Financial institutions (21 - 30 of 459 items)
Cybersecurity: Bank and Other Depository Regulators Need Better Data Analytics and Depository Institutions Want More Usable Threat Information
GAO-15-509: Published: Jul 2, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 2, 2015.
Regulators use a risk-based examination approach to oversee the adequacy of information security at depository institutions—banks, thrifts, and credit unions—but could better target future examinations by analyzing deficiencies across institutions. For information technology (IT) examinations, regulators adjust the level of scrutiny at each institution depending on the information they review,...
Bank Regulation: Lessons Learned and a Framework for Monitoring Emerging Risks and Regulatory Response
GAO-15-365: Published: Jun 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2015.
Past banking-related crises highlight a number of regulatory lessons learned. These include the importance ofEarly and forceful action. GAO's past work on failed banks found that regulators frequently identified weak management practices that involved the banks in higher-risk activities early on in each crisis, before banks began experiencing declines in capital. However, regulators were not alway...
Federal Home Loan Banks: Information on Governance Changes, Board Diversity, and Community Lending
GAO-15-435: Published: May 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 2015.
The Housing and Economic Recovery Act (HERA) of 2008 changed several aspects of the Federal Home Loan Bank System's (FHLBank System) governance. Among other things, HERA required that independent directors on the FHLBank boards be elected by member institutions (for example, commercial banks, thrifts, credit unions, and insurance companies) rather than appointed by the regulator. HERA also added c...
Federal Home Loan Banks: Collateral Requirements Discourage Some Community Development Financial Institutions from Seeking Membership
GAO-15-352: Published: Apr 23, 2015. Publicly Released: May 22, 2015.
Collateral requirements rather than membership requirements discouraged some nondepository community development financial institutions (CDFI)—loan or venture capital funds—from seeking membership in the Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLBank) System. CDFIs are financial institutions that provide credit and financial services to underserved communities. Less than 6 percent of nondepository CDFIs (30...
Community Development Capital Initiative: Status of the Program Investments and Participants
GAO-15-542: Published: May 5, 2015. Publicly Released: May 5, 2015.
As of March 31, 2015, 64 of the 84 participating banks and credit unions remained in the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI), and 80 percent of the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) $570 million total investment remained outstanding. Treasury's most recent estimated lifetime cost of the program—the present value of all program outflows and inflows—was $100 million, an amount...
Information Security: FDIC Implemented Many Controls over Financial Systems, but Opportunities for Improvement Remain
GAO-15-426: Published: Apr 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 2015.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) has implemented numerous information security controls intended to protect its key financial systems; nevertheless, weaknesses remain that place the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of financial systems and information at risk. During 2014, the corporation implemented 27 of the 36 GAO recommendations pertaining to previously reported sec...
Financial Company Bankruptcies: Information on Legislative Proposals and International Coordination
GAO-15-299: Published: Mar 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2015.
The U.S. Bankruptcy Code (Code) chapters dealing with the liquidation or reorganization of a financial company have not been changed since GAO last reported on financial company bankruptcies in July 2013. However, bills introduced in the previous Congress would, if re-introduced and passed, make broad changes to the Code relevant to financial company bankruptcies. The Financial Institution Bankrup...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Winding Down the Capital Purchase Program
GAO-15-367R: Published: Mar 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 6, 2015.
The Department of the Treasury (Treasury) continues to make progress in winding down the Capital Purchase Program (CPP), and returns have surpassed original CPP investments. As of December 31, 2014, Treasury had received $226.4 billion in repayments, sales, dividends, and interest from its CPP investments, exceeding the amount originally disbursed by $21.5 billion. After accounting for write-offs...
Troubled Asset Relief Program: Treasury Continues to Wind down Most Programs, but Housing Programs Remain Active
GAO-15-197: Published: Jan 6, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 6, 2015.
The Department of the Treasury (Treasury) continues to wind down Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) nonhousing programs that were designed to support financial and automotive markets (see figure). As of September 30, 2014, Treasury had exited four of the nine nonhousing programs that were once active, and was managing assets totaling $2.9 billion under those remaining. Some programs have yielded...
Financial Stability Oversight Council: Further Actions Could Improve the Nonbank Designation Process
GAO-15-51: Published: Nov 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2014.
The Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC) uses committees comprising staff from member agencies to help it evaluate nonbank financial companies and determine if they will receive enhanced supervision. FSOC has developed and followed a process for making determination decisions that is, in part, systematic and transparent. FSOC published a final rule and guidance that establish a three-stage...