International relations (1 - 10 of 166 items)
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: U.S. Assistance to Combat This Harmful Practice Abroad Is Limited
GAO-16-485: Published: Apr 27, 2016. Publicly Released: May 19, 2016.
U.S. and United Nations (UN) studies since 2010 have identified a variety of factors contributing to the persistence of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). In many communities where FGM/C is prevalent, FGM/C is an influential social norm that ensures social acceptance and is commonly perceived as a religious obligation. In addition, medicalization of the practice— when it is performed by...
Foreign Assistance: USAID Venture Capital Approach Relies on Evidence of Results but Could Strengthen Collaboration among Similar Programs
GAO-16-142: Published: Dec 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 20, 2016.
From fiscal years 2010 to 2015, the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) Development Innovation Ventures (DIV) program obligated approximately $72.5 million for innovation projects to reduce poverty across a range of sectors, including energy, health, and education. In India, for example, DIV funded intensive learning camps that group children by reading and math abilities rather th...
Water and Sanitation Assistance: USAID Has Increased Strategic Focus but Should Improve Monitoring
GAO-16-81: Published: Oct 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2015.
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) missions in the 9 countries GAO selected for its review reported implementing a variety of water supply, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities in fiscal years 2012 through 2014. WASH activities included capacity building, behavior-change communication, infrastructure construction, technical assistance, policy and governance, and financing. The...
Central America: Improved Evaluation Efforts Could Enhance Agency Programs to Reduce Unaccompanied Child Migration
GAO-15-707: Published: Jul 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2015.
U.S. agencies have sought to address causes of unaccompanied alien child (UAC) migration through recent programs, such as information campaigns to deter migration, developed in response to the migration increase and other long-standing efforts. The recent migration increase was likely triggered, according to U.S. officials, by several emergent factors such as the increased presence and sophisticat...
Combating Terrorism: Strategy to Counter Iran in the Western Hemisphere Has Gaps That State Department Should Address
GAO-14-834: Published: Sep 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2014.
The Department of State (State) uses a variety of mechanisms to collaborate with interagency partners and host governments to address activities of Iran in the Western Hemisphere. In developing the strategy, which includes an Intelligence Community Assessment developed by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), State's Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs worked with other U.S...
Foreign Assistance: USAID Should Update Its Trade Capacity Building Strategy
GAO-14-602: Published: Aug 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014.
The U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) 2003 trade capacity building (TCB) strategy does not directly guide TCB activities, and parts of the strategy no longer reflect the current TCB environment. USAID's TCB activities are primarily guided by country needs and many of these activities are elements of large development projects that have their own objectives. According to USAID, th...
Combating Terrorism: U.S. Efforts in Northwest Africa Would Be Strengthened by Enhanced Program Management
GAO-14-518: Published: Jun 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2014.
Nearly half of the funds allocated for the Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership (TSCTP) since fiscal year 2009 have been disbursed, but TSCTP program managers are unable to readily provide data on the status of these funds. As of late 2013, U.S. agencies reported disbursing nearly $140 million of the approximately $288 million allocated for TSCTP between fiscal years 2009 and 2013. Mali, Maur...
Afghanistan: Changes to Updated U.S. Civil-Military Strategic Framework Reflect Evolving U.S. Role
GAO-14-438R: Published: Apr 1, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 1, 2014.
Although the October 2012 and the August 2013 versions of the U.S. Civil-Military Strategic Framework for Afghanistan have similarities, the two versions differ in several aspects. These differences reflect, among other things, the U.S. government's heightened emphasis on the transition, through the end of 2014, of security responsibility for Afghanistan to Afghan security institutions and the Afg...
Global Food Security: USAID Is Improving Coordination but Needs to Require Systematic Assessments of Country-Level Risks
GAO-13-809: Published: Sep 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2013.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) has made progress in coordinating with U.S. partner agencies through the whole-of-government approach for the Feed the Future (FTF) initiative that began in 2010. According to USAID documents, this approach involves coordination and integration of expertise and resources across U.S. partner agencies with global food security programs. In report...
Global Food Security: USAID Is Improving Coordination but Needs to Require Systematic Assessments of Country-Level Risks (GAO-13-815SP, September 2013), an E-supplement to GAO-13-809
GAO-13-815SP: Published: Sep 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2013.
This e-publication supplements our report, Global Food Security: USAID Is Improving Coordination but Needs to Require Systematic Assessments of Country-Level Risks (GAO-13-809). The purpose of this e-publication is to provide information from our web-based survey of U.S. representatives implementing Feed the Future (FTF) programs in 19 FTF focus countries. The survey asked their perceptions of the...