Adults (1 - 10 of 28 items)
Medicaid: CMS Needs Better Data to Monitor the Provision of and Spending on Personal Care Services
GAO-17-169: Published: Jan 12, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2017.
Two data systems managed by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—the federal agency that oversees Medicaid—collect information from states on the provision of and spending on personal care services:The Medicaid Statistical Information System (MSIS) collects detailed information from provider claims on services rendered to individual Medicaid beneficiaries and state payments for t...
Medicaid Personal Care Services: CMS Could Do More to Harmonize Requirements across Programs
GAO-17-28: Published: Nov 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 2016.
Four states that GAO reviewed varied in how they implemented safeguards to protect beneficiaries receiving in-home personal care services from harm and in their methods to help ensure billed services were actually provided. For example, to help keep beneficiaries safe, the four selected states—California, Maryland, Oregon, and Texas—reported that they monitored beneficiaries by having case man...
Youth with Autism: Roundtable Views of Services Needed During the Transition into Adulthood
GAO-17-109: Published: Oct 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) transitioning to adulthood may need a wide range of services and supports to help them achieve their goals, according to a panel GAO convened in March 2016. ASD is a highly individualized condition with characteristics that vary in degree and type from person to person. Autism characteristics may hinder or help youth achieve their goals—such as postsecon...
Medicaid Fee-For-Service: State Resources Vary for Helping Beneficiaries Find Providers
GAO-16-809: Published: Aug 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2016.
According to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), as of July 2014, over 40 percent of nearly 71 million Medicaid beneficiaries were in fee-for-service (FFS) arrangements—traditional FFS and primary care case management—in which participating providers are paid for each delivered service (e.g., an office visit, test, or procedure). The percentage of beneficiaries in FFS arrangeme...
Rare Diseases: Too Early to Gauge Effectiveness of FDA's Pediatric Voucher Program
GAO-16-319: Published: Mar 2, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 2, 2016.
It is too early to gauge whether the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) pediatric voucher program has stimulated the development of drugs to treat or prevent rare pediatric diseases. Given that the typical drug development process often exceeds a decade, insufficient time has elapsed to determine whether the 3 year-old program has been effective. Any drug sponsors motivated by the program to att...
Medicaid: Efforts to Exclude Nonemergency Transportation Not Widespread, but Raise Issues for Expanded Coverage
GAO-16-221: Published: Jan 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2016.
States' efforts to exclude nonemergency medical transportation (NEMT) benefits from enrollees who are newly eligible for Medicaid under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) are not widespread. Of the 30 states that expanded Medicaid as of September 30, 2015, 25 reported that they did not undertake efforts to exclude the NEMT benefit for newly eligible enrollees, 3 states reported...
Medicaid: Additional Efforts Needed to Ensure that State Spending is Appropriately Matched with Federal Funds
GAO-16-53: Published: Oct 16, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 23, 2015.
PPACA-expansion and state-expansion enrollees—individuals who were not eligible under historic Medicaid eligibility rules but are eligible under (1) a state option to expand Medicaid under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), or (2) a state's qualifying expansion of coverage prior to PPACA's enactment—comprised about 14 percent of Medicaid enrollees and about 10 percent of M...
Behavioral Health: Options for Low-Income Adults to Receive Treatment in Selected States
GAO-15-449: Published: Jun 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2015.
Nationwide, estimates using 2008-2013 data indicated that approximately 17 percent of low-income, uninsured adults (3 million) had a behavioral health condition, defined as a serious mental illness, a substance use condition, or both. Underlying these national estimates is considerable variation at the state level.Estimated Percentage of Low-Income, Uninsured Adults with Behavioral Health Conditio...
Older Adults: Federal Strategy Needed to Help Ensure Efficient and Effective Delivery of Home and Community-Based Services and Supports
GAO-15-190: Published: May 20, 2015. Publicly Released: May 20, 2015.
Five federal agencies within four departments fund home and community-based services and supports that older adults often require to continue living independently in their own homes and communities. The Administration on Aging (AoA) and Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Departments of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Tr...
Advance Directives: Information on Federal Oversight, Provider Implementation, and Prevalence
GAO-15-416: Published: Apr 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 2015.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) oversees providers' implementation of the advance directive requirement in the Patient Self Determination Act (PSDA) to maintain written policies and procedures to inform individuals about advance directives, and document information about individuals' advance directives in the medical record by providing guidance and monitoring covered providers...