Community development (1 - 10 of 198 items)
Community Development Block Grants: Sources of Data on Community Income Are Limited
GAO-16-734: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) and states' primary method for communities to demonstrate eligibility when they disagree with HUD's eligibility determination is to allow communities to conduct their own local income surveys to show that they meet the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) income threshold. HUD instructs small communities, known as nonentitlement communiti...
Community Development Capital Initiative: Status of the Program Investments and Participants
GAO-15-542: Published: May 5, 2015. Publicly Released: May 5, 2015.
As of March 31, 2015, 64 of the 84 participating banks and credit unions remained in the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI), and 80 percent of the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) $570 million total investment remained outstanding. Treasury's most recent estimated lifetime cost of the program—the present value of all program outflows and inflows—was $100 million, an amount...
New Markets Tax Credit: Better Controls and Data Are Needed to Ensure Effectiveness
GAO-14-500: Published: Jul 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2014.
The financial structures of New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) investments have become more complex and less transparent over time. The increased complexity is due, in part, to combining the NMTC with other federal, state, and local government funds. Based on GAO's survey of Community Development Entities (CDEs) an estimated 62 percent of NMTC projects received other federal, state, or local government...
Community Development Capital Initiative: Status of the Program and Financial Health of Remaining Participants
GAO-14-579: Published: Jun 6, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2014.
As of April 30, 2014, 82 percent of the Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) $570 million total investment in eligible banks and credit unions through the Community Development Capital Initiative (CDCI) was still outstanding. Sixteen institutions have exited the program, leaving 29 banks and 39 credit unions, respectively, in the program. Treasury had received repayments and investment income o...
Community Development Block Grants: Reporting on Compliance with Limit on Funds Used for Administration Can Be Improved
GAO-13-247: Published: Mar 21, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 21, 2013.
The annual appropriation for the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program allows grantees to use up to 20 percent of program funds for planning, management, and administration (collectively referred to as "administration"). Specifically, grantees may use these funds for a range of activities, including general management, oversight, and coordination; fair housing activities; preparing comm...
HUD Has Identified Performance Measures for Its Block Grant Programs, but Information on Impact Is Limited
GAO-12-575R: Published: May 15, 2012. Publicly Released: May 15, 2012.
Information on the overall effectiveness (or impact) of the CDBG and HOME programs is limited. According to HUD officials, the agency has faced challenges in evaluating the impact of CDBG and HOME because, among other things, such an evaluation would have to compare neighborhoods that received program assistance with those that did not. Our previous work has also identified the difficulties of eva...
Community Development Financial Institutions and New Markets Tax Credit Programs in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas
GAO-12-547R: Published: Apr 26, 2012. Publicly Released: Apr 26, 2012.
The policies and procedures of the CDFI and NMTC Programs help ensure that awards and allocations generally are proportionate to the numbers of qualified applicants that serve metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The CDFI Programs authorizing legislation and regulations require that award recipients constitute a geographically diverse group, serving metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas...
Community Development: Limited Information on the Use and Effectiveness of Tax Expenditures Could Be Mitigated through Congressional Attention
GAO-12-262: Published: Feb 29, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 30, 2012.
GAO identified 23 community development tax expenditures available in fiscal year 2010. For example, five ($1.5 billion) targeted economically distressed areas, and nine ($8.7 billion) supported specific activities such as rehabilitating structures for business use. The design of each community development tax expenditure appears to overlap with that of at least one other tax expenditure in terms...
FEMA and the Corps Have Taken Steps to Establish a Task Force, but FEMA Has Not Assessed the Costs of Collecting and Reporting All Levee-Related Concerns
GAO-11-689R: Published: Jul 29, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2011.
Recent catastrophic flooding in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee caused levee breaches and forced mandatory evacuations; while record flooding along the Mississippi and lower Ohio River valleys prompted the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) to rupture the Bird's Point-New Madrid Levee, resulting in the flooding of more than 130,000 acres of Missouri farmland. The destru...
Financial Education and Counseling Pilot Program
GAO-11-737R: Published: Jul 27, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2011.
The federal government has numerous programs designed to improve Americans' financial literacy, some of which are targeted at helping consumers determine whether and when to purchase a home, how to manage a mortgage, and how to deal with setbacks that could limit their ability to make timely mortgage payments. However, as we have reported, little is known about the effectiveness of specific strate...