state relations (101 - 110 of 375 items)
Private Health Insurance: Federal Role in Enforcing New Standards Continues to Evolve
GAO-01-652R: Published: May 7, 2001. Publicly Released: May 7, 2001.
In recent years, Congress passed the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and three subsequent laws that create new federal standards for private health insurance which covers nearly 175 million Americans under the age of 65. These laws include standards guaranteeing access to health insurance for small employers and individuals with existing health conditions as well as req...
Information on Pesticide Illness Reporting Systems
GAO-01-501T: Published: Mar 13, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 2001.
This testimony discusses findings from two GAO reports that relate to Maryland's pending legislation on pesticide reporting. To determine how the nation's information on pesticide illnesses could be improved, GAO has worked with two federal agencies--the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the National Center for Environmental Health. These agencies told GAO that esta...
Influenza Pandemic: Plan Needed for Federal and State Response
GAO-01-4: Published: Oct 27, 2000. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 2000.
Public health experts have raised concerns about the ability of the nation's public health system to detect and respond to emerging infectious disease threats, such as pandemic influenza. Although vaccines are considered the first line of defense to prevent or reduce influenza-related illness and death, GAO found that they may be unavailable, in short supply, or ineffective for some portions of th...
Nursing Homes: Success of Quality Initiatives Requires Sustained Federal and State Commitment
T-HEHS-00-209: Published: Sep 28, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the quality of care in nursing homes, focusing on: (1) progress in improving the detection of quality problems during annual surveys; (2) how the prevalence of identified problems has changed; (3) the status of efforts to strengthen states' complaint investigation processes and federal enforcement policies; and (4) additional activities occurring...
Nursing Homes: Sustained Efforts Are Essential to Realize Potential of the Quality Initiatives
HEHS-00-197: Published: Sep 28, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on federal and state initiatives to improve the quality of nursing homes, focusing on: (1) progress in improving the detection of quality problems and changes in measured nursing home quality; (2) the status of efforts to strengthen states' complaint investigation processes and federal enforcement policies; and (3) additional steps take...
Medicare and Medicaid: Implementing State Demonstrations for Dual Eligibles Has Proven Challenging
HEHS-00-94: Published: Aug 18, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed states' initiatives to enroll dual eligibles (beneficiaries who qualify for both Medicare and Medicaid benefits) into one managed care plan, focusing on: (1) the status and key features of state initiatives focusing on: (1) the status and key features of state initiatives to integrate care for dual-eligible beneficiaries; and (2) factors that have...
West Nile Virus Outbreak: Lessons for Public Health Preparedness
HEHS-00-180: Published: Sep 11, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the West Nile virus outbreak, focusing on: (1) establishing a thorough chronological account of the significant events and communications that occurred, from doctors and others who first saw the symptoms and from the officials mounting a response; and (2) identifying lessons learned for public health and bioterrorism preparedness.GAO...
Medicaid: State Financing Schemes Again Drive Up Federal Payments
T-HEHS-00-193: Published: Sep 6, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the federal government's role in helping pay for Medicaid, focusing on how: (1) the current financing scheme works; and (2) it compromises the agreement for federal/state sharing of Medicaid financing.GAO noted that: (1) the current scheme inappropriately increases federal Medicaid payments by paying certain providers more than they would normally...
Ryan White Care Act: Opportunities to Enhance Funding Equity
T-HEHS-00-150: Published: Jul 11, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed ways to distribute Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act funds to states and localities, focusing on the: (1) potential for distributing funds on the basis of counts of persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in each geographic area rather than on counts of only persons whose disease has progressed to acqui...
Mental Health Parity Act: Despite New Federal Standards, Mental Health Benefits Remain Limited
HEHS-00-95: Published: May 10, 2000. Publicly Released: May 18, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation of the Mental Health Parity Act of 1996, focusing on the: (1) extent to which employers comply with the law and how they have revised their health plans; (2) law's effect on claims costs; and (3) steps federal agencies have taken to ensure compliance with the law.GAO noted that: (1) 86 percent of the responding employers in the 2...