Labor force (71 - 80 of 305 items)
Registered Apprenticeship Programs: Labor Can Better Use Data to Target Oversight
GAO-05-886: Published: Aug 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2005.
Between 2002 and 2012 nearly 850,000 jobs will open in the construction industry; experts predict that there will not be enough skilled workers to fill them. This has heightened concerns about program outcomes and program quality in the nation's apprenticeship system and the U.S. Department of Labor's oversight of it. GAO assessed (1) the extent to which Labor monitors registered apprenticeship pr...
Intellectual Property: Improvements Needed to Better Manage Patent Office Automation and Address Workforce Challenges
GAO-05-1008T: Published: Sep 8, 2005. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2005.
The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is responsible for issuing patents that protect new ideas and investments in innovation and creativity. However, the volume and complexity of patent applications to the agency have increased significantly in recent years, lengthening the time needed to process patents and raising concerns about the validity of the patents that are issued. Annua...
Survey of Workforce Investment Board Directors on the Use of Individual Training Accounts, an E-supplement to GAO-05-650
GAO-05-807SP: Published: Jun 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2005.
This document presents a facsimile of GAO's Web-based survey of workforce investment board directors on the use of individual training accounts. We are providing the survey instrument used in this study so that readers may see the actual questions used to collect the survey data used in GAO's report. The results of this survey are not included in this document but are discussed in detail in our re...
Workforce Investment Act: Substantial Funds Are Used for Training, but Little Is Known Nationally about Training Outcomes
GAO-05-650: Published: Jun 29, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 29, 2005.
The Congress passed the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) in 1998 seeking to create a system connecting employment, education, and training services to better match job seekers to labor market needs. However, questions have been raised about how WIA funds are being used and, in particular, how much is being spent on training. Contributing to the concern about the use of WIA funds is the lack of accur...
Unemployment Insurance: Better Data Needed to Assess Reemployment Services to Claimants
GAO-05-413: Published: Jun 24, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2005.
With unemployed workers at a greater risk of long-term unemployment than in the past, it is increasingly important to quickly connect Unemployment Insurance (UI) claimants with reemployment activities. However, the shift to remote claims filing in many states has raised concerns about maintaining a connection between the UI program and reemployment services. This report examines (1) the extent to...
Immigration Enforcement: Preliminary Observations on Employment Verification and Worksite Enforcement Efforts
GAO-05-822T: Published: Jun 21, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2005.
The opportunity for employment is one of the most important magnets attracting illegal aliens to the United States. The Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 established an employment eligibility verification process and a sanctions program for fining employers for noncompliance. Few modifications have been made to the verification process and sanctions program since 1986, and immigrat...
Intellectual Property: USPTO Has Made Progress in Hiring Examiners, but Challenges to Retention Remain
GAO-05-720: Published: Jun 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2005.
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is responsible for issuing U.S. patents that protect new ideas and investments in innovation and creativity. Recent increases in both the complexity and volume of patent applications have increased the time it takes to process patents and have raised concerns about the validity of the patents USPTO issues. Adding to these challenges is the difficulty th...
Workforce Investment Act: Labor Should Consider Alternative Approaches to Implement New Performance and Reporting Requirements
GAO-05-539: Published: May 27, 2005. Publicly Released: May 27, 2005.
In a period of significant budget constraints, it is more vital than ever for federal programs to have good performance information. The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 took a significant step in that direction by introducing greater accountability for employment and training programs than prior programs. WIA established performance measures to look at a broad array of participant outcomes...
Social Security: Societal Changes Add Challenges to Program Protections
GAO-05-706T: Published: May 17, 2005. Publicly Released: May 17, 2005.
Before Social Security was enacted in 1935, at least half of those 65 and older in the United States were financially dependent upon others, including family members and public assistance. Today, the elderly's dependency on public assistance has dropped to a fraction of its depression-era levels, and poverty rates among this group are now lower than for the population as a whole. However, Social S...
Veterans' Employment and Training Service: Preliminary Observations on Changes to Veterans' Employment Programs
GAO-05-662T: Published: May 12, 2005. Publicly Released: May 12, 2005.
The Department of Labor's Veterans' Employment and Training Service (VETS) administers two programs designed to assist the roughly 700,000 veterans who are unemployed in any given month. These two programs, the Disabled Veterans' Outreach Program (DVOP) and the Local Veterans' Employment Representative (LVER) program, fund employment, training, and job placement services to veterans. In 2002, Cong...