Counterterrorism (21 - 30 of 84 items)
Protection of Chemical and Water Infrastructure: Federal Requirements, Actions of Selected Facilities, and Remaining Challenges
GAO-05-327: Published: Mar 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2005.
The National Strategy for Homeland Security grouped critical infrastructure into 13 sectors which include assets that if attacked by terrorists could have a debilitating impact on the nation. Two of these 13 sectors are the chemical and water sectors. The total number of chemical sector facilities is not clear. DHS estimates that there are 4,000 chemical manufacturing facilities that produce, use,...
Bioterrorism: Information on Jurisdictions' Expenditure and Reported Obligation of Program Funds
GAO-05-239: Published: Feb 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2005.
In 1999, the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began funding jurisdictions' efforts to prepare for bioterrorism attacks through the Public Health Preparedness and Response for Bioterrorism program. After the events of September 11, 2001, and the 2001 anthrax incidents, program funds increased almost twentyfold. Citing jurisdictions' une...
Homeland Security: Much Is Being Done to Protect Agriculture from a Terrorist Attack, but Important Challenges Remain
GAO-05-214: Published: Mar 8, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 8, 2005.
U.S. agriculture generates more than $1 trillion per year in economic activity and provides an abundant food supply for Americans and others. Since the September 11, 2001, attacks, there are new concerns about the vulnerability of U.S. agriculture to the deliberate introduction of animal and plant diseases (agroterrorism). Several agencies, including the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the...
Homeland Security: Management of First Responder Grant Programs Has Improved, but Challenges Remain
GAO-05-121: Published: Feb 2, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2005.
The Office for Domestic Preparedness (ODP)--originally established in 1998 within the Department of Justice to help state and local first responders acquire specialized training and equipment needed to respond to terrorist incidents--was transferred to the Department of Homeland Security upon its creation in March 2003. After September 11, 2001, the scope and size of ODP's grant programs expanded...
Aviation Security: Measures for Testing the Impact of Using Commercial Data for the Secure Flight Program
GAO-05-324: Published: Feb 23, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2005.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is developing a new passenger prescreening program, known as Secure Flight. Under the Secure Flight program, TSA plans to take over, from commercial airlines, the responsibility for comparing identifying information of domestic airline passengers against information on known or suspected terrorists. TSA is also considering using commercial data as p...
Homeland Security: Agency Plans, Implementation, and Challenges Regarding the National Strategy for Homeland Security
GAO-05-33: Published: Jan 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 2005.
The National Strategy for Homeland Security sets forth a plan to improve homeland security through the cooperation of federal, state, local, and private sector organizations on an array of functions. These functions are organized into the six distinct "critical mission areas" of (1) intelligence and warning, (2) border and transportation security, (3) domestic counterterrorism, (4) protecting crit...
Homeland Security: Effective Regional Coordination Can Enhance Emergency Preparedness
GAO-04-1009: Published: Sep 15, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2004.
As requested, GAO reviewed coordination practices in various metropolitan areas to find regional programs with lessons learned that could be applied in the National Capital Region (NCR) and elsewhere. We addressed the following questions: (1) In selected metropolitan areas, what factors enhance regional coordination? (2) What features of federal programs enhance regional emergency preparedness coo...
Homeland Security: Transformation Strategy Needed to Address Challenges Facing the Federal Protective Service
GAO-04-537: Published: Jul 14, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 16, 2004.
With responsibility for protecting thousands of federal facilities, the Federal Protective Service (FPS), which transferred from the General Services Administration (GSA) to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in March 2003, plays a critical role in the federal government's defense against the threat of terrorism and other criminal activity. GAO was asked to determine what challenges, if any...
9/11 Commission Report: Reorganization, Transformation, and Information Sharing
GAO-04-1033T: Published: Aug 3, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 2004.
The sorrow, loss, anger, and resolve so evident immediately following the September 11, 2001, attacks have been combined in an effort to help assure that our country will never again be caught unprepared. As the 9/11 Commission notes, we are safer today but we are not safe, and much work remains. Although in today's world we can never be 100 percent secure, and we can never do everything everywher...
Status of Key Recommendations GAO Has Made to DHS and Its Legacy Agencies
GAO-04-865R: Published: Jul 2, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2004.
Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the federal government has undertaken numerous actions to enhance the nation's homeland security, including the creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). One of the primary reasons for the establishment of DHS was to unify the vast national network of organizations and institutions involved in efforts to protect our nation. Since it b...