Maritime security (1 - 10 of 67 items) in Custom Date Range
Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Needs to Enhance Efforts to Address Port Cybersecurity
GAO-16-116T: Published: Oct 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2015.
Similar to other critical infrastructures, the nation's ports face an evolving array of cyber-based threats. These can come from insiders, criminals, terrorists, or other hostile sources and may employ a variety of techniques or exploits, such as denial-of-service attacks and malicious software. By exploiting vulnerabilities in information and communications technologies supporting port operations...
Department of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development
GAO-14-865T: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
In September 2012, GAO reported that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) did not know the total amount its components had invested in research and development (R&D) and did not have policies and guidance for defining R&D and overseeing R&D resources across the department. According to DHS, its Science and Technology Directorate (S&T), Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), and Coast Guard...
Maritime Security: Ongoing U.S. Counterpiracy Efforts Would Benefit From Agency Assessments
GAO-14-422: Published: Jun 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2014.
Piracy incidents off the Horn of Africa's east coast near Somalia have declined sharply since 2010, but U.S. agencies have not assessed their counterpiracy efforts as GAO recommended in 2010. Since 2010, the International Maritime Bureau (IMB) reports piracy incidents declined from 219 to 15 in 2013. Similarly, from 2010 to 2013 hostages taken by pirates declined from 1,016 to 34. Also, a World Ba...
Maritime Critical Infrastructure Protection: DHS Needs to Better Address Port Cybersecurity
GAO-14-459: Published: Jun 5, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 5, 2014.
Actions taken by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and two of its component agencies, the U.S. Coast Guard and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as well as other federal agencies, to address cybersecurity in the maritime port environment have been limited.While the Coast Guard initiated a number of activities and coordinating strategies to improve physical security in specific po...
Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges with Selected Port Security Programs
GAO-14-636T: Published: Jun 4, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2014.
GAO's prior work has shown that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and its component agencies—particularly the Coast Guard and Customs and Border Protection (CBP)—have made substantial progress in three key areas of port security since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks (9/11), but some challenges remain.Maritime domain awareness and information sharing. DHS agencies along with o...
Trusted Travelers: Programs Provide Benefits, but Enrollment Processes Could Be Strengthened
GAO-14-483: Published: May 30, 2014. Publicly Released: May 30, 2014.
As of January 2014, there were about 2.5 million people enrolled in U.S. Customs and Border Protection's (CBP) four trusted traveler programs—which provide expedited travel for preapproved, low-risk travelers and cargo—and enrollments more than quadrupled over the past 5 fiscal years. About 43 percent of trusted travelers were enrolled in Global Entry, operating at select air ports of entry (P...
Maritime Security: DHS Could Benefit from Tracking Progress in Implementing the Small Vessel Security Strategy
GAO-14-32: Published: Oct 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2013.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and its components--such as the U.S. Coast Guard and Customs and Border Protection (CBP)--have started or completed initiatives to address small vessel security risks, but DHS is not tracking the progress being made to address action items in the Small Vessel Security Strategy (SVSS) Implementation Plan. "Small vessels" are characterized as any watercraft-...
Maritime Security: Progress and Challenges in Key DHS Programs to Secure the Maritime Borders
GAO-14-196T: Published: Nov 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2013.
GAO's prior work has identified several key factors important to secure the maritime borders. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and its components have made progress (e.g., coordinating with partners), and in some cases also experienced challenges with their related maritime security programs.Maintaining robust maritime domain awareness. It is critical that federal agencies maintain mariti...
Department of Homeland Security: Opportunities Exist to Enhance Visibility over Collaborative Field Mechanisms
GAO-13-734: Published: Sep 27, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2013.
Opportunities exist for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to enhance its visibility over collaborative field mechanisms (i.e., multiagency groups such as task forces, committees, and teams that enhance stakeholder collaboration to more effectively and efficiently achieve their missions) established by component agencies. DHS, at the departmental level, has limited visibility over the unive...
Supply Chain Security: DHS Could Improve Cargo Security by Periodically Assessing Risks from Foreign Ports
GAO-13-764: Published: Sep 16, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2013.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) components have developed models to assess the risks of foreign ports and cargo, but not all components have applied risk management principles to assess whether maritime security programs cover the riskiest ports. The U.S. Coast Guard uses its risk model to inform operational decisions for its International Port Security (IPS) program and annually updates its...