Data collection (61 - 70 of 140 items)
Paperwork Reduction Act: New Approach May Be Needed to Reduce Government Burden on Public
GAO-05-424: Published: May 20, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2005.
Americans spend billions of hours each year providing information to federal agencies by filling out information collections (forms, surveys, or questionnaires). A major aim of the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) is to balance the burden of these collections with their public benefit. Under the act, agencies' Chief Information Officers (CIO) are responsible for reviewing information collections befo...
DOD and VA: Systematic Data Sharing Would Help Expedite Servicemembers' Transition to VA Services
GAO-05-722T: Published: May 19, 2005. Publicly Released: May 19, 2005.
Since the onset of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), the Department of Defense (DOD) reported that more than 12,000 servicemembers have been injured in combat. While many return to active duty, others with more serious injuries are likely to be discharged from the military. To ensure the continuity of medical care and access to all other Department of Veterans Aff...
Social Security Administration: A More Formal Approach Could Enhance SSA's Ability to Develop and Manage Totalization Agreements
GAO-05-250: Published: Feb 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2005.
Since 1977, the U.S. has entered into bilateral social security totalization agreements with 20 foreign countries. In fiscal year 2004, the Social Security Administration (SSA) paid approximately $206 million to 102,000 beneficiaries in these countries based on their eligible periods of coverage. If put into force, pending agreements with Mexico and Japan will increase the number of beneficiaries...
Data Mining: Federal Efforts Cover a Wide Range of Uses
GAO-04-548: Published: May 4, 2004. Publicly Released: May 27, 2004.
Both the government and the private sector are increasingly using "data mining"--that is, the application of database technology and techniques (such as statistical analysis and modeling) to uncover hidden patterns and subtle relationships in data and to infer rules that allow for the prediction of future results. As has been widely reported, many federal data mining efforts involve the use of per...
Information Management: Update on Freedom of Information Act Implementation Status
GAO-04-257: Published: Feb 18, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2004.
Based on principles of openness and accountability in government, the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) establishes that federal agencies must provide the public with access to government information, thus enabling them to learn about government operations and decisions. To ensure appropriate implementation of FOIA, Congress requires that agencies report annually to the Attorney General informatio...
Electricity Restructuring: Action Needed to Address Emerging Gaps in Federal Information Collection
GAO-03-586: Published: Jun 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2003.
The ongoing transition (or restructuring) of electricity markets from regulated monopolies to competitive markets is one of the largest single industrial reorganizations in the history of the world. While information is becoming more critical for understanding how well restructuring is working, there are troubling indications that some market participants deliberately misreported information to ma...
Geographic Information Systems: Challenges to Effective Data Sharing
GAO-03-874T: Published: Jun 10, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 2003.
Geographic information systems (GIS) manipulate, analyze, and graphically present an array of information associated with geographic locations, have been invaluable to all levels of government. Their usefulness in disaster response was recently demonstrated during the Space Shuttle Columbia recovery effort. GIS provided precise maps and search grids to guide crews to the debris that was strewn acr...
Title I: Characteristics of Tests Will Influence Expenses; Information Sharing May Help States Realize Efficiencies
GAO-03-389: Published: May 8, 2003. Publicly Released: May 8, 2003.
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA) reauthorized the $10 billion Title I program, which seeks to improve the educational achievement of 12.5 million students at risk. In passing the legislation, Congress increased the frequency with which states are to measure student achievement in mathematics and reading and added science as another subject. Congress also authorized funding to support s...
Paperwork Reduction Act: Record Increase in Agencies' Burden Estimates
GAO-03-619T: Published: Apr 11, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2003.
The Paperwork Reduction Act requires federal agencies to minimize the paperwork burden they impose on the public. The act also requires agencies to obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) before collecting covered information. GAO examined changes during the past fiscal year in federal agencies' paperwork burden estimates and their causes, focusing on the Internal Revenue Se...
Data Mining: Results and Challenges for Government Program Audits and Investigations
GAO-03-591T: Published: Mar 25, 2003. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 2003.
The Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations, and the Census, House Committee on Government Reform asked GAO to testify on its experiences with the use of data mining as part of its audits and investigations of various government programs. GAO's testimony focused on (1) examples and benefits of the use of data mining in audits and investigations and (2) some of t...