Agricultural policies (1 - 10 of 37 items)
Farm Program Payments: USDA Should Correct Weaknesses in Regulations and Oversight to Better Ensure Recipients Do Not Circumvent Payment Limitations
GAO-04-861T: Published: Jun 16, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2004.
Farmers receive about $15 billion annually in federal payments to help produce major crops, such as corn, cotton, rice, and wheat. The Farm Program Payments Integrity Act of 1987 (1987 Act) limits payments to individuals and entities--such as corporations and partnerships--that are "actively engaged in farming." This testimony is based on GAO's report, Farm Program Payments: USDA Needs to Strength...
Crop Insurance: USDA's Progress in Expanding Insurance for Specialty Crops
RCED-99-67: Published: Apr 16, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the availability of the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) federal crop insurance for specialty crops, focusing on: (1) USDA's recent progress in expanding coverage to specialty crops; (2) the new marketing practices insurance companies have introduced for specialty crops and the potential advantages and disadvantages of the practices, including th...
Farm Credit System: Analysis and Comment on Possible New Insurance Corporation Powers
GGD-96-144: Published: Aug 5, 1996. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 1996.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the appropriateness and major advantages of three proposals to increase the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation's (FCSIC) oversight powers over its Insurance Fund.GAO found that: (1) authorizing FCSIC to assess association capital would provide short-term additional protection to the Insurance Fund, investors, and taxpayers, but reasons for...
RCED-95-264R: Published: Aug 28, 1995. Publicly Released: Aug 28, 1995.
GAO provided information on the distribution of deficiency payments under the Department of Agriculture's income support program during crop year 1993. GAO noted that: (1) about 1.1 million individuals received payments under their own name or through entities, general partnerships, or joint ventures; (2) the average deficiency payment varied from one commodity to another; (3) 76 percent of these...
Federal Dairy Programs: Information on Dairy Pricing and Related 1995 Farm Bill Issues
RCED-95-97BR: Published: Mar 27, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the dairy program, focusing on: (1) how the U.S. dairy pricing system operates; and (2) dairy issues that may need consideration during the 1995 farm bill reauthorization.GAO found that: (1) the U.S. dairy program sets minimum milk prices through milk marketing orders (MMO) and the price support program; (2) processors, not the feder...
Farm Programs: Distribution of USDA Income Support Payments
T-RCED-95-133: Published: Mar 16, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 1995.
GAO discussed the distribution of the Department of Agriculture's income support payments for crop year 1993, focusing on the: (1) value of these payments; and (2) extent to which these payments may be concentrated among relatively few farms. GAO noted that: (1) payments to individual farms ranged from less than $100 to almost $1.8 million; (2) approximately 75 percent of the 989,000 farms receive...
Minorities and Women on Farm Committees
RCED-95-113R: Published: Mar 1, 1995. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 1995.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed whether women and minorities are adequately represented on Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS) community, county, and state committees. GAO noted that: (1) minority producers are underrepresented on ASCS county and community committees; (2) although minority producers account for nearly 5 percent of the producers eligible t...
Wheat Support: The Impact of Target Prices Versus Export Subsidies
RCED-94-79: Published: Jun 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) how the Export Enhancement Program (EEP) has affected the income of wheat producers and grain exporters; (2) whether wheat producers' income would have increased if additional EEP funds had been used for direct income support payments; and (3) the benefits of higher target prices.GAO found that: (1) EEP has generally increased wheat exports by...
Commodity Programs: Flex Acres Enhance Farm Operations and Market Orientation
RCED-94-76: Published: Dec 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 11, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether 1990 farm legislation will reduce government costs and increase farmers' flexibility and responsiveness to market demands.GAO found that: (1) although flex acres are designed to reduce the government's agricultural support costs and increase U.S. farmers' market competitiveness, the total impact of flex acres on farm income is unknown; (2)...
Dairy Industry: Potential for and Barriers to Market Development
RCED-94-19: Published: Dec 21, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 5, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the development of domestic and international markets for U.S. dairy products, focusing on: (1) how the U.S. dairy industry's export activities compare with those of other major milk-producing countries; (2) opportunities to develop and expand dairy markets; and (3) obstacles to expanding dairy markets.GAO found that: (1) the United States is the t...