Developing countries (81 - 90 of 296 items)
Regional Multilateral Development Banks: External Audit Reporting Could Be Expanded
GAO-02-27: Published: Dec 14, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2001.
Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) provide financial support to promote social and economic progress in developing countries and the countries of central and eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Under the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 2001, the United States is providing $1.3 billion to support the MDBs, with $460 million going to the re...
Compact of Free Association: Negotiations Should Address Aid Effectiveness and Accountability and Migrants' Impact on U.S. Areas
GAO-02-270T: Published: Dec 6, 2001. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 2001.
The Compact of Free Association between the United States and the Federated States of Micronesia and the Republic of the Marshall Islands provides direct U.S. economic assistance and extends U.S. domestic programs and federal services to these two Pacific Island nations. The Compact also allows for migration from Micronesia and the Marshall Islands to the United States and establishes U.S. defense...
Global Health: Challenges in Improving Infectious Disease Surveillance Systems
GAO-01-722: Published: Aug 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2001.
According to the World Health Organization, infectious diseases account for more than 13 million deaths every year, including nearly two-thirds of all deaths among children under age 5. Infectious diseases present a substantial threat to people in all parts of the world, and this threat has grown in volume and complexity. New diseases have emerged, others once viewed as declining in significance h...
International Trade: Comparison of U.S. and European Union Preference Programs
GAO-01-647: Published: Jun 8, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2001.
Both the United States and the European Union (EU) began providing trade preferences to eligible developing countries in the early 1970s. These trade preferences, which reduced tariffs and product quotas, are "nonreciprocal," meaning that beneficiaries need not reciprocate with lower tariffs for donor export countries. This report discusses (1) the volume of U.S. and EU nonreciprocal preferential...
Multilateral Development Banks: Profiles of Selected Multilateral Development Banks
GAO-01-665: Published: May 18, 2001. Publicly Released: May 18, 2001.
This report discusses Multilateral Development Banks (MDB), which provide financial support for projects and programs that promote social and economic progress in developing countries. GAO provides (1) summaries of each bank's mission, function, and operations; (2) key bank financial data covering the last three fiscal years; and (3) information on the U.S. investment in capital and voting percent...
Developing Countries: Challenges Confronting Debt Relief and IMF Lending to Poor Countries
GAO-01-745T: Published: May 15, 2001. Publicly Released: May 15, 2001.
The Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative and the International Monetary Fund's concessional (below-market terms) lending facility--the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility--are two multilateral programs intended to help spur economic growth and reduce poverty in low-income countries, most notably countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The HIPC Initiative represents a step forward in the in...
International Monetary Fund: Few Changes Evident in Design of New Lending Program for Poor Countries
GAO-01-581: Published: May 8, 2001. Publicly Released: May 8, 2001.
The effectiveness and appropriateness of the International Monetary Fund's lending programs to poor countries have been widely debated, generally centering on whether the program has improved these countries' economies. In response to some of these concerns and as part of a concerted international effort to reduce poverty, the Fund expanded the goals of its lending program to its poorest members i...
Foreign Assistance: Any Further Aid to Haitian Justice System Should Be Linked to Performance-Related Conditions
GAO-01-24: Published: Oct 17, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 17, 2000.
In 1994, the United States and other countries intervened militarily in Haiti to restore the democratically elected government that had been overthrown by the Haitian military several years earlier. During the last 6 years, the United States provided assistance to help Haiti establish its first civilian-controlled police and improve its judicial system. About $70 million in U.S. assistance helped...
Global Health: Framework for Infectious Disease Surveillance
NSIAD-00-205R: Published: Jul 20, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the global infectious disease surveillance framework, (with particular emphasis on its operations in developing countries), focusing on: (1) functions involved in infectious disease surveillance and response framework.GAO noted that: (1) primary functions in infectious disease surveillance include detecting and reporting cases of disease in target...
Developing Countries: Debt Relief Initiative for Poor Countries Faces Challenges
NSIAD-00-161: Published: Jun 29, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) assessed whether the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) is likely to free up resources for poverty reduction and achieve the goal of debt sustainability; (2) described the strategy to strengthen the link between debt relief and poverty reduction and how this strategy is to be implemented; and (3) described the challenges credito...