Data collection (1 - 10 of 18 items)
Decennial Census: Progress Report on Preparations for 2020
GAO-17-238T: Published: Nov 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 2016.
GAO preliminarily found that during the 2016 Census Test, nonresponse follow-up (NRFU), where enumerators visit households that did not respond to the census, generally proceeded according to the Census Bureau's (Bureau) operational plans. However, data at both test sites indicate that the Bureau experienced a large number of non-interviews. The Bureau considers non-interviews to be cases where ei...
Joint Information Environment: DOD Needs to Strengthen Governance and Management [Reissued on October 25, 2016]
GAO-16-593: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) plans to spend almost $1 billion by the end of this fiscal year to implement one element of the Joint Information Environment (JIE); however, the department has not fully defined JIE's scope or expected cost. Officials reported that assessing the cost of JIE is complex because of the size and the complexity of the department's infrastructure and JIE's implementation...
Highlights of a Forum: Data and Analytics Innovation: Emerging Opportunities and Challenges
GAO-16-659SP: Published: Sep 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2016.
What the Participants SaidForum discussions considered the implications of new data-related technologies and developments that are revolutionizing the basic three-step innovation process in the figure below. As massive amounts of varied data become available in many fields, data generation (step 1 in the process) is transformed. Continuing technological advances are bringing more powerful analytic...
Facial Recognition Technology: Commercial Uses, Privacy Issues, and Applicable Federal Law
GAO-15-621: Published: Jul 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2015.
Facial recognition technology can be used in numerous consumer and business applications, but the extent of its current use in commercial settings is not fully known. The technology is commonly used in software that manages personal photographs and in social networking applications to identify friends. In addition, several companies use the technology to provide secure access to computers, phones,...
Defense Infrastructure: Improvements in DOD Reporting and Cybersecurity Implementation Needed to Enhance Utility Resilience Planning
GAO-15-749: Published: Jul 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2015.
Department of Defense (DOD) installations have experienced utility disruptions resulting in operational and fiscal impacts due to hazards such as mechanical failure and extreme weather. Threats, such as cyber attacks, also have the potential to cause disruptions. In its June 2014 Annual Energy Management Report (Energy Report) to Congress, DOD reported 180 utility disruptions lasting 8 hours or lo...
Federal Chief Information Officers: Reporting to OMB Can Be Improved by Further Streamlining and Better Focusing on Priorities
GAO-15-106: Published: Apr 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2015.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) directs agency chief information officers (CIO) to respond to 36 information technology (IT) management reporting requirements, largely on a quarterly or annual basis, that address several areas key to effective IT management (see figure).Number of Requirements per Key IT Management AreaOMB uses the information reported by CIOs to help it oversee the feder...
Information Resellers: Consumer Privacy Framework Needs to Reflect Changes in Technology and the Marketplace
GAO-14-251T: Published: Dec 18, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2013.
No overarching federal privacy law governs the collection and sale of personal information among private-sector companies, including information resellers. Instead, laws tailored to specific purposes, situations, or entities govern the use, sharing, and protection of personal information. For example, the Fair Credit Reporting Act limits the use and distribution of personal information collected o...
Data Mining: DHS Needs to Improve Executive Oversight of Systems Supporting Counterterrorism
GAO-11-742: Published: Sep 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2011.
Data mining--a technique for extracting useful information from large volumes of data--is one type of analysis that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) uses to help detect and prevent terrorist threats. While data-mining systems offer a number of promising benefits, their use also raises privacy concerns. GAO was asked to (1) assess DHS policies for evaluating the effectiveness and privacy p...
2010 Census: Data Collection Is Under Way, but Reliability of Key Information Technology Systems Remains a Risk
GAO-10-567T: Published: Mar 25, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 2010.
In March 2008, GAO designated the 2010 Census a high-risk area in part because of information technology (IT) shortcomings and uncertainty over the ultimate cost of the census, now estimated at around $15 billion. The U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) has since made improvements to various IT systems and taken other steps to mitigate the risks to a successful census. However, last year, GAO noted that a...
Electronic Personal Health Information Exchange: Health Care Entities' Reported Disclosure Practices and Effects on Quality of Care
GAO-10-361: Published: Feb 17, 2010. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 2010.
To promote the use of information technology for the electronic exchange of personal health information among providers and other health care entities, Congress passed the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act. It provides incentives intended to promote the widespread adoption of technology that supports the electronic sharing of data among hospitals, physicia...