Program evaluation (71 - 80 of 83 items)
Aviation Security: Significant Management Challenges May Adversely Affect Implementation of the Transportation Security Administration's Secure Flight Program
GAO-06-374T: Published: Feb 9, 2006. Publicly Released: Feb 9, 2006.
After the events of September 11, 2001, Congress created the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and directed it to assume the function of passenger prescreening--or the matching of passenger information against terrorist watch lists to identify persons who should undergo additional security scrutiny--for domestic flights, which is currently performed by the air carriers. To do so, TSA is...
Homeland Security: Visitor and Immigrant Status Program Operating, but Management Improvements Are Still Needed
GAO-06-318T: Published: Jan 25, 2006. Publicly Released: Jan 25, 2006.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has established a program--the U.S. Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (US-VISIT)--to collect, maintain, and share information, including biometric identifiers, on selected foreign nationals who enter and exit the United States. US-VISIT uses these biometric identifiers (digital fingerscans and photographs) to screen persons against watch li...
Independent Media Development Abroad: Challenges Exist in Implementing U.S. Efforts and Measuring Results
GAO-05-803: Published: Jul 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2005.
Independent media development led by the Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) supports the national security goal of developing sustainable democracies around the world. Independent media institutions play a role in supporting commerce, improving public health efforts, reducing corruption, and providing civic education. According to the Freedom House's Free...
Homeland Security: Key Cargo Security Programs Can Be Improved
GAO-05-466T: Published: May 26, 2005. Publicly Released: May 26, 2005.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has in place two programs to help address the threat posed by terrorists smuggling weapons of mass destruction (WMD) into the United States: the Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) and the Container Security Initiative (CSI). In July 2003, GAO reported that these programs had management challenges that limited their effectiveness. Given pla...
Preventing Nuclear Smuggling: DOE Has Made Limited Progress in Installing Radiation Detection Equipment at Highest Priority Foreign Seaports
GAO-05-375: Published: Mar 31, 2005. Publicly Released: May 2, 2005.
Since September 11, 2001, concern has increased that terrorists could smuggle nuclear weapons or materials into this country in the approximately 7 million containers that arrive annually at U.S. seaports. Nuclear materials can be smuggled across borders by being placed inside containers aboard cargo ships. In response to this concern, since 2003, the Department of Energy (DOE) has deployed radiat...
Aviation Security: Secure Flight Development and Testing Under Way, but Risks Should Be Managed as System Is Further Developed
GAO-05-356: Published: Mar 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 28, 2005.
Among its efforts to strengthen aviation security, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is developing a new passenger prescreening system--known as Secure Flight. As required by Congress, TSA is planning to assume, through Secure Flight, the prescreening function currently performed by the air carriers. This report assesses the (1) status of Secure Flight's development and implementati...
Homeland Security: Performance of Foreign Student and Exchange Visitor Information System Continues to Improve, But Issues Remain
GAO-05-440T: Published: Mar 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 2005.
The Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS) is an Internet-based system run by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to collect and record information on foreign students, exchange visitors, and their dependents--before they enter the United States, when they enter, and during their stay. GAO has reported (GAO-04-690) that although the system had a number of performance problem...
Aviation Security: Measures for Testing the Impact of Using Commercial Data for the Secure Flight Program
GAO-05-324: Published: Feb 23, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2005.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is developing a new passenger prescreening program, known as Secure Flight. Under the Secure Flight program, TSA plans to take over, from commercial airlines, the responsibility for comparing identifying information of domestic airline passengers against information on known or suspected terrorists. TSA is also considering using commercial data as p...
Maritime Security: Better Planning Needed to Help Ensure an Effective Port Security Assessment Program
GAO-04-1062: Published: Sep 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2004.
Created in the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the Port Security Assessment Program was designed to evaluate security at the nation's 55 most economically and militarily strategic ports. Implemented by the U.S. Coast Guard, an agency of the Department of Homeland Security, the program focuses on identifying vulnerabilities, suggesting approaches to minimize them, and making the...
Aviation Security: Private Screening Contractors Have Little Flexibility to Implement Innovative Approaches
GAO-04-505T: Published: Apr 22, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 22, 2004.
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, resulted in fundamental changes in the way the United States screens airport passengers and their property. One of the most significant changes was the shift from using private screeners to using federal screeners at all but five commercial airports in the United States. These five airports are part of a pilot program, where private screeners perform sc...