Beneficiaries (41 - 50 of 438 items)
Private Health Insurance: Concentration of Enrollees among Individual, Small Group, and Large Group Insurers from 2010 through 2013
GAO-15-101R: Published: Dec 1, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2014.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) requires GAO to study competition and market concentration in the health insurance market. For this study, we examined individual, small group, and large group health insurance markets prior to the implementation of key PPACA provisions that went into effect in 2014 and that could affect competition and market concentration among health insure...
Health Care Transparency: Actions Needed to Improve Cost and Quality Information for Consumers
GAO-15-11: Published: Oct 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2014.
Results obtained from two selected private consumer transparency tools GAO reviewed—websites with health cost or quality information comparing different health care providers—show that some providers are paid thousands of dollars more than others for the same service in the same geographic area, regardless of the quality of such services. For example, the cost for maternity care at selected ac...
Compounded Drugs: Payment Practices Vary across Public Programs and Private Insurers, and Medicare Part B Policy Should Be Clarified
GAO-15-85: Published: Oct 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2014.
Medicare, Medicaid, and private health insurers have varying payment practices for compounded drugs, depending upon whether compounded drugs and their ingredients can be identified on health insurance claims, and Medicare's Part B payment policy for these drugs is unclear.For drugs dispensed in pharmacy settings, claims contain sufficient information for public programs and private insurers to ide...
Chemical Assessments: Agencies Coordinate Activities, but Additional Action Could Enhance Efforts
GAO-14-763: Published: Sep 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2014.
The federal agencies GAO reviewed—the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), the National Toxicology Program (NTP), and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)—undertake distinct chemical toxicity assessment activities that differ in type and purpose...
Compounded Drugs: TRICARE's Payment Practices Should Be More Consistent with Regulations
GAO-15-64: Published: Oct 2, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 2, 2014.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) TRICARE program paid for about 465,000 compounded drug prescriptions through its pharmacy benefit in fiscal year 2013; these prescriptions represented 0.3 percent of all prescription drugs paid for through TRICARE's pharmacy benefit in that year. Most of these compounded drug prescriptions were dispensed in retail pharmacies and to retirees and their family member...
Disabled Dual-Eligible Beneficiaries: Integration of Medicare and Medicaid Benefits May Not Lead to Expected Medicare Savings
GAO-14-523: Published: Aug 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2014.
Overall spending for high-expenditure disabled dual-eligible beneficiaries—those in the top 20 percent of spending in their respective states—was driven largely by Medicaid spending, and the service use and health status often differed widely between those with high Medicare expenditures and high Medicaid expenditures. For these beneficiaries, Medicaid expenditures accounted for nearly two-thi...
Clinical Trials: Little is Known about Participation by Supplemental Security Income Recipients
GAO-14-734R: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
Some Supplemental Security Income (SSI) recipientshave participated in clinical trials for rare diseases and received compensation for their participation in recent years. SSI provides cash benefits to low-income aged, blind, and disabled persons who meet the program’s eligibility requirements, and since April 2011, the Social Security Administration (SSA) has excluded this type of compensation...
Medicaid Demonstrations: HHS's Approval Process for Arkansas's Medicaid Expansion Waiver Raises Cost Concerns
GAO-14-689R: Published: Aug 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2014.
In approving Arkansas’s Medicaid Section 1115 demonstration, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) gave the state the authority to test whether providing premium assistance to purchase private coverage offered on the health insurance exchange will improve access to care for individuals newly eligible for Medicaid as a result of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA).I...
Medicare Advantage: CMS Should Fully Develop Plans for Encounter Data and Assess Data Quality before Use
GAO-14-571: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 2, 2014.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) is collecting Medicare Advantage (MA) encounter data—information on the services and items furnished to enrollees—that are more comprehensive than the beneficiary diagnosis data the agency currently uses to risk adjust capitated payments to MA organizations (MAO). CMS, an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), makes t...
Defense Health Care: US Family Health Plan is Duplicative and Should be Eliminated
GAO-14-684: Published: Jul 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2014.
The role of the US Family Health Plan (USFHP) within the Department of Defense's (DOD) current military health system (MHS) is duplicative because it offers military beneficiaries the same TRICARE Prime benefit that is offered by the regional TRICARE managed care support contractors (MCSC). The USFHP is an association of six health care providers, referred to as designated providers, which took ow...