International trade (1 - 10 of 175 items)
U.S.-China Trade: Detailed Lists of Commitments in Key Bilateral Dialogues (GAO-14-224SP, February 2014), an E-supplement to GAO-14-102
GAO-14-224SP: Published: Feb 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2014.
This is an E-supplement to GAO-14-102. GAO was asked to prepare an inventory of specific bilateral trade measures that China made as part of the U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade (JCCT) and the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED). This e-supplement presents an inventory of China's trade commitments that we identified and categorized in the bilateral dialogues of the J...
U.S.-China Trade: United States Has Secured Commitments in Key Bilateral Dialogues, but U.S. Agency Reporting on Status Should Be Improved
GAO-14-102: Published: Feb 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2014.
GAO identified 298 trade and investment commitments made by China in the U.S.-China Joint Commission on Commerce and Trade (JCCT)—184 since 2004—and the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED) and its predecessor—114 since 2007. The commitments range from affirmations of open trade principles to sector-specific actions. GAO identified 11 issue areas to characterize the content of e...
Global Manufacturing: Foreign Government Programs Differ in Some Key Respects From Those in the United States
GAO-13-365: Published: Jul 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 26, 2013.
The four countries GAO analyzed--Canada, Germany, Japan, and South Korea--offer a varied mix of programs to support their manufacturing sectors. For example, Canada is shifting emphasis from its primary research and development (R&D) tax credit toward direct support to manufacturers to encourage innovation, particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Germany has established applied in...
Sub-Saharan Africa: Trends in U.S. and Chinese Economic Engagement
GAO-13-199: Published: Feb 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 2013.
View Chinese version of Highlights (PDF, 1 page).What GAO FoundThe United States and China have emphasized different policies and approaches for their engagement with sub-Saharan Africa. U.S. goals have included strengthening democratic institutions, supporting human rights, using development assistance to improve health and education, and helping sub-Saharan African countries build global trade....
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: Additional DHS Actions Needed on Foreign Worker Permit Program
GAO-12-975: Published: Sep 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2012.
On September 7, 2011, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued a final rule establishing a transitional work permit program in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) for foreign workers not otherwise admissible under federal law. The final rule addressed key requirements of the Consolidated Natural Resources Act of 2008 (CNRA); for example, the rule sets the permit allocat...
Earned Import Allowance Program for Haiti
GAO-12-204R: Published: Nov 30, 2011. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2011.
The United States has historically provided assistance to support development in Haiti. Over the last several years, Congress has attempted to promote Haiti's economic development through the use of trade preferences for Haitian products. In 2000, Congress extended preferences under the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act to allow for duty-free treatment of apparel through the Caribbean Basin Tr...
Antidumping and Countervailing Duties: Options for Improving Collection
GAO-11-693T: Published: May 25, 2011. Publicly Released: May 25, 2011.
Since fiscal year 2001, the federal government has been unable to collect over $1 billion in antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CV) duties imposed to remedy injurious, unfair foreign trade practices. These include AD duties imposed on products exported to the United States at unfairly low prices (i.e., dumped) and CV duties on products exported to the United States that were subsidized by foreig...
Firms Reported in Open Sources to Have Sold Iran Refined Petroleum Products between January 1, 2009, and June 30, 2010
GAO-10-967R: Published: Sep 3, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 2010.
The United States has imposed multiple sanctions against Iran to deter it from developing its nuclear program, supporting terrorism, and abusing human rights. On July 1, 2010, the President signed into law the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act (CISADA) of 2010. CISADA amends the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996 (ISA) to require the President to impose three or more of a po...
Iran Sanctions: New Act Underscores Importance of Comprehensive Assessment of Sanctions' Effectiveness
GAO-10-928T: Published: Jul 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2010.
This testimony discusses our work on the implementation of U.S. sanctions against Iran. It discusses the continuing challenges the United States faces in (1) deterring the illegal transshipment of U.S. goods to Iran, (2) restricting foreign investment in Iran's energy sector, and (3) assessing the overall effectiveness of U.S. sanctions. In addition, it discusses how the Comprehensive Iran Sanctio...
International Trade: Exporters' Use of the Earned Import Allowance Program for Haiti Is Negligible because They Favor Other Trade Provisions
GAO-10-654: Published: Jun 16, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2010.
In 2006, Congress passed the Haitian Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement Act (HOPE), giving preferential access to U.S. imports of Haitian apparel. In 2008, Congress amended HOPE (now HOPE II), expanding existing trade preference provisions and creating new ones, including the Earned Import Allowance Program (EIAP). Under the EIAP, for every 3-square- meter equivalents (SME)...