Federal agencies (81 - 90 of 468 items)
Mandate on the Department of Defense's Contract Award Procedures for Directed Spending Items
GAO-09-113R: Published: Nov 19, 2008. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2008.
Section 830 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 directed GAO to compare procedures used for awarding noncompetitive defense contracts for new projects pursuant to (1) congressionally directed spending items or congressional earmarks and (2) the special interests of senior executive branch officials.As communicated with congressional staff in July and August 2008, despite...
Carbon Offsets: The U.S. Voluntary Market Is Growing, but Quality Assurance Poses Challenges for Market Participants
GAO-08-1048: Published: Aug 29, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2008.
Carbon offsets--reductions of greenhouse gas emissions from an activity in one place to compensate for emissions elsewhere--are a way to address climate change by paying someone else to reduce emissions. To be credible, an offset must be additional--it must reduce emissions below the quantity emitted in a business-as-usual scenario--among other criteria. Assessing credibility is inherently challen...
Women's Earnings: Federal Agencies Should Better Monitor Their Performance in Enforcing Anti-Discrimination Laws
GAO-08-799: Published: Aug 11, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2008.
In 2003, GAO found that women, on average, earned 80 percent of what men earned in 2000 and workplace discrimination may be one contributing factor. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the Department of Labor (Labor) enforce several laws intended to prevent gender pay discrimination. GAO examined (1) how EEOC enforces laws addressing gender pay disparities among private sector e...
Assessment of the Explanation That Immigration and Customs Enforcement Provided for Its Subsequent Transfer from the Spectrum Relocation Fund
GAO-08-846R: Published: Sep 9, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2008.
Congress has taken a number of steps to facilitate the deployment of innovative, new commercial wireless services to consumers, including authorizing the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to assign licenses through auctions and requiring more spectrum to be transferred from federal government use to commercial use. In addition, in 2004, Congress passed the Commercial Spectrum Enhancement Act...
Electronic Payments: Many Programs Electronically Disburse Federal Benefits, and More Outreach Could Increase Use
GAO-08-645: Published: Jun 23, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2008.
Traditionally, federal agencies made benefit payments by paper check, but they faced increased pressure to reduce costs and increase the convenience, security, and timeliness of payment delivery. In response to a 1996 congressional mandate, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Stamp Program implemented Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) to distribute food stamps. According to agency evaluation...
Defense Production Act: Agencies Lack Policies and Guidance for Use of Key Authorities
GAO-08-854: Published: Jun 26, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 2008.
Congress enacted the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA) to ensure the availability of industrial resources to meet defense needs. Amendments to the Act allow its use for energy supply, emergency preparedness, and critical infrastructure protection and require agencies to report on foreign offsets, which are incentives to foreign governments to purchase U.S. goods and services. Only Titles I, III...
Privacy: Agencies Should Ensure That Designated Senior Officials Have Oversight of Key Functions
GAO-08-603: Published: May 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2008.
Government agencies have a long-standing obligation under the Privacy Act of 1974 to protect the privacy of individuals about whom they collect personal information. A number of additional laws have been enacted in recent years directing agency heads to designate senior officials as focal points with overall responsibility for privacy. GAO was asked to (1) describe laws and guidance that set requi...
Privacy: Alternatives Exist for Enhancing Protection of Personally Identifiable Information
GAO-08-536: Published: May 19, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2008.
The centerpiece of the federal government's legal framework for privacy protection, the Privacy Act of 1974, provides safeguards for information maintained by federal agencies. In addition, the E-Government Act of 2002 requires federal agencies to conduct privacy impact assessments for systems or collections containing personal information. GAO was asked to determine whether laws and guidance cons...
Privacy: Congress Should Consider Alternatives for Strengthening Protection of Personally Identifiable Information
GAO-08-795T: Published: Jun 18, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2008.
Concerns have been raised about the privacy and security of personal information in light of advances in information technology and the increasingly sophisticated ways in which the government obtains and uses information. Federal agencies' use of personal information is governed by the Privacy Act of 1974 and the E-Government Act of 2002, while the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provides im...
Intellectual Property: Leadership and Accountability Needed to Strengthen Federal Protection and Enforcement
GAO-08-921T: Published: Jun 17, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2008.
U.S. government efforts to protect and enforce intellectual property (IP) rights domestically and overseas are crucial to preventing billions of dollars in losses to U.S. industry and IP rights owners. The illegal importation and distribution of IP-infringing goods also poses a threat to the health and safety of U.S. citizens. However, the challenges involved in IP protection are significant and r...