Terrorism (31 - 40 of 60 items)
Homeland Security: DHS Risk-Based Grant Methodology Is Reasonable, But Current Version's Measure of Vulnerability is Limited
GAO-08-852: Published: Jun 27, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2008.
Since 2002, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has distributed almost $20 billion in funding to enhance the nation's capabilities to respond to acts of terrorism or other catastrophic events. In fiscal year 2007, DHS provided approximately $1.7 billion to states and urban areas through its Homeland Security Grant Program (HSGP) to prevent, protect against, respond to, and recover from acts...
Homeland Security: First Responders' Ability to Detect and Model Hazardous Releases in Urban Areas Is Significantly Limited
GAO-08-180: Published: Jun 27, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2008.
First responders are responsible for responding to terrorist-related and accidental releases of CBRN materials in urban areas. Two primary tools for identifying agents released and their dispersion and effect are equipment to detect and identify CBRN agents in the environment and plume models to track the dispersion of airborne releases of these agents. GAO reports on the limitations of the CBRN d...
Risk Management: Strengthening the Use of Risk Management Principles in Homeland Security
GAO-08-904T: Published: Jun 25, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2008.
From the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, to Hurricane Katrina, homeland security risks vary widely. The nation can neither achieve total security nor afford to protect everything against all risks. Managing these risks is especially difficult in today's environment of globalization, increasing security interdependence, and growing fiscal challenges for the federal government. Broadly defi...
Maritime Security: National Strategy and Supporting Plans Were Generally Well-Developed and Are Being Implemented
GAO-08-672: Published: Jun 20, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 2008.
The safety and economic security of the United States depends on the secure use of the world's seaports and waterways. Homeland Security Presidential Directive-13 (HSPD-13, also referred to as National Security Presidential Directive-41) directs the coordination of U.S. maritime security policy through the creation of a National Strategy for Maritime Security and supporting implementation plans. G...
Border Security: Summary of Covert Tests and Security Assessments for the Senate Committee on Finance, 2003-2007
GAO-08-757: Published: May 16, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 12, 2008.
From January 2003 to September 2007, GAO testified before the Committee on three occasions to describe security vulnerabilities that terrorists could exploit to enter the country. GAO's first two testimonies focused on covert testing at ports of entry--the air, sea, and land locations where international travelers can legally enter the United States. In its third testimony, GAO focused on limited...
Emergency Management: Observations on DHS's Preparedness for Catastrophic Disasters
GAO-08-868T: Published: Jun 11, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 2008.
The Homeland Security Act was enacted in November 2002, creating the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to improve homeland security following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States. The act centralized the leadership of many homeland security activities under a single federal department and, accordingly, DHS has the dominant role in implementing this national strategy....
Homeland Defense: U.S. Northern Command Has Made Progress but Needs to Address Force Allocation, Readiness Tracking Gaps, and Other Issues
GAO-08-251: Published: Apr 16, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 2008.
It has been 5 years since the Department of Defense (DOD) established U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM) to conduct homeland defense and civil support missions in the United States. Planning operations in the United States poses unique challenges for traditional military planning. GAO was asked to assess (1) the status of NORTHCOM's plans and the challenges it faces in planning and conducting operat...
Department of Homeland Security: Progress Made in Implementation of Management and Mission Functions, but More Work Remains
GAO-08-457T: Published: Feb 13, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2008.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) began operations in March 2003 with missions that include preventing terrorist attacks from occurring within the United States, reducing U.S. vulnerability to terrorism, minimizing damages from attacks that occur, and helping the nation recover from any attacks. GAO has reported that the implementation and transformation of DHS is an enormous management ch...
Nuclear Security: Action May Be Needed to Reassess the Security of NRC-Licensed Research Reactors
GAO-08-403: Published: Jan 31, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2008.
There are 37 research reactors in the United States, mostly located on college campuses. Of these, 33 reactors are licensed and regulated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Four are operated by the Department of Energy (DOE) and are located at three national laboratories. Although less powerful than commercial nuclear power reactors, research reactors may still be attractive targets for t...
Homeland Security: Preliminary Observations on the Federal Protective Service's Efforts to Protect Federal Property
GAO-08-476T: Published: Feb 8, 2008. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2008.
In 2003, the Federal Protective Service (FPS) was transferred from the General Services Administration (GSA) to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and is currently tasked with providing physical security and law enforcement services to about 8,800 facilities owned or leased by GSA. To accomplish its mission, FPS currently has a workforce of about 1,100 employees and about 15,000 contract gu...