Program evaluation (91 - 100 of 600 items)
Intellectual Property: Federal Enforcement Has Generally Increased, but Assessing Performance Could Strengthen Law Enforcement Efforts
GAO-08-157: Published: Mar 11, 2008. Publicly Released: Mar 18, 2008.
Federal law enforcement actions against criminals who manufacture and distribute counterfeit and pirated goods are important to enforcing intellectual property (IP) rights and protecting Americans from unsafe or substandard products. GAO was asked to: (1) examine key federal agencies' roles, priorities, and resources devoted to IP-related enforcement; (2) evaluate agencies' IP-related enforcement...
Personnel Clearances: Key Factors to Consider in Efforts to Reform Security Clearance Processes
GAO-08-352T: Published: Feb 27, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2008.
In 2004, Congress passed the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act to reform security clearance processes. Much of GAO's experience in evaluating personnel security clearance processes over the decades has consisted of examining the Department of Defense's (DOD) program, which maintains about 2.5 million clearances on servicemembers, DOD civilian employees, legislative branch employees,...
Limitations in DOD's Evaluation Plan for EEO Complaint Pilot Program Hinder Determination of Pilot Results
GAO-08-387R: Published: Feb 22, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 2008.
In August 2004, pursuant to Section 1111 of the fiscal year 2001 Department of Defense authorization act, the Secretary of Defense authorized components of the United States Air Force (USAF), the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), and the Defense Commissary Agency (DeCA) to implement an equal employment opportunity (EEO) complaint pilot program to reengineer the EEO complaint process to, among other...
Defense Business Transformation: Sustaining Progress Requires Continuity of Leadership and an Integrated Approach
GAO-08-462T: Published: Feb 7, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2008.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has stewardship over an unprecedented amount of taxpayer money--with about $546 billion in discretionary budget authority provided thus far in fiscal year 2008, and total reported obligations of about $492 billion to support ongoing operations and activities related to the Global War on Terrorism from September 11, 2001, through September 2007. Meanwhile, DOD is sol...
Immigration Benefits: Internal Controls for Adjudicating Humanitarian Parole Cases Are Generally Effective, but Some Can Be Strengthened
GAO-08-282: Published: Feb 6, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 6, 2008.
The Immigration and Nationality Act requires that most visitors and immigrants to the United States obtain a visa. Aliens unable to obtain a visa, and with a compelling humanitarian need, may apply to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to be granted humanitarian parole. This permits an alien to enter the United States on a temporary basis. Parole responsibility rests with DHS's Humanitarian...
Convicted Sex Offenders: Factors That Could Affect the Successful Implementation of Driver's License-Related Processes to Encourage Registration and Enhance Monitoring
GAO-08-116: Published: Jan 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2008.
To enhance public safety, all states have laws requiring convicted sex offenders to register with law enforcement authorities. Because ensuring compliance is a challenge, in part because offenders may move frequently, policy makers are considering a role for motor vehicle agencies. In response to section 636 of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006 (the Walsh Act) and as discussed...
Medical Devices: Challenges for FDA in Conducting Manufacturer Inspections
GAO-08-428T: Published: Jan 29, 2008. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 2008.
As part of the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) oversight of the safety and effectiveness of medical devices marketed in the United States, it inspects domestic and foreign establishments where these devices are manufactured. To help FDA address shortcomings in its inspection program, the Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act of 2002 required FDA to accredit third parties to inspect ce...
Observations on Implementing the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative
GAO-08-274R: Published: Dec 20, 2007. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 2008.
Securing the nation's borders has taken on added importance since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. For years, millions of citizens of the United States, Canada, and Bermuda could enter the United States from certain parts of the Western Hemisphere using a wide variety of documents, including a driver's license issued by a state motor vehicle administration or a birth certificate, or in...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Opportunities Exist to Improve Oversight of Self-Regulatory Organizations
GAO-08-33: Published: Nov 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2007.
Self-regulatory organizations (SRO) are exchanges and associations that operate and govern the markets, and that are subject to oversight by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Among other things, SROs monitor the markets, investigate and discipline members involved in improper trading, and make referrals to SEC regarding suspicious trades by nonmembers. For industry self-regulation to f...
Organizational Transformation: Implementing Chief Operating Officer/Chief Management Officer Positions in Federal Agencies
GAO-08-34: Published: Nov 1, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2007.
Agencies across the federal government are embarking on large-scale organizational transformations to address 21st century challenges. One proposed approach to address systemic federal governance and management challenges involves the creation of a senior-level position--a chief operating officer (COO)/chief management officer (CMO)--in selected federal agencies to help elevate, integrate, and ins...