responded to information that the monitor had been associated with numerous deaths.GAO found that: (1) between J...
U.S. Sentencing Commission: Changes Needed to Improve Effectiveness
T-GGD-90-17: Published: Mar 7, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 1990.
GAO discussed the United States Sentencing Commission's management and operations. GAO noted that the Commission: (1) had not established a plan to guide its efforts after developing sentencing guidelines; (2) did not, until recently, establish clear lines of authority or define a central role for the staff director; (3) experienced vacancies and turnover in key positions, and went without a resea...
Social Security: SSA Could Save Millions by Targeting Reviews of State Disability Decisions
HRD-90-28: Published: Mar 5, 1990. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 1990.
GAO reviewed the Social Security Administration's (SSA) effectiveness in evaluating state disability determination services' (DDS) disability determinations.GAO found that: (1) in 1988, SSA reviews saved an estimated $69 million in disability payments but only corrected about 10.5 percent of erroneous DDS allowances; (2) SSA did not have enough medical personnel to evaluate all the cases that it s...
Customs Service: Acceptance of Centralized Cargo Examinations Varies
GGD-90-24: Published: Dec 22, 1989. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Customs Service's Centralized Examination Stations (CES) Program, which requires importers to take their goods to central locations for Customs examination, focusing on the: (1) perceived program costs and benefits; (2) degree to which the importing community accepted CES; (3) the program's impact on segments of the importing community; and (4)...
Medical Devices: FDA's Implementation of the Medical Device Reporting Regulation
PEMD-89-10: Published: Feb 17, 1989. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) implementation of the medical device reporting (MDR) regulation to: (1) determine the level of information the regulation generated; (2) describe and assess the principal organizational structures and procedures that FDA used to process MDR reports; (3) evaluate FDA analysis and use of MDR data; and (4) r...
1983 Payment-in-Kind Program Overview: Its Design, Impact, and Cost
RCED-85-89: Published: Sep 25, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 1985.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) 1983 Payment-In-Kind (PIK) program to determine the: (1) design and justification of key 1983 PIK program provisions; (2) program's impact and cost; (3) distribution of payments to farmers; and (4) effectiveness of the acquisition and delivery of commodities to farmers.GAO found that: (1) the USDA determination that the $50,000 payment limitation...
GAO's Third Biennial Report on the Transfer of Excess and Surplus Federal Personal Property to Nonfederal Organizations
GGD-85-3: Published: Nov 9, 1984. Publicly Released: Nov 9, 1984.
GAO presented its third biennial report evaluating the operation and impact of an amendment to the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act, which established a single system to distribute surplus federal personal property to nonfederal organizations.GAO found that, since the amendment became effective, a greater proportion of excess federal personal property is being acquired for use with...
Federal Regulation of Medical Devices--Problems Still To Be Overcome
HRD-83-53: Published: Sep 30, 1983. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1983.
GAO discussed the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) efforts to regulate the medical device industry under amendments to the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, which require FDA to: (1) protect the public against unsafe or ineffective new devices gaining entry to the market; (2) review devices on the market before passage of amendments; and (3) classify all devices according to risk and regulate them...
Selling Abandoned Merchandise: How the U.S. Customs Service Could Increase Revenues
GGD-83-79: Published: Sep 30, 1983. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1983.
GAO evaluated the U.S. Customs Service's program for the disposal of merchandise, which was abandoned for more than a year by importers and stored by Customs in public or private warehouses.GAO found that Customs could increase the net sale proceeds of its auctions of abandoned merchandise by revising procedures and strengthening program controls. A review of five auctions showed that: (1) a short...