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International Affairs (91 - 100 of 2,821 items)
State Department Construction: Basis for Building versus Leasing Decisions Was Insufficiently Documented at Three Embassies
GAO-15-472R: Published: Apr 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 24, 2015.
The U.S. Department of State's (State) Bureau of Overseas Building Operations (OBO) officials made decisions during the construction or renovation process in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina; Belgrade, Serbia; and Helsinki, Finland to lease facilities off-site versus build on-site, but they did not provide a clear explanation of how those decisions were made in the documents they used to plan and...
Export-Import Bank: Status of Actions to Address GAO Recommendations since the Bank's 2012 Reauthorization
GAO-15-557T: Published: Apr 15, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2015.
In six reports on the U.S. Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im) issued since March 2013, GAO presented findings and made 16 recommendations to improve Ex-Im's operations, summarized in this testimony in three broad areas: (1) risk management, (2) underwriting and fraud prevention, and (3) forecasting its exposure and reporting on its estimates of its impact on U.S. jobs.Six of GAO's recommendations focus on...
International Cash-Based Food Assistance: USAID Has Developed Processes for Initial Project Approval but Should Strengthen Financial Oversight
GAO-15-328: Published: Mar 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 26, 2015.
The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) awards new cash-based food assistance grants under its Emergency Food Security Program (EFSP) through a competitive proposal review or an expedited noncompetitive process; however, USAID lacks formal internal guidance for modifying awards. In its review of 22 grant awards, GAO found that USAID made 13 through its competitive process, 7 through...
Financial Company Bankruptcies: Information on Legislative Proposals and International Coordination
GAO-15-299: Published: Mar 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2015.
The U.S. Bankruptcy Code (Code) chapters dealing with the liquidation or reorganization of a financial company have not been changed since GAO last reported on financial company bankruptcies in July 2013. However, bills introduced in the previous Congress would, if re-introduced and passed, make broad changes to the Code relevant to financial company bankruptcies. The Financial Institution Bankrup...
Summer Work Travel Program: State Department Has Taken Steps to Strengthen Program Requirements, but Additional Actions Could Further Enhance Oversight
GAO-15-265: Published: Feb 11, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 2015.
Each year, college and university students from all over the world participate in the Department of State's (State) Summer Work Travel (SWT) program. State records show that in 2014, about 79,000 participants from more than 120 countries worked up to 4 months in jobs such as lifeguard, cashier, and resort worker throughout the United States (see map). Participants are meant to experience U.S. cult...
Egypt: U.S. Government Should Examine Options for Using Unobligated Funds and Evaluating Security Assistance Programs
GAO-15-259: Published: Feb 11, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2015.
U.S. strategic objectives and levels of assistance to Egypt have generally remained constant since fiscal year 2009, though the U.S. government adjusted some aspects of its assistance in response to events in Egypt. According to documents and senior U.S. officials, U.S. strategic objectives are to assist Egypt to be stable, democratic, and prosperous; uphold the peace treaty with Israel and advanc...
Government Publishing Office: Production of Secure Credentials for the Department of State and U.S. Customs and Border Protection
GAO-15-326R: Published: Mar 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2015.
The Department of State (State) and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) considered a variety of cost and non-cost factors in selecting the Government Publishing Office (GPO) to obtain their secure credentials. Specifically, State and CBP officials concluded after consideration of factors such as interagency coordination and collaboration and pricing, among others, that GPO was best able to me...
H-2A and H-2B Visa Programs: Increased Protections Needed for Foreign Workers
GAO-15-154: Published: Mar 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
More than 250,000 foreign workers entered the United States through the H-2A (agricultural) and H-2B (nonagricultural) visa programs in fiscal years 2009 through 2013. U.S. employers use a process that involves multiple federal agencies to petition for and employ temporary foreign workers through these visa programs. The Department of State (State) reported that most workers using these visas were...
Central America: Information on Migration of Unaccompanied Children from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras
GAO-15-362: Published: Feb 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2015.
Department of State (State), U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and Department of Homeland Security (DHS) officials stationed in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras most commonly identified crime and violence and economic concerns as causes primarily responsible for the recent rapid increase in migration to the United States by unaccompanied alien children (UAC). These causes were...
African Growth and Opportunity Act: Lessons Learned from Other Countries' Trade Arrangements with Sub-Saharan Africa
GAO-15-393R: Published: Feb 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 2015.
In 2014, the White House proposed a strategy for investing in African trade. One part of the five-part strategy --Renew and Update the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) to Increase Market Access Opportunities for Africa--consisted of four specific recommendations:Approve a long term extension of AGOA.Expand AGOA's product coverage.Improve rules of origin.Update eligibility criteria and rev...