Strategic planning (21 - 30 of 566 items)
High-Containment Laboratories: Comprehensive and Up-to-Date Policies and Stronger Oversight Mechanisms Needed to Improve Safety
GAO-16-305: Published: Mar 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 2016.
Most of the 8 departments and 15 agencies that GAO reviewed had policies that were not comprehensive, and some departments and agencies had policies that were not up to date. Specifically, policies at 5 departments and 9 agencies were not comprehensive because they did not contain all six elements that GAO identified as key for managing biological agents in high-containment laboratories. These ele...
Quadrennial Homeland Security Review: Improved Risk Analysis and Stakeholder Consultations Could Enhance Future Reviews
GAO-16-371: Published: Apr 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) assessed risk for the second Quadrennial Homeland Security Review (QHSR) and considered threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences; however, DHS did not document how its various analyses were synthesized to generate results, thus limiting the reproducibility and defensibility of the results. Without sufficient documentation, the QHSR risk results cannot ea...
Biodefense: The Nation Faces Multiple Challenges in Building and Maintaining Biodefense and Biosurveillance
GAO-16-547T: Published: Apr 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 14, 2016.
The biodefense enterprise is fragmented and does not have strategic oversight to promote efficiency and accountability. Specifically, the biodefense enterprise lacks institutionalized leadership enterprise-wide to provide strategic oversight and coordination. In 2011, GAO reported, there are more than two dozen presidentially appointed individuals with biodefense responsibilities and numerous fede...
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Progress and Continuing Challenges in National Preparedness Efforts
GAO-16-560T: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
GAO's recent work highlights both the progress and challenges in the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) efforts to strengthen federal preparedness.In December 2014, GAO reported that the federal departments responsible for coordinating emergency support functions (ESF) in preparation for national disaster response carry out their responsibilities i...
Emergency Management: Improved Federal Coordination Could Better Assist K-12 Schools Prepare for Emergencies
GAO-16-144: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2016.
The Departments of Education (Education), Health and Human Services (HHS), Homeland Security (DHS), and Justice (Justice) support K-12 schools in preparing for emergencies with various resources, including training, technical assistance, and funding, but their efforts are not strategically coordinated. Since jointly issuing a Guide for Developing High-Quality School Emergency Operations Plans in...
Homeland Security Acquisitions: DHS Has Strengthened Management, but Execution and Affordability Concerns Endure
GAO-16-338SP: Published: Mar 31, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2016.
During 2015, 11 of the 25 Department of Homeland Security (DHS) programs GAO reviewed remained on track to meet their current schedule and cost goals. Eight programs experienced schedule slips, cost growth, or both, including 5 programs with life-cycle cost estimates that increased by a total of 18 percent. For the remaining six programs, DHS leadership had not approved baselines establishing thei...
Emergency Communications: Actions Needed to Better Coordinate Federal Efforts in the National Capital Region
GAO-16-249: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
The Office of National Capital Region Coordination (ONCRC), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has taken various actions, mainly through coordination with state and local agencies, to help improve emergency communications interoperability in the National Capital Region (NCR), a legally-designated area including Washington, D.C. and nearby parts of Virginia and Maryland. For example:...
Southwest Border Security: Additional Actions Needed to Assess Resource Deployment and Progress
GAO-16-465T: Published: Mar 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2016.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has taken action to deploy various resources—including agents and technology—along the southwest border and assess those resources' contributions to border security. For example, in December 2012, GAO reported that CBP's Border Patrol scheduled agents for deployment differently across southwest border l...
Homeland Security: Weak Oversight of Human Resources Information Technology Investment Needs Considerable Improvement
GAO-16-407T: Published: Feb 25, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 25, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has made very little progress in implementing its Human Resources Information Technology (HRIT) investment over the last several years. This investment includes 15 improvement areas; as of November 2015, DHS had fully implemented only 1.Status and Planned Completion Dates for Implementing the 15 Strategic Improvement Areas, as of November 2015Strategic imp...
Biosurveillance: Ongoing Challenges and Future Considerations for DHS Biosurveillance Efforts
GAO-16-413T: Published: Feb 11, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2016.
Since 2009, GAO has reported on progress and challenges with two of the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) biosurveillance efforts—the National Biosurveillance Integration Center (NBIC) and the BioWatch program (designed to provide early detection of an aerosolized biological attack). In December 2009, GAO reported that NBIC was not fully equipped to carry out its mission because it lacked...