Securities regulation (31 - 40 of 220 items)
Securities and Exchange Commission: Opportunities Exist to Improve Oversight of Self-Regulatory Organizations
GAO-08-33: Published: Nov 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2007.
Self-regulatory organizations (SRO) are exchanges and associations that operate and govern the markets, and that are subject to oversight by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Among other things, SROs monitor the markets, investigate and discipline members involved in improper trading, and make referrals to SEC regarding suspicious trades by nonmembers. For industry self-regulation to f...
Financial Regulation: Industry Trends Continue to Challenge the Federal Regulatory Structure
GAO-08-32: Published: Oct 12, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2007.
As the financial services industry has become increasingly concentrated in a number of large, internationally active firms offering an array of products and services, the adequacy of the U.S. financial regulatory system has been questioned. GAO has identified the need to modernize the financial regulatory system as a challenge to be addressed in the 21st century. This report, mandated by the Finan...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Additional Actions Needed to Ensure Planned Improvements Address Limitations in Enforcement Division Operations
GAO-07-830: Published: Aug 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2007.
The Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) ability to conduct investigations and bring enforcement actions for violations of securities laws is critical to its mission to protect investors and maintain fair and orderly markets. SEC's Division of Enforcement (Enforcement) is charged with investigating securities law violations; recommending civil enforcement actions when appropriate, either in...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Steps Being Taken to Make Examination Program More Risk-Based and Transparent
GAO-07-1053: Published: Aug 14, 2007. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2007.
After widespread unlawful trading practices surfaced in the mutual fund industry in late 2003, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), through its Office of Compliance Inspections and Examinations (OCIE), took steps intended to revise its examination process to better identify and focus its resources on those activities representing the highest risk to investors. More recently, some registra...
Credit Derivatives: Confirmation Backlogs Increased Dealers' Operational Risks, but Were Successfully Addressed after Joint Regulatory Action
GAO-07-716: Published: Jun 13, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 13, 2007.
Over-the-counter (OTC) credit derivatives are privately negotiated contracts that allow a party to transfer the risk of default on a bond or loan to another party without transferring ownership. After trading in these products grew dramatically in recent years, backlogs of thousands of trades developed for which dealers had yet to formally confirm the trade terms with end-users--such as hedge fund...
Financial Market Preparedness: Significant Progress Has Been Made, but Pandemic Planning and Other Challenges Remain
GAO-07-399: Published: Mar 29, 2007. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 2007.
This is GAO's third report since the September 11 terrorist attacks that assesses progress that market participants and regulators have made to ensure the security and resiliency of our securities markets. This report examined (1) actions taken to improve the markets' capabilities to prevent and recover from attacks; (2) actions taken to improve disaster response and increase telecommunications re...
Financial Product Sales: Actions Needed to Protect Military Members
GAO-06-245T: Published: Nov 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2005.
In 2004, a series of media articles alleged that financial firms were marketing expensive and potentially unnecessary insurance or other financial products to members of the military. GAO's report for this committee examined (1) features and marketing of certain insurance and securities products being sold to military members and (2) how financial regulators and the Department of Defense (DOD) wer...
SEC and CFTC Penalties: Continued Progress Made in Collection Efforts, but Greater SEC Management Attention Is Needed
GAO-05-670: Published: Aug 31, 2005. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2005.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) impose penalties, disgorgements, and restitution on proven and alleged violators of the securities and futures laws, respectively. GAO has issued a number of previous reports on agency collection efforts and made numerous recommendations for improvement. This report follows up on open issues from the previ...
Mutual Fund Industry: SEC's Revised Examination Approach Offers Potential Benefits, but Significant Oversight Challenges Remain
GAO-05-415: Published: Aug 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 19, 2005.
As the frontline regulator of mutual funds, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) plays a key role in protecting the nearly half of all U.S. households owning mutual funds, valued around $8 trillion in 2005. Mutual fund abuses raised questions about the integrity of the industry and quality of oversight provided by SEC and self-regulatory organizations (SRO) that regulate broker-dealers sel...
SEC Mutual Fund Oversight: Positive Actions Are Being Taken, but Regulatory Challenges Remain
GAO-05-692T: Published: Jun 7, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2005.
Trading abuses--including market timing and late trading violations--uncovered among some of the most well-known companies in the mutual fund industry permitted favored customers to profit at the expense of long-term shareholders. Questions have also been raised as to why the New York State Office of the Attorney General identified the trading abuses in September 2003 before the industry's primary...