Grain and grain products (1 - 10 of 49 items)
U.S. Agriculture: Retail Food Prices Grew Faster Than the Prices Farmers Received for Agricultural Commodities, but Economic Research Has Not Established That Concentration Has Affected These Trends
GAO-09-746R: Published: Jun 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2009.
Over the past 25 years, farmers have received a decreasing share of the consumer food dollar. Some analysts and farm interest groups are concerned that this decline can be attributed, in part, to increasing concentration in agriculture. They believe that firms in highly concentrated markets may be able to exert market power by raising retail food prices while also depressing prices farmers receive...
International Trade: U.S. Agencies Need Greater Focus to Support Mexico's Successful Transition to Liberalized Agricultural Trade Under NAFTA
GAO-05-272: Published: Mar 25, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2005.
In 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) created the world's largest free trade area and, among other things, reduced or eliminated barriers for U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico's vast and growing markets. As part of a body of GAO work on NAFTA issues, this report (1) identifies progress made and difficulties encountered in gaining market access for U.S. agricultural exports to...
Farm Program Payments: USDA Needs to Strengthen Regulations and Oversight to Better Ensure Recipients Do Not Circumvent Payment Limitations
GAO-04-407: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 2004.
Farmers receive about $15 billion annually in federal farm program payments to help produce major commodities, including corn, cotton, rice, and wheat. The Farm Program Payments Integrity Act of 1987 (1987 Act) limits payments to individuals and entities--such as corporations and partnerships-- that are "actively engaged in farming." GAO (1) determined how well USDA's regulations limit payments, (...
Peanut Program: Potential Effects of Proposed Farm Bill on Producers, Consumers, Government, and Peanut Imports and Exports
GAO-01-1135R: Published: Sep 26, 2001. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2001.
The current federal peanut program, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is designed to support producers' incomes while ensuring an ample supply of domestically produced peanuts. To achieve these goals, the program controls the domestic supply of peanuts and guarantees producers a minimum price for their crops. This price substantially exceeds the price for peanuts in world markets...
Food and Commodities: Federal Purchases and Major Regulations That Potentially Affect Prices Paid
RCED-00-173R: Published: Jun 15, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the federal government's food and commodity purchases, focusing on: (1) details about federal agencies' purchases of food and agricultural commodities from fiscal year (FY) 1997 through FY 1999; and (2) information on major regulations that may affect the prices paid by these agencies for these products.GAO noted that: (1) five agenc...
Pork Industry: Trade Barriers and Other Factors Limit Federal Programs' Potential to Increase Exports
RCED-00-41: Published: Feb 1, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 3, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects that the U.S. cargo preference law and federal export assistance programs have on the pork export industry, focusing on the: (1) extent to which other countries' trade practices and the U.S. cargo preference law are impediments to exporting more pork products; (2) extent to which existing federal programs could be used to increase the e...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Marketing Assistance Loan Program Should Better Reflect Market Conditions
RCED-00-9: Published: Nov 23, 1999. Publicly Released: Nov 23, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effects of the marketing assistance loan program on cash payments to farm producers, focusing on: (1) which producers received cash payments through the program, by type of crop and state; (2) why some producers did not participate in the program; and (3) what types of concerns have been raised about the program's effect on cash payments and po...
Agricultural Trade: Changes Made to Market Access Program, but Questions Remain on Economic Impact
NSIAD-99-38: Published: Apr 5, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's implementation of legislative reforms to the Market Access Program (MAP) and their impact on program participation.GAO noted that: (1) as directed by Congress, the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) implemented operational changes to MAP; these changes have affected program participation and distribution of funds; (2...
Farm Bill Export Options
GGD-96-39R: Published: Dec 15, 1995. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO identified ways that the Department of Agriculture (USDA) can improve the effectiveness of its agricultural export assistance programs. GAO noted that: (1) public and private sector organizations identified 126 options for improving USDA agricultural export assistance programs; (2) of the options identified, there were 58 for improving market development an...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Foreign-Owned Exporters' Participation in the Export Enhancement Program
GGD-95-127: Published: May 11, 1995. Publicly Released: May 11, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the participation of foreign-owned companies in the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) Export Enhancement Program (EEP).GAO found that: (1) foreign exporters' participation in EEP is consistent with the program's basic objectives of discouraging other countries' unfair trade practices and increasing the competitiveness of U.S. agricultural commod...