Trade policies (1 - 10 of 62 items)
Foreign Assistance: USAID Should Update Its Trade Capacity Building Strategy
GAO-14-602: Published: Aug 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014.
The U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID) 2003 trade capacity building (TCB) strategy does not directly guide TCB activities, and parts of the strategy no longer reflect the current TCB environment. USAID's TCB activities are primarily guided by country needs and many of these activities are elements of large development projects that have their own objectives. According to USAID, th...
U.S.-China Trade: Detailed Lists of Commitments in Key Bilateral Dialogues (GAO-14-224SP, February 2014), an E-supplement to GAO-14-102
GAO-14-224SP: Published: Feb 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2014.
This is an E-supplement to GAO-14-102. GAO was asked to prepare an inventory of specific bilateral trade measures that China made as part of the U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade (JCCT) and the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED). This e-supplement presents an inventory of China's trade commitments that we identified and categorized in the bilateral dialogues of the J...
U.S.-China Trade: United States Has Secured Commitments in Key Bilateral Dialogues, but U.S. Agency Reporting on Status Should Be Improved
GAO-14-102: Published: Feb 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2014.
GAO identified 298 trade and investment commitments made by China in the U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade (JCCT)—184 since 2004—and the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED) and its predecessor—114 since 2007. The commitments range from affirmations of open trade principles to sector-specific actions. GAO identified 11 issue areas to characterize the content of e...
Global Manufacturing: Foreign Government Programs Differ in Some Key Respects From Those in the United States
GAO-13-365: Published: Jul 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 26, 2013.
The four countries GAO analyzed--Canada, Germany, Japan, and South Korea--offer a varied mix of programs to support their manufacturing sectors. For example, Canada is shifting emphasis from its primary research and development (R&D) tax credit toward direct support to manufacturers to encourage innovation, particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Germany has established applied in...
Trade Adjustment Assistance: Commerce Program Has Helped Manufacturing and Services Firms, but Measures, Data, and Funding Formula Could Be Enhanced
GAO-13-166T: Published: Nov 14, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2012.
First, we found that the four changes mandated by the 2009 legislation contributed to improvements in program operations and increased participation: (1) Creation of director and other full-time positions: The creation of a director and other full-time positions for the program resulted in reduced firm certification processing times for petitions. (2) New annual reporting on performance measures:...
Earned Import Allowance Program for Haiti
GAO-12-204R: Published: Nov 30, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2011.
The United States has historically provided assistance to support development in Haiti. Over the last several years, Congress has attempted to promote Haiti's economic development through the use of trade preferences for Haitian products. In 2000, Congress extended preferences under the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act to allow for duty-free treatment of apparel through the Caribbean Basin Tr...
Department of Commerce: Office of Manufacturing and Services Could Better Measure and Communicate Its Contributions to Trade Policy
GAO-11-583: Published: Jun 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2011.
Declining U.S. manufacturing has been an issue of continuing concern for policymakers; this was reflected in the Obama Administration's (Administration) 2010 announcement of the National Export Initiative. The Administration has also shown interest in improving the efficiency of the federal support of trade operations. In 2004, the Office of Manufacturing and Services (MAS) was established within...
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: Options for Improving Collection
GAO-11-693T: Published: May 25, 2011. Publicly Released: May 25, 2011.
Since fiscal year 2001, the federal government has been unable to collect over $1 billion in antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duties imposed to remedy injurious, unfair foreign trade practices. These include AD duties imposed on products exported to the United States at unfairly low prices (i.e., dumped) and CV duties on products exported to the United States that were subsidized by foreig...
Export-Import Bank: Reaching New Targets for Environmentally Beneficial Exports Presents Major Challenges for Bank
GAO-10-682: Published: Jul 14, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2010.
The Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) provides financing to support U.S. exports, and its support for environmentally beneficial exports has been of long-standing congressional interest. In fiscal year 2008, Congress directed Ex-Im to allocate 10 percent of its annual financing to renewable energy and environmentally beneficial products and services. For fiscal years 2009 and 2010, it directed Ex-Im to a...
International Trade: Exporters' Use of the Earned Import Allowance Program for Haiti Is Negligible because They Favor Other Trade Provisions
GAO-10-654: Published: Jun 16, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2010.
In 2006, Congress passed the Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement Act (HOPE), giving preferential access to U.S. imports of Haitian apparel. In 2008, Congress amended HOPE (now HOPE II), expanding existing trade preference provisions and creating new ones, including the Earned Import Allowance Program (EIAP). Under the EIAP, for every 3-square- meter equivalents (SME)...