Cost analysis (1 - 10 of 100 items)
Medicare Part B: Data on Coupon Discounts Needed to Evaluate Methodology for Setting Drug Payment Rates
GAO-16-643: Published: Jul 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 26, 2016.
In 2015, manufacturers of 29 of the 50 high-expenditure Medicare Part B drugs GAO analyzed offered coupon programs, which reduce the costs patients incur for specific drugs. Part B drugs are typically administered by a physician. Coupon programs are prohibited in the Medicare program but are generally available to privately insured patients. GAO obtained data on coupon discounts for 18 drugs. GAO...
Hospital Uncompensated Care: Federal Action Needed to Better Align Payments with Costs
GAO-16-568: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 2016.
Key sources of federal support for hospitals incurring costs for services provided to uninsured and other low-income individuals (uncompensated care costs) include multiple types of Medicaid and Medicare payments totaling about $50 billion annually. GAO's analysis shows that through Medicaid, a joint federal-state program for low-income individuals, states made three types of payments that helped...
Medicaid: CMS Oversight of Provider Payments Is Hampered by Limited Data and Unclear Policy
GAO-15-322: Published: Apr 10, 2015. Publicly Released: May 11, 2015.
GAO's assessment of Medicaid payments to government and private hospitals in three selected states was hampered by inaccurate and incomplete data on payments. States must capture but are not required to report all payments they make to individual institutional providers, nor are states required to report ownership information. For example, large supplemental payments states often make to hospitals...
Defense Health Care Reform: Actions Needed to Help Realize Potential Cost Savings from Medical Education and Training
GAO-14-630: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2014.
In its 2013 plans for the implementation of the Defense Health Agency (DHA), the Department of Defense (DOD) outlined the responsibilities of a new Education and Training Directorate, but has not demonstrated how its proposed reforms will result in cost savings. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 required DOD to develop business case analyses for its shared service proposa...
Medicaid: Assessment of Variation among States in Per-Enrollee Spending
GAO-14-456: Published: Jun 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 16, 2014.
Estimates of Medicaid spending developed from Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) data sources suggest wide variation among states in Medicaid spending per enrollee, overall and for each of four main eligibility groups—children, adults, disabled, and aged.Estimated Medicaid Spending per Enrollee, by State, Federal Fiscal Year 2008Notes: Spending per enrollee includes federal and state...
Private Health Insurance: Early Effects of Medical Loss Ratio Requirements and Rebates on Insurers and Enrollees
GAO-14-580: Published: Jul 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2014.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) established federal minimum medical loss ratio (MLR) standards for the percentage of premiums private insurers must spend on their enrollees' medical care claims and activities to improve health care quality, as opposed to what they spend on administrative (“non-claims”) costs. Insurers report to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Service...
Medicare Advantage: Special Needs Plans Were More Profitable, on Average, than Plans Available to All Beneficiaries in 2011
GAO-14-210R: Published: Dec 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 2014.
Special needs plans (SNP) reported having higher profit margins and spending a lower percentage of total revenues on medical expenses, on average, than Medicare Advantage (MA) plans available to all beneficiaries in 2011. For instance, SNPs' average profit margin was 4.0 percentage points higher than plans available to all beneficiaries--8.6 percent vs. 4.6 percent. SNPs also had a higher plan-lev...
Medicare Supplemental Coverage: Medigap and Other Factors Are Associated with Higher Estimated Health Care Expenditures
GAO-13-811: Published: Sep 19, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2013.
GAO's analysis of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' 2010 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) showed that estimated average total health care expenditures were higher for beneficiaries with Medigap or employer-sponsored coverage than for beneficiaries with traditional fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare only. While estimated average expenditures were lower for beneficiaries with Medic...
U.S. Postal Service: Proposed Health Plan Could Improve Financial Condition, but Impact on Medicare and Other Issues Should Be Weighed before Approval
GAO-13-658: Published: Jul 18, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 19, 2013.
The U.S. Postal Service (USPS) would likely realize large financial gains from its proposed health care plan, primarily by increasing retirees use of Medicare. Specifically, USPS estimates that its plan would reduce its retiree health benefit liability by $54.6 billion, thereby eliminating its unfunded retiree health benefit liability. The plan would also reduce USPSs required total an...
Defense Health Care: Additional Analysis of Costs and Benefits of Potential Governance Structures Is Needed
GAO-12-911: Published: Sep 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2012.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) assessment of potential governance options for its Military Health System (MHS) did not provide complete information on the options' total cost impact and their strengths and weaknesses. As part of DOD's assessment, it identified 13 potential governance options for the MHS and included a limited analysis of the options' estimated costs savings and their strengths...