Intergovernmental relations (1 - 10 of 40 items)
Homeland Security: DHS' Efforts to Enhance First Responders' All-Hazards Capabilities Continue to Evolve
GAO-05-652: Published: Jul 11, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 2005.
The events of September 11, 2001, have resulted in a greater focus on the role of first responders in carrying out the nation's emergency management efforts. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the primary federal entity responsible for ensuring that first responders, such as police, fire, emergency medical, and public health personnel, have the capabilities needed to provide a coordinate...
Homeland Security: Managing First Responder Grants to Enhance Emergency Preparedness in the National Capital Region
GAO-05-889T: Published: Jul 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2005.
After the tragic events of September 11, 2001, the National Capital Region (NCR)--the District of Columbia and nearby jurisdictions in Maryland and Virginia--was recognized as a significant potential target for terrorism. In fiscal years 2002 and 2003, about $340 million in emergency preparedness funds were allocated to NCR jurisdictions. In May 2004, GAO issued a report (GAO-04-433) that examined...
Maritime Security: Enhancements Made, But Implementation and Sustainability Remain Key Challenges
GAO-05-448T: Published: May 17, 2005. Publicly Released: May 17, 2005.
More than 3 years after the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, concerns remain over the security of U.S. seaports and waterways. Seaports and waterways are vulnerable given their size, easy accessibility by water and land, large numbers of potential targets, and close proximity to urban areas. Seaports are also a critical link in the international supply chain, which has its own potential vu...
Maritime Security: New Structures Have Improved Information Sharing, but Security Clearance Processing Requires Further Attention
GAO-05-394: Published: Apr 15, 2005. Publicly Released: May 17, 2005.
Sharing information with nonfederal officials is an important tool in federal efforts to secure the nation's ports against a potential terrorist attack. The Coast Guard has lead responsibility in coordinating maritime information sharing efforts. The Coast Guard has established area maritime security committees--forums that involve federal and nonfederal officials who identify and address risks in...
Homeland Security: Management of First Responder Grant Programs and Efforts to Improve Accountability Continue to Evolve
GAO-05-530T: Published: Apr 12, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2005.
In fiscal years 2002 through 2005, the Office for Domestic Preparedness (ODP) within the Department of Homeland Security managed first responder grants totaling approximately $10.5 billion. The bulk of this funding has been for statewide grants through the State Homeland Security Grant Program and urban area grants through the Urban Areas Security Initiative. This testimony provides information on...
Homeland Security: Management of First Responder Grant Programs Has Improved, but Challenges Remain
GAO-05-121: Published: Feb 2, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2005.
The Office for Domestic Preparedness (ODP)--originally established in 1998 within the Department of Justice to help state and local first responders acquire specialized training and equipment needed to respond to terrorist incidents--was transferred to the Department of Homeland Security upon its creation in March 2003. After September 11, 2001, the scope and size of ODP's grant programs expanded...
Homeland Security: Agency Plans, Implementation, and Challenges Regarding the National Strategy for Homeland Security
GAO-05-33: Published: Jan 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 2005.
The National Strategy for Homeland Security sets forth a plan to improve homeland security through the cooperation of federal, state, local, and private sector organizations on an array of functions. These functions are organized into the six distinct "critical mission areas" of (1) intelligence and warning, (2) border and transportation security, (3) domestic counterterrorism, (4) protecting crit...
General Aviation Security: Increased Federal Oversight Is Needed, but Continued Partnership with the Private Sector Is Critical to Long-Term Success
GAO-05-144: Published: Nov 10, 2004. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2004.
Federal intelligence agencies have reported that in the past, terrorists have considered using general aviation aircraft (all aviation other than commercial and military) for terrorist acts, and that the September 11th terrorists learned to fly at general aviation flight schools. The questions GAO answered regarding the status of general aviation security included (1) What actions has the federal...
Homeland Security: Effective Regional Coordination Can Enhance Emergency Preparedness
GAO-04-1009: Published: Sep 15, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 2004.
As requested, GAO reviewed coordination practices in various metropolitan areas to find regional programs with lessons learned that could be applied in the National Capital Region (NCR) and elsewhere. We addressed the following questions: (1) In selected metropolitan areas, what factors enhance regional coordination? (2) What features of federal programs enhance regional emergency preparedness coo...
Information Technology: Major Federal Networks That Support Homeland Security Functions
GAO-04-375: Published: Sep 17, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2004.
A key information systems challenge in homeland security is ensuring that essential information is shared in a timely and secure manner among disparate parties in federal, state, and local governments, and in the private sectors. This requires communications networks that provide information-sharing capabilities between the various levels of government--federal, state, and local. GAO's objective w...