Risk assessment (21 - 30 of 219 items)
Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Action Needed to Verify Some Chemical Facility Information and Manage Compliance Process
GAO-15-614: Published: Jul 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 2015.
Since 2007, the Office of Infrastructure Protection's Infrastructure Security Compliance Division (ISCD), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has identified and collected data from approximately 37,000 chemical facilities under its Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) program and categorized approximately 2,900 as high-risk based on the collected data. However, ISCD use...
Chemical and Biological Defense: Designated Entity Needed to Identify, Align, and Manage DOD's Infrastructure
GAO-15-257: Published: Jun 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2015.
A key component of the 26 Department of Defense (DOD) organizations that constitute the Chemical and Biological Defense Program (CBDP) Enterprise is the chemical and biological defense research and development and test and evaluation infrastructure. After nearly 7 years, the CBDP Enterprise has not fully achieved its goal to identify required infrastructure capabilities. The Joint Chemical, Biolog...
Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Better Manage Security Screening at Federal Buildings and Courthouses
GAO-15-445: Published: Mar 31, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2015.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Protective Service (FPS) and the Department of Justice's (DOJ) United States Marshals Service (USMS) experience a range of challenges in their efforts to provide effective security screening, including:Building characteristics and location may limit security options: many General Services Administration (GSA) buildings were designed and construct...
Public-Safety Broadband Network: FirstNet Should Strengthen Internal Controls and Evaluate Lessons Learned
GAO-15-407: Published: Apr 28, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2015.
The First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet) has made progress carrying out its responsibilities established in the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (the 2012 act) but lacks certain elements of effective internal controls. FirstNet is charged with the complex and challenging task of establishing a new, nationwide, wireless broadband network for public safety entities, in co...
Homeland Security: Action Needed to Better Assess Cost-Effectiveness of Security Enhancements at Federal Facilities [Reissued on April 2, 2015]
GAO-15-444: Published: Mar 24, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2015.
The federal civilian entities GAO selected—the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the General Services Administration (GSA), the Department of Justice's United States Marshals Service (USMS), the Smithsonian Institution (Smithsonian), and the Social Security Administration (SSA)—have implemented a range of enhancements to improve physical securi...
Aviation Security: TSA's Managed Inclusion Process Expands Passenger Expedited Screening, But TSA Has Not Tested Its Security Effectiveness
GAO-15-465T: Published: Mar 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 2015.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) implemented its expedited screening program—known as TSA Pre✓TM—in 2011.TSA uses the following methods to assess whether a passenger is low risk and therefore eligible for expedited screening.(1) Approved TSA Pre✓ TM lists of known travelers —These lists are comprised of individuals whom TSA has determined to be low risk by virtue of their...
Public Safety Communications: Preliminary Information on FirstNet's Efforts to Establish a Nationwide Broadband Network
GAO-15-380T: Published: Mar 11, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 2015.
GAO's ongoing work has found that the First Responder Network Authority (FirstNet) has made progress carrying out the responsibilities established in the 2012 Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act (the 2012 act) but lacks certain elements of effective internal controls. FirstNet has made progress establishing an organizational structure, planning the nationwide public-safety broadband netwo...
Aviation Security: TSA Should Take Additional Action to Obtain Stakeholder Input when Modifying the Prohibited Items List
GAO-15-261: Published: Feb 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
Transportation Security Administration (TSA) officials stated that TSA considers four factors when determining whether to make modifications to the Prohibited Items List (PIL), but the agency did not fully assess risk when considering its recent proposed PIL modifications, as GAO has previously recommended. TSA generally considers the following four factors when determining whether to modify the P...
Aviation Security: Rapid Growth in Expedited Passenger Screening Highlights Need to Plan Effective Security Assessments
GAO-15-150: Published: Dec 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2014.
Since the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) implemented its expedited screening program—known as TSA Pre✓TM in 2011, the number of passengers receiving expedited screening grew slowly, and then increased about 300 percent in October 2013 when TSA expanded its use of methods to increase passenger participation, such as conducting automated risk assessments of all passengers. In condu...
Intellectual Property: U.S. Customs and Border Protection Could Better Manage Its Process to Enforce Exclusion Orders
GAO-15-78: Published: Nov 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2014.
The Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) uses two processes to enforce exclusion orders issued by the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC): a four-phase process to detect and deny entry to or seize infringing products at U.S. ports and an administrative ruling process that determines in advance of importing whether products are covered by exclusion orders...