Health care services (1 - 10 of 176 items)
Hospital Uncompensated Care: Federal Action Needed to Better Align Payments with Costs
GAO-16-568: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 2016.
Key sources of federal support for hospitals incurring costs for services provided to uninsured and other low-income individuals (uncompensated care costs) include multiple types of Medicaid and Medicare payments totaling about $50 billion annually. GAO's analysis shows that through Medicaid, a joint federal-state program for low-income individuals, states made three types of payments that helped...
Immigration Detention: Additional Actions Needed to Strengthen Management and Oversight of Detainee Medical Care
GAO-16-231: Published: Feb 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 29, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) oversees basic on-site medical care at all facilities, as required by ICE detention standards, but does not maintain complete information about medical care costs. The ICE Health Service Corps (IHSC) provided direct care to detainees at 19 over-72-hour facilities and oversaw care at the remaining 146 non-IHS...
Medicare: Increasing Hospital-Physician Consolidation Highlights Need for Payment Reform
GAO-16-189: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2015.
Vertical consolidation is a financial arrangement that occurs when a hospital acquires a physician practice and/or hires physicians to work as salaried employees. The number of vertically consolidated hospitals and physicians increased from 2007 through 2013. Specifically, the number of vertically consolidated hospitals increased from about 1,400 to 1,700, while the number of vertically consolidat...
VA Health Care: Actions Needed to Improve Monitoring and Oversight of Non-VA and Contract Care
GAO-15-654T: Published: Jun 1, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2015.
GAO's recent work has found significant weaknesses in the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) monitoring and oversight of its Non-VA Medical Care Program. Through this program, care is provided to veterans by non-VA providers in non-VA facilities. As GAO reported in May 2013, VA did not collect data on wait times veterans face in obtaining care from non-VA providers. Having data on wait times for...
Health Resources and Services Administration: Action Taken to Train and Oversee Grantee Monitoring Staff, but Certain Guidance Could Be Improved
GAO-14-800: Published: Sep 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2014.
In 2012, the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) began systematically developing guidance for the key staff involved in grantee monitoring—project officers in its programmatic bureaus and grants management specialists and financial integrity staff in its Office of Federal Assistance Management (OFAM). Specifically, HRSA issued the fi...
Medicaid: Assessment of Variation among States in Per-Enrollee Spending
GAO-14-456: Published: Jun 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2014.
Estimates of Medicaid spending developed from Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) data sources suggest wide variation among states in Medicaid spending per enrollee, overall and for each of four main eligibility groups—children, adults, disabled, and aged.Estimated Medicaid Spending per Enrollee, by State, Federal Fiscal Year 2008Notes: Spending per enrollee includes federal and state...
VA Spina Bifida Program: Outreach to Key Stakeholders and Written Guidance for Claims Audit Follow-up Activities Needed
GAO-14-564: Published: Jun 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2014.
The Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provides information and updates on covered health care services to beneficiaries enrolled in its spina bifida program, but has conducted limited outreach with key stakeholder organizations. VHA provides information on health care benefits to enrolled beneficiaries through the program website, for example. However, VHA h...
Defense Health Care: Acquisition Process for TRICARE's Third Generation of Managed Care Support Contracts
GAO-14-195: Published: Mar 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2014.
The TRICARE Management Activity (TMA) within the Department of Defense (DOD) used the acquisition process prescribed by federal regulations to acquire health care services for the TRICARE Program through the third generation of TRICARE's managed care support contracts (MCSC). This process included a three-phased contract award process outlined in the figure below.TMA's Contract Award Process: Phas...
Medicare Advantage: Special Needs Plans Were More Profitable, on Average, than Plans Available to All Beneficiaries in 2011
GAO-14-210R: Published: Dec 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 2014.
Special needs plans (SNP) reported having higher profit margins and spending a lower percentage of total revenues on medical expenses, on average, than Medicare Advantage (MA) plans available to all beneficiaries in 2011. For instance, SNPs' average profit margin was 4.0 percentage points higher than plans available to all beneficiaries--8.6 percent vs. 4.6 percent. SNPs also had a higher plan-lev...
Medicare Supplemental Coverage: Medigap and Other Factors Are Associated with Higher Estimated Health Care Expenditures
GAO-13-811: Published: Sep 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2013.
GAO's analysis of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' 2010 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) showed that estimated average total health care expenditures were higher for beneficiaries with Medigap or employer-sponsored coverage than for beneficiaries with traditional fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare only. While estimated average expenditures were lower for beneficiaries with Medic...