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Business Regulation and Consumer Protection (111 - 120 of 1,302 items)
Veteran-Owned Small Businesses: Planning and Data System for VA's Verification Program Need Improvement
GAO-13-95: Published: Jan 14, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 2013.
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has made significant changes to its verification processes for service-disabled and other veteran-owned small businesses to improve operations and address program weaknesses, but continues to face challenges in establishing a stable and efficient program to verify firms on a timely and consistent basis. Since December 2011, VA has instituted a number of sign...
Regional Alaska Native Corporations: Status 40 Years after Establishment, and Future Considerations
GAO-13-121: Published: Dec 13, 2012. Publicly Released: Jan 9, 2013.
Incorporated under Alaska state law, regional Alaska Native corporations share fundamental characteristics, although they have chosen a variety of governance practices. Like other Alaska corporations, the regional corporations are subject to the state's corporate laws (with limited exceptions) and are run by an elected board of directors. Nevertheless, each regional corporation has chosen its own...
Flood Insurance: Participation of Indian Tribes in Federal and Private Programs
GAO-13-226: Published: Jan 4, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 4, 2013.
As of August 2012, just 37 of 566 federally recognized tribes (7 percent) were participating in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), and 3 tribes accounted for more than 70 percent of policies. A number of factors have affected tribes' participation. First, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has not placed a high priority on mapping rural areas, including many Indian lands, for...
Consumer Product Safety Commission: Agency Faces Challenges in Responding to New Product Risks
GAO-13-150: Published: Dec 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 2012.
The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has broad authority to identify, assess, and address product risks, but faces some challenges in identifying and responding to new risks in a timely manner. CPSC uses various means to stay informed about risks that may be associated with new or existing products. These methods include (1) market surveillance activities for imported products, retail sto...
DISH Network Complied with the Court-Appointed Special Master's Examination of Its Compliance with the Section 119 Statutory License
GAO-13-169R: Published: Dec 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2012.
GAO found that DISH complied with the Special Master's examination. DISH provided the Special Master with information on its subscribers and royalty payments, and cooperated on a survey of all major network-affiliated broadcast stations nationwide. Since our March 23, 2012, report, the Special Master issued a report noting that there was no substantial evidence of improprieties by DISH regarding t...
Federal Contracting: Slow Start to Implementation of Justifications for 8(a) Sole-Source Contracts
GAO-13-118: Published: Dec 12, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 2012.
The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2010 required that the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) be amended within 180 days after enactment to require justifications for 8(a) sole-source contracts over $20 million. These justifications bring more attention to large 8(a) sole source contracts. The FAR Council, which updates the FAR, missed this mandatory deadline by almost...
Product Safety Laboratories: OSHA's Accreditation Process Needs Reexamination
GAO-13-88: Published: Dec 11, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 2012.
The Department of Labor's (Labor) Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) process for accrediting Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratories (NRTL) is lengthy due to the scope of staff members' responsibilities and unclear application procedures for accreditation. Among the 13 recently approved applications, OSHA took between 1 and 5 years to make accreditation decisions. All of the...
Medicare and Medicaid: Consumer Protection Requirements Affecting Dual-Eligible Beneficiaries Vary across Programs, Payment Systems, and States
GAO-13-100: Published: Dec 5, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2012.
Medicare and Medicaid consumer protection requirements vary across programs, payment systems--either fee-for-service (FFS) or managed care--and states. Within Medicare, enrollment in managed care through the Medicare Advantage (MA) program must always be voluntary, whereas state Medicaid programs can require enrollment in managed care in certain situations. For example, Arizona requires nearly all...
Small Business Lending: Opportunities Exist to Improve Performance Reporting of Treasury's Programs
GAO-13-76: Published: Dec 5, 2012. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2012.
The U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) has made progress in developing guidance and procedures to monitor participants' compliance with requirements for the Small Business Lending Fund (SBLF) and the State Small Business Credit Initiative (SSBCI) programs. In response to GAO's previous recommendation on SBLF monitoring, Treasury has developed procedures for monitoring SBLF participant comp...
Spectrum Management: FCC's Licensing Approach in the 11, 18, and 23 Gigahertz Bands Currently Supports Spectrum Availability and Efficiency
GAO-13-78R: Published: Nov 20, 2012. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2012.
FCC has generally ensured the availability of licenses and encouraged the efficient use of spectrum through its various regulations. Specifically, stakeholders noted that the Commission's rules on frequency coordination, buildout requirements, and operating requirements each ensure availability of licenses and encourage efficient use of spectrum. First, FCC's requirement to coordinate new links wi...