Hospitals (1 - 10 of 82 items)
Hospital Uncompensated Care: Federal Action Needed to Better Align Payments with Costs
GAO-16-568: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 2016.
Key sources of federal support for hospitals incurring costs for services provided to uninsured and other low-income individuals (uncompensated care costs) include multiple types of Medicaid and Medicare payments totaling about $50 billion annually. GAO's analysis shows that through Medicaid, a joint federal-state program for low-income individuals, states made three types of payments that helped...
Medicare: Increasing Hospital-Physician Consolidation Highlights Need for Payment Reform
GAO-16-189: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2015.
Vertical consolidation is a financial arrangement that occurs when a hospital acquires a physician practice and/or hires physicians to work as salaried employees. The number of vertically consolidated hospitals and physicians increased from 2007 through 2013. Specifically, the number of vertically consolidated hospitals increased from about 1,400 to 1,700, while the number of vertically consolidat...
Medicaid: CMS Oversight of Provider Payments Is Hampered by Limited Data and Unclear Policy
GAO-15-322: Published: Apr 10, 2015. Publicly Released: May 11, 2015.
GAO's assessment of Medicaid payments to government and private hospitals in three selected states was hampered by inaccurate and incomplete data on payments. States must capture but are not required to report all payments they make to individual institutional providers, nor are states required to report ownership information. For example, large supplemental payments states often make to hospitals...
Medicaid Financing: States' Increased Reliance on Funds from Health Care Providers and Local Governments Warrants Improved CMS Data Collection [Reissued on March 13, 2015]
GAO-14-627: Published: Jul 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2014.
GAO found, based on a questionnaire sent to state Medicaid agencies, that states financed 26 percent, or over $46 billion, of the nonfederal share of Medicaid expenditures with funds from health care providers and local governments in state fiscal year 2012. State funds were most of the remaining nonfederal share.Nationally, states increasingly relied on funds from providers and local governments...
Electronic Health Records: HHS Strategy to Address Information Exchange Challenges Lacks Specific Prioritized Actions and Milestones
GAO-14-242: Published: Mar 24, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2014.
Providers and stakeholders GAO interviewed in four states with ongoing electronic health information exchange efforts cited key challenges to exchange, in particular, issues related to insufficient standards, concerns about how privacy rules can vary among states, difficulties in matching patients to their records, and costs associated with exchange. Officials from the Centers for Medicare & Medic...
Indian Health Service: Capping Payment Rates for Nonhospital Services Could Save Millions of Dollars for Contract Health Services
GAO-13-272: Published: Apr 11, 2013. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 2013.
The Indian Health Service's (IHS) federal contract health services (CHS) programs primarily paid physicians at their billed charges, which were significantly higher than what Medicare and private insurers would have paid for the same services. IHS's policy states that federal CHS programs should purchase services from contracted providers at negotiated, reduced rates. However, of the almost $63 mi...
Group Purchasing Organizations: Research on Their Pricing Impact on Health Care Providers
GAO-10-323R: Published: Jan 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2010.
Hospitals and other health care providers use purchasing intermediaries--group purchasing organizations (GPO)--as a way to control the cost of various medical products. Through GPO-negotiated contracts, hospitals and other health care providers can purchase everything from commodities, such as cotton balls and bandages, to high-technology medical devices, such as pacemakers and stents. By pooling...
Medicaid: Ongoing Federal Oversight of Payments to Offset Uncompensated Hospital Care Costs Is Warranted
GAO-10-69: Published: Nov 20, 2009. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 2009.
In addition to standard Medicaid payments, hospitals receive supplemental payments for uncompensated costs of care provided to uninsured and Medicaid patients. These supplemental payments are referred to as disproportionate share hospital (DSH) payments. Hospitals may also receive non-DSH supplemental payments. In fiscal year 2006, DSH payments totaled about $17 billion and non-DSH supplemental pa...
Private Health Insurance: Research on Competition in the Insurance Industry
GAO-09-864R: Published: Jul 31, 2009. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 2009.
Health care providers and members of Congress have raised concerns that consolidation in the private health insurance industry may be resulting in less competitive markets and contributing to rising health insurance rates paid by consumers and employers. However, measuring the extent of changes in market competition over time or the effects of changes is challenging. In particular, reliable, longi...
Nonprofit Hospitals: Variation in Standards and Guidance Limits Comparison of How Hospitals Meet Community Benefit Requirements
GAO-08-880: Published: Sep 12, 2008. Publicly Released: Oct 14, 2008.
Nonprofit hospitals qualify for federal tax exemption from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) if they meet certain requirements. Since 1969, IRS has not specified that these hospitals have to provide charity care to meet these requirements, so long as they engage in activities that benefit the community. Many of these activities are intended to benefit the approximately 47 million uninsured indivi...