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Employment (51 - 60 of 4,994 items)
Chemical Safety: Actions Needed to Improve Federal Oversight of Facilities with Ammonium Nitrate
GAO-14-274: Published: May 19, 2014. Publicly Released: May 21, 2014.
Federal data provide insight into the number of facilities in the United States with ammonium nitrate but do not provide a complete picture because of reporting exemptions and other data limitations. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) do not require facilities to report their ammonium nitrate holdings. The Department of Homeland S...
International Labor Grants: Labor Should Improve Management of Key Award Documentation
GAO-14-493: Published: May 15, 2014. Publicly Released: May 15, 2014.
The Department of Labor's (Labor) Bureau of International Labor Affairs (ILAB) has guidance and criteria for developing projects covering trade and labor and child labor. In fiscal year 2013, the child labor office obligated about $56 million and the trade and labor office obligated about $13.5 million for technical assistance projects. Officials from both offices said they consider many factors i...
Mine Safety: Basis for Proposed Exposure Limit on Respirable Coal Mine Dust and Possible Approaches for Lowering Dust Levels
GAO-14-345: Published: Apr 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 2014.
The Department of Labor's Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) appropriately did not use recent trend data on coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) as a basis for its proposal to lower the permissible exposure limit for respirable coal mine dust. These recent data from the Department of Health and Human Services' National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) are inappropriate...
American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: Economic Indicators Since Minimum Wage Increases Began
GAO-14-381: Published: Mar 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2014.
American Samoa employment and earnings have decreased since 2007, but employment increased slightly from 2011 to 2012. Since 2005, the American Samoa economy has had a flat or declining real gross domestic product (GDP).American Samoa EmploymentEmploymentChangeAll sectors, 2011-2012+1.5%All sectors, 2007-2012-11%Tuna canning hourly workers, 2012-2013-13%Tuna canning hourly workers, 2007-2013-58%So...
Whistleblower Protection Program: Opportunities Exist for OSHA and DOT to Strengthen Collaborative Mechanisms
GAO-14-286: Published: Mar 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2014.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has taken steps to include auto industry employees in its Whistleblower Protection Program and has coordinated with the Department of Transportation (DOT) on whistleblower issues, but interagency collaborative mechanisms could be strengthened. Among other steps, OSHA is developing procedures for how it will investigate claims from auto emplo...
Student and Exchange Visitor Program: DHS Needs to Assess Risks and Strengthen Oversight of Foreign Students with Employment Authorization
GAO-14-356: Published: Feb 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2014.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), a component of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), has not identified or assessed fraud or noncompliance risks posed by schools that recommend and foreign students approved for optional practical training (OPT), in accordance with DHS risk management guidance. ICE's Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) officials consider OPT to be a low...
Workforce Investment Act: Strategies Needed to Improve Certain Training Outcome Data
GAO-14-137: Published: Jan 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 2014.
Of the more than two million total participants in the Workforce Investment Act's (WIA) Adult and Dislocated Worker Programs, about 11 percent and 16 percent, respectively, received training in program year 2011, and about two-thirds of the training participants in each program attained a credential. Little is known, however, about how many participants got jobs related to their training. From pr...
Aviation Workforce: Current and Future Availability of Airline Pilots
GAO-14-232: Published: Feb 28, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2014.
GAO found mixed evidence regarding the extent of a shortage of airline pilots, although regional airlines have reported difficulties finding sufficient numbers of qualified pilots over the past year. Specifically, looking at broad economic indicators, airline pilots have experienced a low unemployment rateâ€”the most direct measure of a labor shortage; however, both employment and earnings have de...
Aviation Workforce: Current and Future Availability of Aviation Engineering and Maintenance Professionals
GAO-14-237: Published: Feb 28, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2014.
GAO analysis found mixed evidence about a current or possible future shortage of aviation professionals. Aerospace engineers have experienced a low unemployment rateâ€”the most direct measure of a labor shortageâ€”and increases in employment suggesting a shortage may exist; however, earnings for the occupation have stayed about the same. Data provide less support for a shortage of aircraft mechani...
VA Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment: Further Program Management Improvements Are Needed
GAO-14-363T: Published: Feb 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2014.
About half of the almost 17,000 veterans who entered the Department of Veterans Affairs' (VA) Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment (VR&E) program in fiscal year 2003 and received employment-related services were placed in suitable jobs, one-third left the program, and most of the others are still participating. It often took veterans 6 years or more to achieve success, due in part to veterans...