Homeland security (81 - 90 of 176 items)
Secure Border Initiative Fence Construction Costs
GAO-09-244R: Published: Jan 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 2009.
Much of the United States' 6,000 miles of international borders with Canada and Mexico remains vulnerable to illegal entry of aliens, criminals, and cargo. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) apprehends hundreds of thousands of people and seizes large volumes of cargo entering the country illegally each year; however, several hundreds of thousands of individuals and an unknown volume of cont...
Homeland Security Grant Program Risk-Based Distribution Methods: Presentation to Congressional Committees - November 14, 2008 and December 15, 2008
GAO-09-168R: Published: Dec 23, 2008. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 2008.
This report formally transmits the briefing in response to P.L. 110-329, the Consolidated Security, Disaster Assistance and Continuing Appropriations Act, that required GAO for the fourth year to review the methodology the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) use to allocate Homeland Security Grant Program (HSGP) grants, including the risk assess...
Homeland Security: U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology Program Planning and Execution Improvements Needed
GAO-09-96: Published: Dec 12, 2008. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2008.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has established a program known as U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (US-VISIT) to collect, maintain, and share information, including biometric identifiers, on certain foreign nationals who travel to and from the United States. By congressional mandate, DHS is to develop and submit an expenditure plan for US-VISIT that satisfies certa...
Department of Homeland Security: Billions Invested in Major Programs Lack Appropriate Oversight
GAO-09-29: Published: Nov 18, 2008. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2008.
In fiscal year 2007, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) obligated about $12 billion for acquisitions to support homeland security missions. DHS's major investments include Coast Guard ships and aircraft; border surveillance and screening equipment; nuclear detection equipment; and systems to track finances and human resources. In part to provide insight into the cost, schedule, and performa...
Department of Homeland Security: A Strategic Approach Is Needed to Better Ensure the Acquisition Workforce Can Meet Mission Needs
GAO-09-30: Published: Nov 19, 2008. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2008.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is one of the largest procurement spending agencies in the federal government. In fiscal year 2007, DHS obligated about $12 billion for a wide range of goods and services to meet complex mission needs. Like other federal agencies, DHS has faced challenges in building and sustaining a capable workforce to support its acquisitions. GAO was asked to identify...
Visa Waiver Program: Actions Are Needed to Improve Management of the Expansion Process, and to Assess and Mitigate Program Risks
GAO-08-1142T: Published: Sep 24, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 24, 2008.
The Visa Waiver Program, which enables citizens of participating countries to travel to the United States without first obtaining a visa, has many benefits, but also has risks. In 2006, GAO found the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) needed to improve efforts to assess and mitigate these risks. In August 2007, Congress passed the 9/11 Act, which provides DHS the authority to consider expanding...
Department of Homeland Security: Improvements Could Further Enhance Ability to Acquire Innovative Technologies Using Other Transaction Authority
GAO-08-1088: Published: Sep 23, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2008.
When the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was created in 2002, it was granted "other transaction" authority--a special authority used to meet mission needs. While the authority provides greater flexibility to attract and work with nontraditional contractors to research, develop, and test innovative technologies, other transactions carry the risk of reduced accountability and transparency--in...
Combating Nuclear Smuggling: DHS's Program to Procure and Deploy Advanced Radiation Detection Portal Monitors Is Likely to Exceed the Department's Previous Cost Estimates
GAO-08-1108R: Published: Sep 22, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2008.
Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, combating terrorism has been one of the nation's highest priorities. As part of that effort, preventing nuclear and radioactive material from being smuggled into the United States--perhaps to be used by terrorists in a nuclear weapon or in a radiological dispersal device (a "dirty bomb")--has become a key national security objective. On April 15, 2005, the...
Secure Border Initiative: DHS Needs to Address Significant Risks in Delivering Key Technology Investment
GAO-08-1086: Published: Sep 22, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2008.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Secure Border Initiative (SBI) is a multiyear, multibillion-dollar program to secure the nation's borders through, among other things, new technology, increased staffing, and new fencing and barriers. The technology component of SBI, which is known as SBInet, involves the acquisition, development, integration, and deployment of surveillance systems and c...
Department of Homeland Security: Progress and Continuing Concerns with Acquisition Management
GAO-08-1164T: Published: Sep 17, 2008. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2008.
Since it was created in 2003, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has obligated billions of dollars annually to meet its expansive homeland security mission. The department's acquisitions support complex and critical trade, transportation, border security, and information technology investments. In fiscal year 2007, DHS spent over $12 billion on procurements to meet this mission including sp...