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Justice and Law Enforcement (111 - 120 of 7,788 items)
Alternatives to Detention: Improved Data Collection and Analyses Needed to Better Assess Program Effectiveness
GAO-15-26: Published: Nov 13, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 2014.
From fiscal year 2011 through fiscal year 2013, the number of aliens who participated in the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's (ICE) Alternatives to Detention (ATD) program increased from 32,065 to 40,864, in part because of increases in either enrollments or the average length of time aliens spent in one of the program's components. For example, during this time period, the number of ali...
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: Risk-Informed Covert Assessments and Oversight of Corrective Actions Could Strengthen Capabilities at the Border
GAO-14-826: Published: Sep 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 2014.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) covert operations provide limited assessment of capabilities to detect and interdict the smuggling of nuclear and radiological materials into the United States. DHS's U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) Operational Field Testing Division (OFTD) conducted 144 covert operations at 86 locations from fiscal years 2006 through 2013, selecting its locat...
Immigration Detention: Additional Actions Needed to Strengthen Management and Oversight of Facility Costs and Standards
GAO-15-153: Published: Oct 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 10, 2014.
Within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) uses two different methods to collect and assess data on detention costs; however, these methods do not provide ICE with complete data for managing detention costs across facilities and facility types. One method uses the agency's financial management system to estimate total detention costs per detain...
Medicaid: Information on Inmate Eligibility and Federal Costs for Allowable Services
GAO-14-752R: Published: Sep 5, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2014.
In 2013, the Medicaid program financed health care services for more than 72 million individuals, and an additional 7 million beneficiaries are expected to enroll in 2014 as a result of states choosing to expand Medicaid eligibility as allowed under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA). Most of these newly eligible individuals will be low-income adults, a population that may incl...
Bureau of Prisons: Information on Efforts and Potential Options to Save Costs
GAO-14-821: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2014.
Correctional services—which includes salaries and benefits for correctional officers—is the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Bureau of Prisons' (BOP) largest operational cost, and BOP has undertaken a number of initiatives to reduce costs. Specifically, on the basis of GAO's analysis of BOP's fiscal year 2013 obligations of approximately $6.6 billion, BOP obligated the largest share—about $3.9...
Unmanned Aerial Systems: Department of Homeland Security's Review of U.S. Customs and Border Protection's Use and Compliance with Privacy and Civil Liberty Laws and Standards
GAO-14-849R: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2014.
In its review of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s (CBP) unmanned aerial systems (UAS) program, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) reported that CBP has an oversight framework and procedures for its UAS program that help ensure its compliance with privacy and civil liberty laws and standards. DHS’s review contains information on CBP procedures on collecting, retaining, storing, a...
Bureau of Prisons: Management of New Prison Activations Can Be Improved
GAO-14-709: Published: Aug 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2014.
The Department of Justice's (DOJ) Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is behind schedule activating all six new institutions—the process by which it prepares them for inmates—and does not have a policy to guide activation or an activation schedule that reflects best practices. BOP is behind schedule, in part, because of challenges, such as staffing, posed by the locations of the activating institu...
Identity Theft: Additional Actions Could Help IRS Combat the Large, Evolving Threat of Refund Fraud
GAO-14-633: Published: Aug 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2014.
Based on preliminary analysis, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) estimates it paid $5.2 billion in fraudulent identity theft (IDT) refunds in filing season 2013, while preventing $24.2 billion (based on what it could detect). The full extent is unknown because of the challenges inherent in detecting IDT refund fraud.IDT refund fraud takes advantage of IRS's “look-back” compliance model. Under...
Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Take Further Actions to Prevent Sexual Assault during Initial Military Training
GAO-14-806: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
The Air Force implemented most recommendations from the 2012 Commander's report intended to better prevent, investigate, and respond to sexual assaults and related misconduct during the Air Force's basic training for new enlisted personnel, but it has not evaluated the effectiveness of its actions. GAO found that as of July 2014, of the 46 recommendations, the Air Force implemented 39, partially i...
Fair Labor Standards Act: Department of Labor Needs a More Systematic Approach to Developing Its Guidance
GAO-14-629T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
Substantial increases occurred over the last decade in the number of civil lawsuits filed in federal district court alleging violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (FLSA). Federal courts in most states experienced increases in the number of FLSA lawsuits filed, but large increases were concentrated in a few states, including Florida and New York. Many factors may contribute...