Emergency preparedness (11 - 20 of 301 items) in Custom Date Range
Emergency Communications: Actions Needed to Better Coordinate Federal Efforts in the National Capital Region
GAO-16-249: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
The Office of National Capital Region Coordination (ONCRC), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has taken various actions, mainly through coordination with state and local agencies, to help improve emergency communications interoperability in the National Capital Region (NCR), a legally-designated area including Washington, D.C. and nearby parts of Virginia and Maryland. For example:...
Disaster Response: FEMA Has Made Progress Implementing Key Programs, but Opportunities for Improvement Exist
GAO-16-87: Published: Feb 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 2016.
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has taken steps to implement, assess, and improve select disaster response programs, but GAO identified opportunities to strengthen program management. Specifically, GAO found that FEMA uses leading management practices in implementing its Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) program. For example, FEMA has aligned the mission of the US&R Program--to save li...
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Strengthening Regional Coordination Could Enhance Preparedness Efforts
GAO-16-38: Published: Feb 4, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 4, 2016.
GAO found that the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has taken some steps, but has not fully addressed, preparedness grant management coordination challenges between headquarters and its regions. For several preparedness grant programs, FEMA headquarters and regions share management and monitoring responsibilities. Assessments by FEMA and others sin...
Internet Protocol Transition: FCC Should Strengthen Its Data Collection Efforts to Assess the Transition's Effects
GAO-16-167: Published: Dec 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2015.
As the nation's telecommunications systems transition from legacy telephone networks to Internet Protocol (IP)-based networks, telecommunications carriers can face challenges during times of crisis that affect end users' ability to call 911 and receive emergency communications. These challenges include (1) preserving consumer service and (2) supporting existing emergency communications services an...
Emergency Preparedness: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Interagency Assessments and Accountability for Closing Capability Gaps [Reissued on December 9, 2015]
GAO-15-20: Published: Dec 4, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2014.
The departments that coordinate federal emergency support functions (ESF), in preparation for national disaster response, carry out their responsibilities in various ways, but the Secretary of Homeland Security's ability to assess ESF preparedness could be enhanced. ESF coordinators conduct a range of coordination, planning, and capability assessment activities. All 10 ESF coordinators across the...
Emergency Management: FEMA Has Made Progress since Hurricanes Katrina and Sandy, but Challenges Remain
GAO-16-90T: Published: Oct 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2015.
GAO's recent work highlights both the progress and challenges in the Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) efforts to lead national preparedness efforts, particularly efforts to assess emergency support capabilities and enhance logistics capabilities. Assessing capabilities is critical to ensure that they will be available when needed in emergencies. For example, GAO found in December 2014...
Biosurveillance: Additional Planning, Oversight, and Coordination Needed to Enhance National Capability
GAO-15-664T: Published: Jul 8, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2015.
In June 2010, GAO reported that there was neither a comprehensive national strategy nor a designated focal point with the authority and resources to guide development of a national biosurveillance capability. Further, in October 2011, GAO reported that states and local agencies faced challenges in developing and maintaining their biosurveillance capabilities, such as obtaining resources for an ade...
Chemical Safety: Actions Needed to Improve Federal Oversight of Facilities with Ammonium Nitrate
GAO-14-274: Published: May 19, 2014. Publicly Released: May 21, 2014.
Federal data provide insight into the number of facilities in the United States with ammonium nitrate but do not provide a complete picture because of reporting exemptions and other data limitations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) do not require facilities to report their ammonium nitrate holdings. The Department of Homeland S...
National Preparedness: HHS Is Monitoring the Progress of Its Medical Countermeasure Efforts but Has Not Provided Previously Recommended Spending Estimates
GAO-14-90: Published: Dec 27, 2013. Publicly Released: Dec 27, 2013.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has established timelines and milestones for the 72 Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise (PHEMCE) priorities--33 activities, 25 threat-based approaches, and 14 capabilities--that HHS selected as key to fulfilling PHEMCE strategic goals. However, HHS has not made spending estimates for its medical countermeasure development or...
National Preparedness: Actions Taken by FEMA to Implement Select Provisions of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006
GAO-14-99R: Published: Nov 26, 2013. Publicly Released: Nov 26, 2013.
In summary, GAO found that the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) reported taking various actions to address each of the five provisions of the Post-Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006 (Post-Katrina Act) that GAO reviewed.6 U.S.C. 319 (b)(2)(C): In response to this provision--which requires FEMA to revise the Catastrophic Incident Annex (the Annex) to the National Response Plan...