Transportation security (21 - 30 of 42 items)
Aviation Security: Systematic Planning Needed to Optimize the Deployment of Checked Baggage Screening Systems
GAO-05-365: Published: Mar 15, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 2005.
Mandated to screen all checked baggage using explosive detection systems at airports by December 31, 2003, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) deployed two types of screening equipment: explosives detection systems (EDS), which use computer-aided tomography X-rays to recognize the characteristics of explosives, and explosives trace detection (ETD) systems, which use chemical analysis...
Aviation Security: Measures for Testing the Impact of Using Commercial Data for the Secure Flight Program
GAO-05-324: Published: Feb 23, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2005.
The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is developing a new passenger prescreening program, known as Secure Flight. Under the Secure Flight program, TSA plans to take over, from commercial airlines, the responsibility for comparing identifying information of domestic airline passengers against information on known or suspected terrorists. TSA is also considering using commercial data as p...
Homeland Security: Agency Plans, Implementation, and Challenges Regarding the National Strategy for Homeland Security
GAO-05-33: Published: Jan 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 2005.
The National Strategy for Homeland Security sets forth a plan to improve homeland security through the cooperation of federal, state, local, and private sector organizations on an array of functions. These functions are organized into the six distinct "critical mission areas" of (1) intelligence and warning, (2) border and transportation security, (3) domestic counterterrorism, (4) protecting crit...
Port Security: Better Planning Needed to Develop and Operate Maritime Worker Identification Card Program
GAO-05-106: Published: Dec 10, 2004. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2004.
As part of a multilayered effort to strengthen port security, the Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) of 2002 calls for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to issue a worker identification card that uses biological metrics, such as fingerprints, to control access to secure areas of ports or ships. Charged with the responsibility for developing this card, the Transportation Security A...
Aviation Security: Preliminary Observations on TSA's Progress to Allow Airports to Use Private Passenger and Baggage Screening Services
GAO-05-126: Published: Nov 19, 2004. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2004.
Beginning on November 19, 2004, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) is required by law to begin allowing commercial airports to apply to use private contractors to screen passengers and checked baggage. A federal workforce has performed this work since November 2002, in response to a congressional mandate that the federal government take over screening services after the terrorist att...
Maritime Security: Partnering Could Reduce Federal Costs and Facilitate Implementation of Automatic Vessel Identification System
GAO-04-868: Published: Jul 23, 2004. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 2004.
As part of international efforts to ensure maritime safety and security--and to carry out its mandates under the Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002--the U.S. Coast Guard is developing an automatic identification system (AIS) that should enable it to monitor ships traveling to and through U.S. waters. For AIS to operate nationwide, ships need equipment to transmit and receive AIS signals,...
Status of Key Recommendations GAO Has Made to DHS and Its Legacy Agencies
GAO-04-865R: Published: Jul 2, 2004. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2004.
Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the federal government has undertaken numerous actions to enhance the nation's homeland security, including the creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). One of the primary reasons for the establishment of DHS was to unify the vast national network of organizations and institutions involved in efforts to protect our nation. Since it b...
Maritime Security: Substantial Work Remains to Translate New Planning Requirements into Effective Port Security
GAO-04-838: Published: Jun 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2004.
The Maritime Transportation Security Act of 2002, as implemented by the Coast Guard, calls for owners and operators of about 3,150 port facilities (such as shipping terminals or factories with hazardous materials) and about 9,200 vessels (such as cargo ships, ferries, and tugs and barges) to develop and implement security plans by July 1, 2004. The Coast Guard intends to conduct on-site compliance...
Aviation Security: Challenges in Using Biometric Technologies
GAO-04-785T: Published: May 19, 2004. Publicly Released: May 19, 2004.
One of the primary functions of any security system is the control of people moving into or out of protected areas, such as physical buildings, information systems, and our national border. Technologies called biometrics can automate the identification of people by one or more of their distinct physical or behavioral characteristics. The term biometrics covers a wide range of technologies that can...
Homeland Security: Selected Recommendations from Congressionally Chartered Commissions and GAO
GAO-04-591: Published: Mar 31, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2004.
Terrorist attacks, both before and after September 11, 2001, have increased congressional concerns regarding the complexity, funding, and oversight of federal programs designed to combat terrorism and ensure homeland security. Hundreds of recommendations have been made by nationally chartered commissions and GAO to further improve our nation's strategic planning and program development in homeland...